Presentation on theme: "Passive Voice to be + V 3(ed/3form). The Passive: form and use In an active sentence, the subject is the “doer” of the action who performs the action."— Presentation transcript:
The Passive: form and use In an active sentence, the subject is the “doer” of the action who performs the action of the verb. In a passive sentence, the object of the active verb becomes the subject. Compare: SubjectActionobject ActiveA thiefstolemy bag PassiveMy bagwasstolen
We use the Passive: When the doer is not known or not important e.g. My wallet has been stolen.( I don’t know who ) The castle was built in 995.(not important who did). When the doer is obvious or “people in general” The thief was arrested (it is the job of the police to arrest people. Cars are made in many countries.
“To be” in Grammar Tenses SimpleContinuousPerfectPerfect Continuous Am / is / are am being Is being are being Have been Has been вместо отсутствующих форм Perfect Continuous Was Were Was being Were being Had been употребляются формы Perfect Will be Употребляется форма Future Simple Will have been _____
How we form the Passive: We form the passive with an appropriate form of “ be +past participle”. To form negative sentences, we put not after be. My bag wasn’ t stolen. To make questions, we put be before the subject: Was my bag stolen?
Practice. 1. Sondre Norheim invented the spectacular sport. 2. People hold the first competitions in the 1840s. 3. They found the oldest skis in Sweden. 4. Hunters have used skis for transport. 5. Ski resorts organize the games. 1
1. The spectacular sport was invented by Sondre Notheim. 2. The first competitions were held in the 1840s. 3. The oldest skis were found in Sweden. 4. Skis have been used for transport. 5. The games are organized by ski resorts.
Practice:write sentences,use the passive Kimonos/ wear/ in Japan - Kimonos are worn in Japan. The new bridge/ finish/ next year - The new drug/ not test/ yet - Spaghetti/ make/ from wheat - Paper/ invent/ in China - 500 flats/ build / last year - The winner/ announce/ tomorrow - The invitations/ already/ send - Pineapples/ plant/ in hot countries -