Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 outcome 1 Discussing and debating art"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 4 outcome 1 Discussing and debating art VCE ArtUnit 4 outcome 1Discussing and debating artLarissa FENG
2SCULPTURE/INSTALLATIONS: The techniques and materials used by contemporary artists often question longevity and the artist as the sole creator. Discuss with relevance to the work of artists.Good morning, class. Today’s topic is about sculpture and installations. The techniques and materials used by contemporary artists often question longevity and the artist as the sole creator. Discuss with relevance to the work of artists. So you will be completing a range of worksheets focusing on the use of the analytical frameworks while I’m presenting. At the end you will be directed into discussions and debates about an art issue within the information presented.
3sculptureSculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials, typically stone such as marble, metal, glass, or wood, or plastic materials such as clay, textiles, polymers and softer metals. The term has been extended to works including sound, text and light.First of all, let me guide you through the introduction of sculpture and installations.(Read above)
4sculptureSculptors have generally sought to produce works of art that are as permanent as possible, working in durable and frequently expensive materials such as bronze and stone. More common and less expensive materials were used for sculpture for wider consumption, including glass, hardwoods, terracotta and other ceramics, and cast metals.(Read above)
5sculptureMany sculptors seek new ways and materials to make art. Jim Gary used stained glass and automobile parts, tools, machine parts, and hardware. One of Pablo Picasso's most famous sculptures included bicycle parts. Alexander Calder and other modernists made spectacular use of painted steel. Since the 1960s, acrylics and other plastics have been used as well.(Read above)
6sculptureExamplesHere are 2 examples of sculpture. On the left there is a traditional sculpture made by Michelangelo. On the right there is a modernist sculpture created by Alexander Calder.Pietà by Michelangelo Crinkly avec disc rouge by Alexander Calder
7Installation artInstallation art describes an artistic genre of site-specific, three-dimensional works designed to transform the perception of a space.It is believed that installation art has developed from sculpture and is a kind of sculpture.(Read above)
8Installation artGenerally, the term is applied to interior spaces, whereas exterior interventions are often called Land art; however the boundaries between these terms overlap. Installation art can be either temporary or permanent. Installation artworks have been constructed in exhibition spaces such as museums and galleries, as well as public and private spaces. The genre incorporates a very broad range of everyday and natural materials, which are often chosen for their evocative qualities, as well as new media such as video, sound, performance and the internet.(Read above)
9Installation art Example Here is an example of installations exhibited in London.So there are difference between sculpture and installation. Sculpture remains individual objects that the viewer can navigate their way around them and view them from different angles but ultimately there remains a barrier between the work and the viewer. An installation would invite the viewer to enter directly into the space of the work and maybe even into the work itself.Today I’m going to introduce two Australian artists both of whom were representatives of Australia at the Venice Biennale. They are both working on sculpture and installations but in distinctive styles.Embankment by Rachel Whitread at Tate Modern in London
10Ricky swallow Represented Australia at the 2005 Venice Biennale One of them is Ricky Swallow. We have seen some of his works in Bronwyn’s presentation last week. He creates painstakingly detailed pieces and installations in a variety of media, often utilizing objects of everyday life as well as the body. His career has enjoyed a meteoric rise since winning the NGV’s prestigious Contempora 5 art prize in Since then, Swallow has exhibited in the UK, Europe and the United States, and represented Australia at the 2005 Venice Biennale. Swallow is well known for his careful craftsmanship and conceptual ideas in his works in relation to the contemporary society.Represented Australia at the Venice Biennale
11The Bricoleur Exhibition Ricky swallowThe Bricoleur ExhibitionThis is his solo exhibition held in the NGV last year.
12Ricky swallow Longeron http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-CIHmuk6nzk 2009 Jelutong35 x 120 x 43 cmAnd we will focus on this work – Longeron. We’ll be watching a video of Swallow talking about this work himself.
13Art appreciation activity – Formal framework Ricky swallowAnalyze how the artwork’s formal elements and principles contribute to its meanings to messages based on the information provided in the video clips.Art appreciation activity – Formal frameworkNow please have a look at the worksheets. Activity 1. What I like you to do is to analyze the formal elements and principles within the artwork based on the information provided in the video in terms of visual analysis, technique, style, symbols and metaphors in 2 minutes.Anyone likes to share their opinions?(Swallow’s art explores themes of life and death, time and its passing, mortality and immortality. He particularly focuses upon the way memory is distilled within objects, reminding us of our deep, symbiotic relationship to everyday stuff.)
14Model for a Sunken Monument Ricky swallowModel for a Sunken Monument1999MDF, acrylic110 x 220 x 150 cmThis is called Model for a Sunken Monument. Swallow creates it based on the image of Darth Vader – the well-known character in George Lucas’s Star Wars films.
15Interviewed at Gertrude Street Artist Space in 2000 Ricky swallow“This piece is called ‘Model for a sunken monument’. It is basically an enlargement of a 3d puzzle which I've scaled up out of proportion to look like it’s quite monolithic or monumental. I've used Darth Vader as a subject before and I'm interested in him because obviously he is quite a popular reference to people of our generation. But also it is quite a minimal character - I like the idea of softening his surface or making him kind of more malleable or molten if you like.”“This was a more ambitious piece for me - I had to get people in to help me, just because of the pure size of it. And basically cut it out of MDF wood, I think it is about 87 pieces all together and they were screwed together as sections which lock into each other. I like the idea that is much heavier than it actually looks. All the detail is achieved by the changing sizes of the layers. And what I said about the last piece being interested in alternative histories I guess with this again …also is a reference to the end of Planet of the Apes where they find a Statue of Liberty sunken into the ground as a kind of hint to the lost civilization that is going to be marooned or turned upside down.”Interviewed at Gertrude Street Artist Space in 2000Here is Swallow’s description of this work. ……, could you read the 1st paragraph to us? And ……, the 2nd paragraph, thank you!
16Art appreciation activity – Contemporary framework Ricky swallowDiscuss the contemporary characteristics related to Swallow’s work Model for a sunken monument in pairs.Art appreciation activity – Contemporary frameworkNow, back to the worksheets. Activity 2. In pairs discuss the contemporary characteristics related to the work. You’ve got 2 minutes to do it.Anyone would like to talk about it?(This sculpture’s commemorative role is achieved through the medium’s ability to ‘freeze’ its subject in the past, as soon as the work is complete. There is a certain irony to the artist’s inadvertent claims―sculptor of monuments ― his choice of ‘bad guy’ sitter, and the fact that this work captures a moment in what appears to be its own demise.)This work can also be referenced when talking about appropriation.
17Patricia piccinini Represented Australia at the 2003 Venice Biennale The other artist is Patricia Piccinini. She is a hyperrealist sculptor. Her artworks came to prominence in Australia in the late 1990s. In 2003 she was selected as the artist to represent Australia at the Venice Biennale.She is one of Australia’s most acclaimed contemporary artists whose startling sculptures examine the connections between science and nature, art and the environment. Audiences are drawn to Piccinini’s sculptures because they appear so real, yet they are creatures of the artist’s imagination developed to consider a strange new world of artificial or mutant beings derived from experimental biotechnology. She is one of type of artist who works with fabricators to produce her works.Represented Australia at the Venice Biennale
18Exhibition at Artium in Spain Patricia piccininiExhibition at Artium in SpainThis is her solo exhibition held in Spain. And I’ll let her speak for herself about the artworks. Just focus on the sculpture and installations she mentions while watching.
19Art appreciation activity – Personal framework Patricia piccininiSummarize Piccinini’s personal interpretation of the meanings and messages within her sculpture and installations according to the video.Write down your personal interpretation of Piccinini’s works.Art appreciation activity – Personal frameworkBack to the worksheets again. Activity 3. Please summarize Piccinini’s personal interpretation of the meanings and messages within her sculpture and installations according to the video. Then write down your personal interpretation of her works. 2 minutes.Who would like to share their opinions?(Piccinini’s sculptures are created using a combination of materials such as silicone, fiberglass and human hair, familiar yet fantastical in their depiction of possible future species and their interaction with human beings. Often confronting yet endearingly vulnerable, her sculptures give form to her fascination with the relationship between the ‘natural’ and the ‘artificial’ while asserting the power of social relationships, love and communication.)
20Patricia piccinini http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wCrNVHGHr5w The Gathering2006digital video3 minutesratio 16:9This is a digital video directed by Piccinini and made by her fabricators. I know it might be a little bit off the topic because it’s not actually sculpture or installation, but it’s quite an interesting film that I’d like to share with you. I personally believe those little creatures appearing in film are created by Patricia, although I couldn’t find hard evidence of it. Let’s have a look at the film.
21Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework Patricia piccininiPiccinini combines two important influences in The Gathering – popular culture and art history. The opening vignettes and the unusual soundtrack are reminiscent of the techniques used in suspense and thriller movies. Like most suspense films made in the past fifty years, the setting for The Gathering is far removed from the Gothic mansions of earlier traditions. The sense of suspense is heightened when the strange and unexpected threatens the everyday or commonplace.Art appreciation activity – Cultural frameworkThere is a description of this work.
22Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework Patricia piccininiThe Gathering exemplifies the notion of the ‘uncanny’, first discussed by Sigmund Freud in Freud linked the uncanny specifically to the home, hence for Freud the uncanny was experienced when the home or something familiar is rendered unhomely and unfamiliar.Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
23Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework Patricia piccininiThe Gathering also references Surrealist painting traditions. The dramatic focus on everyday details within the house renders the familiar, strange. This tendency to make the home unfamiliar or ‘uncanny’ is found in the work of many Surrealist artists including Dorothea Tanning and Pierre Roy who also stage unexpected encounters within the home environment in their paintings.Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework
24Art appreciation activity – Cultural framework Patricia piccininiIn groups brainstorm the cultural influences upon The Gathering.Art appreciation activity – Cultural frameworkNow please turn to the worksheet again. Activity 4. In groups brainstorm the cultural influences upon The Gathering. 2 minutes.Any thoughts and ideas about the cultural influences?
25Discussing & debatingNow it’s discussing and debating time.
26Discuss in groups: Do you think the role of the artist has changed Discuss in groups: Do you think the role of the artist has changed? How do you feel about Ricky Swallow crafts most of his works by himself, while Patricia Piccinini has people to produce her works? Clarify your own position about this issue based on the information provided today.Discuss this issue in groups: Do you think the role of the artist has changed? How do you feel about Ricky Swallow crafts most of his works by himself, while Patricia Piccinini has people to produce her works? Clarify your own position about this issue based on the information provided today.Sorry I have to stop you now because of the time limit. Who would like to talk about it?
27HomeworkFor homework, this is a worksheet comparing the two artists and their artworks requiring all the analytical framework to be used. We don’t have enough time to do all of them at once on both of the artists, so you should complete it after class. The artworks here are the ones I didn’t mention in the presentation, so have a look at the sheets I gave you or you could also do some background research of the artworks. I’ll collect them next time.