Presentation on theme: "THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICEREGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTMWANZA CITY COUNCILPRESENTATION ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP AND ADMINISTRATION IN MWANZABY HIS WORSHIP MAYOR LEONARD BANDIHO BIHONDO OF MWANZA CITY,DURING THE MIC CONFERENCE HELD FROM 15TH – 19TH MARCH 2010 IN TANGA, TANZANIAPrepared by:City Director’s Office,Mwanza City Council,P. O. Box 1333Tel: (28)Fax: (28) 40334Mwanza – Tanzania TH March, 2010
2 1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 Geographical location:Mwanza city council is an urban local authority located on the Northwestern part of Tanzania.It is along the spectacular southern shores of Lake Victoria, the second largest fresh water body in the world.The city council is the second largest city and one of the fastest developing urban center.According to UN Habitat Report in 2005, Mwanza was considered the fastest growing urban center in Africa.
3 Map of Tanzania to show Population Density In the Lake Zone, Mwanza is the leading Region with the highest population density
4 Administrative Area, Land Size and Regional Map 1.2 Administrative Area and Land area:Mwanza City Council is among 8 districts of Mwanza Region in Tanzania.Administratively the City is divided into 2 districts:IlemelaNyamagana.There are 21 wards each represented by elected councillor.The City Council has an area of 1337 Km. Sq. out of these 900 Sq. Km. (68%) is covered by water and 437 Sq. Km (32%) is dry land which provides space for settlement and other socio- economic activities.
5 1.3 Population: Mwanza City has grown rapidly over the past 57 years: 1948 = 11,3001957 = 19,9001988 = 223,0132002 = 476,646 (Males 238, 687 and Females 237,959).Currently, the population is estimated to slightly more than 720,200 based on National Population census of 2002; growing at 3% per annum (natural growth).
6 1.4 Main economics activities: Agriculture and Livestock Keeping,Fishing (artisanal and commercial),Commerce and trade,Mining and quarrying,Industries (mainly agro – based and food processing);Transportation, as Mwanza is strategically located as a lake port city which offers an easy access to neighboring countries of Uganda and Kenya and link to Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo; and,Tourism which has started thriving recently
7 2.0: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP AND ADMINISTRATION 2.1: The following are Local Government Authorities in Tanzania: -Urban AuthoritiesDistrict AuthoritiesNote: There are 4 City Councils, 17 Municipalities, 6 Town Councils, 106 District Councils2.1.1: Urban authorities Set-UpFull CouncilStanding Statutory CommitteesFinance and AdministrationUrban Planning and EnvironmentEconomic affairs, health and educationOther Committees HIV/AID and Integrity CommitteesWard Executive CommitteesMtaa Committees
8 Relationship Cont. Finance. Administration, Urban Planning 2.1.2: District Council Set-upFull CouncilStanding Statutory CommitteesFinance. Administration, Urban PlanningEducation, Health, and WaterEconomic affairs, Works and EnvironmentOther committeesWard Executive CommitteesVillage AssemblyVillage Council
9 Relationship Cont... 2.2: Political Leadership In a local authority these are councillors and they make integral part of local government configuration.They are elected after every five years together with the President and members of parliament during the general elections.Each councillor is elected from a ward to be a representative in a councilOther council members are women councillors by special seats (Proportional Representation)MPs within a council/constituency are also members of the council2.2.1: Functions of Councillors (Through Full Council and Standing Committee):To make decisions, develop policies, approve plans and reportsApprove bylawsTo mobilize development activities in their respective aresTo promote peace and harmonyTo oversee and monitor implementation of various development interventions00
10 RELATIONSHIP Cont... 2.3.1: ADMINISTRATION Administration is made of civil servants (Technical and administrative staffs)Initially all senior staff were recruited by Local Government Service CommissionCurrently, councils recruit both junior and senior staffs based on available demand (Outcome of Local Reform Program)Chief executives (District Executive Directors/City Directors) are appointed by the Minister and the President2.3.2: Functions of Administrative Staffs/TechnocratsTo implement day to day activitiesTo plan and coordinate projects of the councilTo implement and supervise decisions of the councilTo execute laws and bylawsTo collect various revenues within the councilTo provide technical advice and account to the Full Council and Standing Committees.Note: After Dissolution of Councilors’ tenure the executives are given power to take over by Ministerial instrument- PMO RALG
11 Relations Cont... 2.4: MERGING POLITICAL LEADERSHIP AND ADMINISTRATION Politics + administration = CouncilThey are inter-dependentTwo sides of the same coinWhere the relationship between political leaders and Executives is good- development activities are successful.Political leaders present their electorate views regarding development issues from Wards (O & OD)Executives implements the decisions reached by the Council
12 3.0: Council and MICCouncils are legal entity they have mandate to enter into:Agreements with other councils within and outside the countryDecision to enter into cooperation between Municipality is made by politicians and implemented by executivesCouncilors monitor the implementation of cooperation between Municipalities and take necessary corrective measures
13 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Full CouncilCity DirectorLegal and securityInternal AuditPlanning statistics and coordinationInformation Communication and mass CommunicationFinance and tradeAgricultural/ livestock/ natural Resource & CooperativeUrban Planning Environment and TourismEducation and cultureWorks and timeCommunity Development and Social WelfareAdministration and Human ResourceHealth and cleanlinessWard Development CommitteeVillage/ Mtaa Development Committee
14 City Council Top Leadership His Lordship Mayor Leonard BihondoMr. Wilson KabweCity Director