Presentation on theme: "Opportunity Pathways to Careers Transfers HECC 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Opportunity Pathways to Careers Transfers HECC 2015
Opportunity Pathways to Careers Updating & Upgrading the 2+2 System The original 2+2 System which fueled the spectacular growth and success state colleges, state universities and independent colleges and universities over the past 50 years was a simple design…two years of general studies…two years of major studies. Times have changed, students have changed, technology has changed. High school students are earning college credits at school, on campuses and online. Non-traditional students are returning to finish their degrees started long ago. More college credits are being earned more ways than ever before; but navigating these new routes to a bachelor’s degree without wasting time or money is a daunting challenge. Today’s technologies and the nation’s roadways can route anyone from anywhere to any destination nationwide, using Global Positioning Systems (GPS). Higher Education needs a comparable Graduation Pathways System that routes today’s students … high school, traditional and non-traditional to their bachelor’s degree. The goal of this transfer project is to update and upgrade Florida’s 2+2 system, creating clear pathways for Florida students to their bachelor’s degrees and successful careers. 2
3 Florida’s Education Design envisions students advancing upward educationally and then moving outward to jobs and careers. Public & Private K-12 Schools Home Schools State Colleges ICUF Technical Centers Proprietary SUS ICUF State Colleges Proprietary SUS ICUF Proprietary Workforce Talent Global Talent Growth Talent Advanced Degrees Bachelor’s Degrees Certificates, AS & AA Degrees H. S. Diploma InputsOutputsOutcomes FETPIP Diplomas
4 This transfer project’s focus is: 1) Dual Enrollment Bachelor Degree Credits Earned to Transfer; 2) the Number of AA Degree Awards & Transfer Routing; and 3) Upper Division Capacity for AA Completers Transfer. Public & Private K-12 Schools Home Schools State Colleges ICUF Technical Center Proprietary SUS ICUF State Colleges Proprietary SUS ICUF Proprietary Workforce Talent Global Talent Growth Talent Advanced Degrees Bachelor’s Degrees Certificates, AS & AA Degrees H. S. Diploma InputsOutputsOutcomes FETPIP Diplomas TRANSFERSTRANSFERS AVAILABLE BA/BS DEGREE PRODUCTION CAPACITY
5 A follow-up project (which has its own unique set of challenges) for HECC would focus on increasing course credits toward AS degrees and then on to bachelor’s degrees. Public & Private K-12 Schools Home Schools State Colleges ICUF Technical Centers Proprietary SUS ICUF State Colleges Proprietary SUS ICUF Proprietary Workforce Talent Global Talent Growth Talent Advanced Degrees Bachelor’s Degrees Certificates, AS & AA Degrees H. S. Diploma InputsOutputsOutcomes FETPIP Diplomas TRANSFERSTRANSFERS AVAILABLE BA/BS DEGREE PRODUCTION CAPACITY TRANSFERSTRANSFERS
6 An Internship-Externship Program would be an ideal bridge from classroom lessons to workplace learning, employment and careers Public & Private K-12 Schools Home Schools State Colleges ICUF Technical Centers Proprietary SUS ICUF State Colleges Proprietary SUS ICUF Proprietary Workforce Talent Global Talent Growth Talent Advanced Degrees Bachelor’s Degrees Certificates, AS & AA Degrees H. S. Diploma InputsOutputsOutcomes FETPIP Diplomas INTERNSHIP-EXTERNSHIP TRANSFERSTRANSFERS AVAILABLE BA/BS DEGREE PRODUCTION CAPACITY
Transfers INCREASE CREDITS EARNED TOWARD BACHELOR’S DEGREES DUAL ENROLLMENT BACHELOR DEGREE CREDITS EARNED TO TRANSFER THE NUMBER OF AA DEGREE AWARDS & IMPROVE TRANSFER ROUTING UPPER DIVISION CAPACITY FOR AA COMPLETERS TRANSFER 7
The Challenges of Direction & Velocity In its time, the 2+2 System was perfectly attuned to its time. one community college one AA degree one transfer one university one bachelor’s degree. Today, that “2 years +2 years” design is challenged and requires upgrading. High school, traditional and non-traditional students present unique challenges in an increasingly mobile and technology-driven world … the challenges of direction & velocity to complete a bachelor’s degree. “How do I get there?” “How fast can I get there?” “Does anyone get there faster?” “How much should taxpayers pay?” 8
The 3 rd Factor But there is a third factor in this equation besides Direction and Velocity that must be unraveled. Fuel Both an individual’s fuel, the funding that an individual brings to pay their educational and living expenses while studying And donors’ fuel, the funding that federal, foundation, state, institutional and local donors add. Individuals are higher education consumers making their investment decisions. And donors are making investment decisions, as well. 9 Direction & Velocity Fuel
10 Dual Enrollment Profile Florida College System has 50,000+ dual enrollment students in both AA and AS courses and a funding support design that rewards both schools and colleges while keeping student costs low or at zero. State Universities have 5,000+ dual enrollment students. Many ICUF institutions have dual enrollment programs but do not receive funding support, including Adventist, Nova, Florida Tech, Embry-Riddle, Lynn, Southeastern and Florida Southern, which charge a discounted tuition as a recruitment, early-admission strategy. Proprietary institutions are not allowed to have dual enrollment programs. Dual Enrollment Bachelor’s Degree Credits Earned to Transfer High school students in Florida have a variety of avenues by which they can earn college credit. These opportunities, known as articulated acceleration mechanisms, include Dual Enrollment, Advanced Placement (AP), the International Baccalaureate (IB), and Advanced International Certificate of Education (AICE). The Dual Enrollment program allows an eligible secondary or home education student (a 3.0 un-weighted grade point average (GPA) for enrollment in college-level courses) to enroll in a postsecondary course creditable toward high school completion and an associate or baccalaureate degree. Upon successful completion of a dual enrollment course, that student simultaneously receives high school and college/university credit. College credit earned prior to high school graduation may reduce the average time-to-degree and increase the likelihood of completion of a postsecondary degree. Eligible students are permitted to enroll in dual enrollment courses conducted during and after school hours and during the summer term. Ten of Florida’s 12 State University System (SUS) institutions and 28 Florida College System (FCS) institutions currently participate in Dual Enrollment and share in funding support for these programs. Independent higher education institutions may participate in Dual Enrollment Programs without funding support. Proprietary institutions may not participate in Dual Enrollment Programs. (From - House Education Committee – Education Facts 2014)
Challenges of Dual Enrollment Bachelor Degree Credits Earned to Transfer What actions would improve the direction and velocity of dual enrollment students? Discussion Are there dual enrollment alternatives, inducements or modifications that boost student success? 11
12 AA Degree Profile The Florida College System had 348,089 AA students in 2012-2013 and awarded 57,690 AA degrees. AA degree output has increased in the past four years by 42%. And the percentage completers to total enrollment increased from 14% to 17%. 2013-2014 AA enrollments include: 1 st time in college 49,499 full-time/32,196 part-time and 10,448 full-time transfers and 13,538 part-time transfers. ICUF Institutions have a smaller mix of AA and AS degrees, totaling 5,004 in 2013-2014 awarded by 13 institutions. Most of these degrees, however were AS degrees. The Number of AA Degree Awards & Improve Transfer Routing Sixty-five percent of Florida’s high school graduates enroll in a state college. And nearly 2/3 rd of upper division students on state university campuses have been state college students. Nationally, over 80% of community college students intend to earn at least a bachelor’s degree but only about one quarter end up transferring (20% of these students earn an associate degree first). Only 17% complete a bachelor’s degree. Most transfer to public institutions (72%), with smaller shares transferring to private non-profit (20%) and for-profit (8%). Those who transfer to public 4-year institutions complete at a rate of 65%. Those transferring to private non-profits complete at a rate of 60% and those transferring to a private for-profit complete at a rate of 35%. A 2009 national transcript study found that students transferring to a private non-profit transfer 21% fewer credits than students transferring to a public college; students transferring to a private for-profit college transferred 52% fewer credits. Additionally, because bachelor’s degree programs vary by major, many transferred credits do not apply toward a specific major in all sectors. Addressing inefficiencies and barriers in the transfer process requires considerable institutional commitment in order to enact change in institutional practices related to curriculum alignment, support services, information management and collaboration across two and four year institutions. These efforts, though significant, are worth the cost. (From – Community College Research Center – 2015)
13 Total Degrees/Certificates Annually Awarded, 2012-13 - 105,886 ■ Bachelors Degree Program - 5,009 AA Degrees - 57,690 AS Degrees - 14,464 Vocational & College Credit Certificates - 26,773
14 ICUF Associate’s Degrees 13 ICUF institutions awarded Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degrees during 2013-14. 5,004 degrees were awarded. Source: U.S. Department of Education, IPEDS.
15 Track 1 Dual EnrollmentTrack 2 Dual Enrollment Track 1 AA DegreeTrack 2 AA Degree Transfer Success = Acceptance of all credits in a chosen major at a desired institution Open Bachelor‘s Programs Limited Enrollment or Required Pre-Requisite Bachelor’s Programs AA Graduates Are Often Not Able to transfer directly into Their Chosen Major or to Their Preferred Institution or Both, Because They Haven’t Taken Pre-Requisite Courses Required for Admission or the Program is Full. The Sooner a Student Knows Which Track They Are on the More Likely They Will Get to Where They Want to Go.
Challenges of the Number of AA Degree Awards & Improve Transfer Routing What actions would improve the direction and velocity of AA degree-seeking students to bachelor’s degree completion? Discussion Could a Graduation Pathways System (GPS) provide each AA student with a route or several routes to bachelor’s degree success? 16
17 Post-Secondary Profile Programs for Student – 13,559 CIE – 7,855 DCAE – 1,012 FCS – 1,356 ICUF – 1,557 SUS – 1,779 Main, Branch & Satellite Sites - 366 SUS - 43 ICUF – 145 FCS - 178 Bachelor’s Degree Program - 3,460 On-Line Bachelor’s Degrees - 238 SUS – 75 ICUF – 135 FCS – 28 Talent Net–Virtual Campus Registry-FLDOE/ICUF Upper Division Capacity for AA Completers Transfer Increasing Dual Enrollment credits earned by high school students is a manageable challenge. It serves student, school and college interests. Students can earn both high school and bachelor’s degree credits at nearly no cost, lowering their bachelor’s degree and borrowing costs. Public, private and home school students add challenging college-level courses to their studies. Colleges get motivated recruits, starting and hopefully continuing at their institution. Increasing the number of AA degrees awarded is a manageable challenge. AA enrollments are already growing at State Colleges and Florida’s general population is again increasing. As dual enrollments and AA enrollments grow, the daunting challenge is to create clear pathways to a bachelor’s degree for each of those dual enrollment and AA completers … highlighting their best direction and velocity. College-bound students are already changing direction and velocity on their own, driven by pragmatism, cost and the job market. According to a Wall Street Journal sample, nationally and in Florida during the past 10 years, freshmen with undeclared majors have dropped from 1/3 to single digits. This trend will transform higher education in Florida during the next 10 years. It will demand a focus on both existing capacity and establishing new capacity.
18 Florida A&M University Florida Atlantic University Florida Gulf Coast University Florida International University Florida State University New College of Florida University of Central Florida University of Florida University of North Florida University of West Florida University of South Florida Florida Polytechnic University Main Campus Branch Campus Instructional Site Special Purpose Center IFAS Extension Office State University Instructional Locations The SUS has 3 territories for both destination and local students, full-time and part-time.
19 In 2011-2012, the SUS awarded 57,489 Bachelor’s Degrees; 20,076 (35%) of those receiving their bachelor’s degree were FCS AA transfers. Excess Credit Hours Tuition Fees are phasing in to induce more rapid completion. In the first cohort AA transfers covered, 69% completed their bachelor’s degree without triggering the penalty at 120% of required credits. But what impact does or can dual enrollment have on the three green bars.
20 ICUF statewide presence serves more than 150,000 students and has 145 educational sites in 31 of Florida’s 67 counties. But what impact can they have on dual enrollment or AA transfers? The ICUF has both destination and local student institutions with their own mix of full-time and part-time students, as well.
21 Five state colleges have a single site. Fourteen have 5 or more sites and statewide the system has upwards of 178 sites.
22 ICUF Trends in Degrees in Education Awards Predicting demand and supply can be difficult and wasteful, losing some capacity and building new capacity that may not be needed for long. The annual total number of ICUF education degrees have decreased 34% since 2005. Around 1,000 fewer education bachelor’s awarded.
23 The annual total number of SUS education degrees have only slightly increased a modest 2% since 2005. Around 300 additional education degree awarded, mostly driven by growth at UCF. SUS Trends in Education Degree Awards
24 Florida College System education bachelor’s degrees have increased 680% since 2005. Around 700 additional education bachelor’s degrees were awarded in 2013-2014. But these numbers do not make up for total reductions in teacher education degrees. Trends in Education Degree Awards
25 Other Teacher Preparation Trends Other state and national programs prepare teachers for Florida schools: Other states’ higher education institutions Educator Preparation Institutes (EPI): Annual completions peaked in 2008-09 but have declined steadily since Teach for America: In Florida, TFA is in only Duval and Miami-Dade Counties, with 180 and 280 teachers, two- year recruits respectively
Challenges to increase Upper Division Capacity for Additional AA Completers Transfer What actions would increase upper division capacity for additional AA completers transfers? Discussion 27
Continue Information & Data Gathering of Sites and Programs Survey ICUF Institutions on their Dual Enrollment, AA programs and AA Transfer Capacity - Share Survey Design with SUS, FCS and Proprietary Staffs Profile demographic projects of Florida Counties 2020 & 2025. Gather a List of Recommended Solutions Convene a HECC Staff Session After the End of the Legislative Session to Work Through Data, Survey Results and Recommended Solutions Discuss Transfer Project with FACU, ICUF Presidents Council, Board of Governors and Board of Education During the Summer Review Fuel Issues and Ideas Discuss Progress at HECC Session Next Steps 28