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1 电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 17. Vocabulary (See Page 129.) fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 liposuctionn. 吸脂术 liposuctionn.

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Presentation on theme: "1 电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 17. Vocabulary (See Page 129.) fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 liposuctionn. 吸脂术 liposuctionn."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 17. Vocabulary (See Page 129.) fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 fadn. 时尚,一时流行的狂热 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 hypnotherapyn. 催眠疗法 liposuctionn. 吸脂术 liposuctionn. 吸脂术 counselingn. 咨询 counselingn. 咨询 obsessionn. 困扰 obsessionn. 困扰 witherv. 凋谢,消亡,枯萎 witherv. 凋谢,消亡,枯萎 manicuren. 修指甲 manicuren. 修指甲 proceedsn. 收益 proceedsn. 收益 diabetesn. 糖尿病 diabetesn. 糖尿病 underwritingv. 投保 underwritingv. 投保

3 2 电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 17. Vocabulary (See Page 129.) bulgen. 凸出部分 bulgen. 凸出部分 spurv. 鞭策,刺激 spurv. 鞭策,刺激 philanthropistn. 慈善家 philanthropistn. 慈善家 entrepreneurn. 企业家 entrepreneurn. 企业家 donatev. 捐赠 donatev. 捐赠 charityn. 慈善团体 charityn. 慈善团体 spectaculara. 壮观的 spectaculara. 壮观的 baccalaureaten. 学士学位 baccalaureaten. 学士学位 auditionn. 试演 auditionn. 试演

4 3 Part One Core Listening Dialogue: Spare Time and Work hairdresser: n. One who cuts or arranges hair. (做女发的) 理发师,美容师 hairdresser: n. One who cuts or arranges hair. (做女发的) 理发师,美容师 a little bit: a little, a bit 一点,少量 a little bit: a little, a bit 一点,少量 ’cause: because ( informal ) ’cause: because ( informal ) in charge of: responsible for 负责 in charge of: responsible for 负责 I’m doing my older house up: I’m converting older house. I’m doing my older house up: I’m converting older house. Why does this mean you get paint and wallpaper cheap…? 为什么这意味着你能买到便宜的油漆和墙纸 … ? Why does this mean you get paint and wallpaper cheap…? 为什么这意味着你能买到便宜的油漆和墙纸 … ? salon: n. A commercial establishment offering a product or service related to fashion. E.g. a hair ~ 发廊 salon: n. A commercial establishment offering a product or service related to fashion. E.g. a hair ~ 发廊

5 4 Part One Core Listening Passage 1 A Great Loss hypnotherapy: n. a treatment of producing a sleep-like state in which an illness is said to be cured 催眠疗法 hypnotherapy: n. a treatment of producing a sleep-like state in which an illness is said to be cured 催眠疗法 liposuction: n. the surgical withdrawal of excess fat from under the skin 吸脂术 liposuction: n. the surgical withdrawal of excess fat from under the skin 吸脂术 counseling: n. asking for advice, seeking information 咨询 counseling: n. asking for advice, seeking information 咨询 therapy: n. Treatment of illness or disability. 治疗 therapy: n. Treatment of illness or disability. 治疗 obsession: n. preoccupation, morbid persistence of an idea in the mind 困扰 obsession: n. preoccupation, morbid persistence of an idea in the mind 困扰 wither: v. to fade or become dry, to lose freshness 凋谢枯萎 wither: v. to fade or become dry, to lose freshness 凋谢枯萎 other than: apart from, except from; different from; unlike other than: apart from, except from; different from; unlike

6 5 Part One Core Listening Passage 1 A Great Loss sign on: register by signing one’s name sign on: register by signing one’s name manicure: n. professional treatment of hands and nails manicure: n. professional treatment of hands and nails donate: v. To present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute donate: v. To present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute cure: n., v. A method or course of medical treatment used to restore health cure: n., v. A method or course of medical treatment used to restore health kick in: open up 展开 kick in: open up 展开 underwriting: v. to agree to buy from a company (all the shares not bought by the public) 投保 underwriting: v. to agree to buy from a company (all the shares not bought by the public) 投保 bulge: n. protruding part of a surface ( implying to her big fat ) 凸出部分 bulge: n. protruding part of a surface ( implying to her big fat ) 凸出部分

7 6 Part One Core Listening Passage 2 NYU Arts Scholarship Fellowship: n. The financial grant made to a fellow in a college or university. 研究员薪金 Fellowship: n. The financial grant made to a fellow in a college or university. 研究员薪金 Spur: v. To incite or stimulate: 刺激,鞭策 Spur: v. To incite or stimulate: 刺激,鞭策 Multimillionaire: n. One whose financial assets are worth several million dollars. 千万富翁 Multimillionaire: n. One whose financial assets are worth several million dollars. 千万富翁 Philanthropist: n. a person who is kind and helpful to those who are poor or in trouble, esp. by making generous gifts of money. 慈善家 Philanthropist: n. a person who is kind and helpful to those who are poor or in trouble, esp. by making generous gifts of money. 慈善家 sponsorship: n. 赞助者的地位, 任务等 sponsorship: n. 赞助者的地位, 任务等 Metropolitan: a. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a major city: 大城 市的,大部会的 Metropolitan: a. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a major city: 大城 市的,大部会的 Harbor:v. To entertain or nourish (a specified thought or feeling): 持有 或酝酿(某种特殊的思想或感情) Harbor:v. To entertain or nourish (a specified thought or feeling): 持有 或酝酿(某种特殊的思想或感情)

8 7 Part One Core Listening Passage 2 NYU Arts Scholarship Entrepreneur: n. a person who making the plan for a business or a piece of work and get it going, usually with considerable risk. 企业家 Entrepreneur: n. a person who making the plan for a business or a piece of work and get it going, usually with considerable risk. 企业家 an array of: A group of, many an array of: A group of, many Amateur: n. A person who engages in an art, a science, a study, or an athletic activity as a pastime rather than as a profession. 业余爱好者 Amateur: n. A person who engages in an art, a science, a study, or an athletic activity as a pastime rather than as a profession. 业余爱好者 Infrastructure: n. An underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or a system. 基础 Infrastructure: n. An underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or a system. 基础 Set design: stage background design. 布景设计 Set design: stage background design. 布景设计 Spectacular: a. Of the nature of a spectacle; impressive or sensational. 壮 观的 Spectacular: a. Of the nature of a spectacle; impressive or sensational. 壮 观的 Audition: n. The sense or power of hearing. 听觉效果 Audition: n. The sense or power of hearing. 听觉效果

9 8 Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises I. Listening Comprehension DialogueDo it Yourself Make alterations to the house: modify the house to fit my disabled son. Make alterations to the house: modify the house to fit my disabled son. Carpentry: n. work that a carpenter does; the skills that a carpenter has. 木工手艺 Carpentry: n. work that a carpenter does; the skills that a carpenter has. 木工手艺 Electrics: knowledge and skills about electricity 电学 Electrics: knowledge and skills about electricity 电学 Handicapped: a. Physically or mentally disabled: 残疾的, 有生理缺 陷的 Handicapped: a. Physically or mentally disabled: 残疾的, 有生理缺 陷的 Corridor: n. A narrow hallway, passageway, or gallery, often with rooms or apartments opening onto it. 走廊 Corridor: n. A narrow hallway, passageway, or gallery, often with rooms or apartments opening onto it. 走廊 Burglar: n. One who commits burglary. 窃贼 Burglar: n. One who commits burglary. 窃贼 Wheelchair: n. A chair mounted on large wheels for the use of a sick or disabled person Wheelchair: n. A chair mounted on large wheels for the use of a sick or disabled person

10 9 Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises PassageNY Econ Wrap One-and-a-third percent:1 1/3 % One-and-a-third percent:1 1/3 % weight: v. To assign weights or a weight to. 使加权 weight: v. To assign weights or a weight to. 使加权 Technology-weighted NASDAQ composite closed more than three percent lower: 纳斯达克技术加权综合指数收盘下跌 3% 强。 Technology-weighted NASDAQ composite closed more than three percent lower: 纳斯达克技术加权综合指数收盘下跌 3% 强。 shedding about 57points. 下跌约 7 点 Shedding: dropping shedding about 57points. 下跌约 7 点 Shedding: dropping Manufacturing sector: manufacturing industry 制造行业 Manufacturing sector: manufacturing industry 制造行业 Contract: To reduce in size by drawing together; shrink. 收缩 Contract: To reduce in size by drawing together; shrink. 收缩 Sharply: suddenly and quickly 急剧地 Sharply: suddenly and quickly 急剧地

11 10 Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises PassageNY Econ Wrap Investor: n. a person who make money by investing securities market. Investor: n. a person who make money by investing securities market. Another interest rate cut: 再次削减利率 Another interest rate cut: 再次削减利率 Market-watcher: an expert who gives professional analysis and advice about financial markets. 市场观察员 Market-watcher: an expert who gives professional analysis and advice about financial markets. 市场观察员 Substantially: adv. Greatly, considerably 相当大地 Substantially: adv. Greatly, considerably 相当大地 Prompt: v. To give rise to; inspire, spur 唤起;激起 Prompt: v. To give rise to; inspire, spur 唤起;激起 Aggressive: a. Assertive, bold, and enterprising: 积极的、大 胆的 Aggressive: a. Assertive, bold, and enterprising: 积极的、大 胆的 Sees the labor market easing: see the employment improved 看到就业市场缓解(表明企业准备发展) Sees the labor market easing: see the employment improved 看到就业市场缓解(表明企业准备发展)

12 11 Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises Passage NY Econ Wrap Recession: n. An extended decline in general business activity, typically three consecutive quarters of falling real gross national product(GNP). 经济衰退 Recession: n. An extended decline in general business activity, typically three consecutive quarters of falling real gross national product(GNP). 经济衰退 Bounce back: (of economy) restore, return to normal state Bounce back: (of economy) restore, return to normal state II. Dictation Gorilla: n. The largest of the anthropoid apes (Gorilla gorilla) native to the forests of equatorial Africa, having a stocky body and coarse, dark brown or black hair. 大猩猩 Gorilla: n. The largest of the anthropoid apes (Gorilla gorilla) native to the forests of equatorial Africa, having a stocky body and coarse, dark brown or black hair. 大猩猩

13 12 Part Three Supplementary Listening Dialogue Shopping What is it you’re looking for: What are you looking for? What is it you’re looking for: What are you looking for? Made to measure: customize clothes by certain specifications 量身定做 Made to measure: customize clothes by certain specifications 量身定做 Extravagant: a. taking too much expenditure: 浪费的, 花费 过多 Extravagant: a. taking too much expenditure: 浪费的, 花费 过多 Luxurious: a. Marked by or contributing to luxury. 奢华的, 豪华的 Luxurious: a. Marked by or contributing to luxury. 奢华的, 豪华的 Daring: a. Willing to take or seek out risks; bold and venturesome. 大胆的 Daring: a. Willing to take or seek out risks; bold and venturesome. 大胆的 Hit the nail right on the head: hit the right nail on the head, or hit the nail on the head 正中要害 Hit the nail right on the head: hit the right nail on the head, or hit the nail on the head 正中要害 Set the fashion: v. 开创新风尚 Set the fashion: v. 开创新风尚

14 13 Part Three Supplementary Listening Passage 1 Dell Boy Makes Good Cut one’s teeth on something: To learn or do as a beginner or at the start of one‘s career. 初学乍练作为初学者或在某人职业的开端学着做 Cut one’s teeth on something: To learn or do as a beginner or at the start of one‘s career. 初学乍练作为初学者或在某人职业的开端学着做 Devised a marketing scheme: worked out a marketing plan 策划出一套营 销方案 Devised a marketing scheme: worked out a marketing plan 策划出一套营 销方案 Dabble: v. To undertake something superficially or without serious intent. 涉足 Dabble: v. To undertake something superficially or without serious intent. 涉足 Spark: v. To set in motion; activate: 发动;触发 Spark: v. To set in motion; activate: 发动;触发 Take apart: separate 拆开 Take apart: separate 拆开 Bulletin board: A system that enables users to send or read messages that are of general interest and addressed to no particular person. 电子公告板 Bulletin board: A system that enables users to send or read messages that are of general interest and addressed to no particular person. 电子公告板 Swap ideas: exchange ideas Swap ideas: exchange ideas make a fortune: make a lot of money 发财致富 make a fortune: make a lot of money 发财致富

15 14 Part Three Supplementary Listening Passage 2 Private Management of Public Schools Sparks Controversy Step up effort: v. try one best 努力 Step up effort: v. try one best 努力 Alternative: n. One of a number of methods from which one must be chosen. Alternative: n. One of a number of methods from which one must be chosen. Privatization: n. a process to change (an industry or a business, for example) from governmental or public ownership or control to private enterprise: 私有化 Privatization: n. a process to change (an industry or a business, for example) from governmental or public ownership or control to private enterprise: 私有化 Picket sign: 示威标语牌 Picket sign: 示威标语牌 For and against the proposition: 支持和反对该项主张 For and against the proposition: 支持和反对该项主张

16 15 Part Three Supplementary Listening Passage 2 Private Management of Public Schools Sparks Controversy No-lose: 没有输者 No-lose: 没有输者 Politicize: v. To make political: 使 … 政治化 Politicize: v. To make political: 使 … 政治化 Perspective: n. Subjective evaluation of relative significance; a point of view: 观点,看法 Perspective: n. Subjective evaluation of relative significance; a point of view: 观点,看法 Daunting: a. discouraging, depressing 使人气馁的,沮丧 的 Daunting: a. discouraging, depressing 使人气馁的,沮丧 的


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