Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 outcome 1 Discussing and debating art VCE A RT Larissa FENG."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 4 outcome 1 Discussing and debating art VCE A RT Larissa FENG
SCULPTURE/INSTALLATIONS: The techniques and materials used by contemporary artists often question longevity and the artist as the sole creator. Discuss with relevance to the work of artists.
SCULPTURE Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials, typically stone such as marble, metal, glass, or wood, or plastic materials such as clay, textiles, polymers and softer metals. The term has been extended to works including sound, text and light.
SCULPTURE Sculptors have generally sought to produce works of art that are as permanent as possible, working in durable and frequently expensive materials such as bronze and stone. More common and less expensive materials were used for sculpture for wider consumption, including glass, hardwoods, terracotta and other ceramics, and cast metals.
SCULPTURE Many sculptors seek new ways and materials to make art. Jim Gary used stained glass and automobile parts, tools, machine parts, and hardware. One of Pablo Picasso's most famous sculptures included bicycle parts. Alexander Calder and other modernists made spectacular use of painted steel. Since the 1960s, acrylics and other plastics have been used as well.
SCULPTURE Examples Crinkly avec disc rouge by Alexander Calder Pietà by Michelangelo
I NSTALLATION ART Installation art describes an artistic genre of site-specific, three-dimensional works designed to transform the perception of a space.
I NSTALLATION ART Generally, the term is applied to interior spaces, whereas exterior interventions are often called Land art; however the boundaries between these terms overlap. Installation art can be either temporary or permanent. Installation artworks have been constructed in exhibition spaces such as museums and galleries, as well as public and private spaces. The genre incorporates a very broad range of everyday and natural materials, which are often chosen for their evocative qualities, as well as new media such as video, sound, performance and the internet.
I NSTALLATION ART Example Embankment by Rachel Whitread at Tate Modern in London
R ICKY SWALLOW Represented Australia at the 2005 Venice Biennale
R ICKY SWALLOW The Bricoleur Exhibition
R ICKY SWALLOW Longeron 2009 Jelutong 35 x 120 x 43 cm
R ICKY SWALLOW Analyze how the artwork’s formal elements and principles contribute to its meanings to messages based on the information provided in the video clips. Art appreciation activity – Formal framework
R ICKY SWALLOW Model for a Sunken Monument 1999 MDF, acrylic 110 x 220 x 150 cm
R ICKY SWALLOW Interviewed at Gertrude Street Artist Space in 2000 “This piece is called ‘Model for a sunken monument’. It is basically an enlargement of a 3d puzzle which I've scaled up out of proportion to look like it’s quite monolithic or monumental. I've used Darth Vader as a subject before and I'm interested in him because obviously he is quite a popular reference to people of our generation. But also it is quite a minimal character - I like the idea of softening his surface or making him kind of more malleable or molten if you like.” “This was a more ambitious piece for me - I had to get people in to help me, just because of the pure size of it. And basically cut it out of MDF wood, I think it is about 87 pieces all together and they were screwed together as sections which lock into each other. I like the idea that is much heavier than it actually looks. All the detail is achieved by the changing sizes of the layers. And what I said about the last piece being interested in alternative histories I guess with this again …also is a reference to the end of Planet of the Apes where they find a Statue of Liberty sunken into the ground as a kind of hint to the lost civilization that is going to be marooned or turned upside down.”
R ICKY SWALLOW Discuss the contemporary characteristics related to Swallow’s work Model for a sunken monument in pairs. Art appreciation activity – Contemporary framework
P ATRICIA PICCININI Represented Australia at the 2003 Venice Biennale
P ATRICIA PICCININI Exhibition at Artium in Spain
P ATRICIA PICCININI Summarize Piccinini’s personal interpretation of the meanings and messages within her sculpture and installations according to the video. Write down your personal interpretation of Piccinini’s works. Art appreciation activity – Personal framework
P ATRICIA PICCININI The Gathering 2006 digital video 3 minutes ratio 16:9
P ATRICIA PICCININI Piccinini combines two important influences in The Gathering – popular culture and art history. The opening vignettes and the unusual soundtrack are reminiscent of the techniques used in suspense and thriller movies. Like most suspense films made in the past fifty years, the setting for The Gathering is far removed from the Gothic mansions of earlier traditions. The sense of suspense is heightened when the strange and unexpected threatens the everyday or commonplace. Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
P ATRICIA PICCININI The Gathering exemplifies the notion of the ‘uncanny’, first discussed by Sigmund Freud in Freud linked the uncanny specifically to the home, hence for Freud the uncanny was experienced when the home or something familiar is rendered unhomely and unfamiliar. Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
P ATRICIA PICCININI The Gathering also references Surrealist painting traditions. The dramatic focus on everyday details within the house renders the familiar, strange. This tendency to make the home unfamiliar or ‘uncanny’ is found in the work of many Surrealist artists including Dorothea Tanning and Pierre Roy who also stage unexpected encounters within the home environment in their paintings. Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
P ATRICIA PICCININI In groups brainstorm the cultural influences upon The Gathering. Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
D ISCUSSING & DEBATING
Discuss in groups: Do you think the role of the artist has changed? How do you feel about Ricky Swallow crafts most of his works by himself, while Patricia Piccinini has people to produce her works? Clarify your own position about this issue based on the information provided today.