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KING FAMILY ANCESTORS IN AMERICA AND SCOTLAND. JOHN S KING Grandfather of Arthur E King Sr The King name goes back only to John S King, born 1817 in New.

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Presentation on theme: "KING FAMILY ANCESTORS IN AMERICA AND SCOTLAND. JOHN S KING Grandfather of Arthur E King Sr The King name goes back only to John S King, born 1817 in New."— Presentation transcript:

1 KING FAMILY ANCESTORS IN AMERICA AND SCOTLAND

2 JOHN S KING Grandfather of Arthur E King Sr The King name goes back only to John S King, born 1817 in New Jersey According to different censuses, John’s parents were most likely from Ireland, but the reports are inconsistent and some census reports list him as being born in New Jersey John himself is an ethereal character, never at home for the censuses, but his existence is well-documented in land leases and wills The first documentation of John is in the Piper family bible, noting the marriage of John to Elizabeth Piper in her home on August 31, 1848 John and Elizabeth lived in New Castle, PA, where they had three children

3 JOHN S KING A deed pertained to his purchase of about 2/3rds of an acre of property in 1867 on the New Castle to Butler Road just south of New Castle, for which he paid $800 The property was on what is now East Washington Street in New Castle, but is now a vacant lot

4 JOHN S KING John died around 1886 in Bully Hill, PA He is buried at Emlenton Cemetery in Clarion County, PA next to his son, Othello W King Bill King in South Carolina has uncovered a newspaper article referring to John S King as a thespian, which might explain his travels, and how he came to name one of his sons Othello John and Elizabeth had the following children: – Leroy Porter King (1850 – 1943) – Othello W King (1851 – 1930) – Eva Ella (Ella Mae) King (1859 – 1931)

5 LEROY PORTER KING Father of Arthur Ellis King Sr Born in New Castle, PA The 1880 census shows him living in Clarion County, PA and working as an oil producer At some point after 1875 he moved to Nortonville, KS with his mother, Elizabeth Piper King The 1900 census shows him living in Wellson Township, Lincoln County OK and working as a banker, later in the hardware business Federal Tract Books of the Oklahoma Territory show he owned the SW quarter of section 24, township 21, range 17, land entry number 491. Land was bought "commit to cash" so he could get immediate title and not wait 8 years This land was claimed in the Land Run of 1891 in McKinley Township, Lincoln County

6 LEROY PORTER KING Leroy married Elizabeth Arinenta Troutman Leroy was known to have told others that his ancestors were from Ireland and came to America during the Potato Famine ( ), but John King was already in America at that time Leroy died at the home of his daughter, Florence Mabile, in 1943, in Centralia, IL He is buried in the Memorial Park Cemetery in Oklahoma City

7 LEROY PORTER KING Leroy had three children Arthur Ellis King Walter Piper King Florence Mabile King He served in the Kansas Militia in 1891 as a 2 nd Lieutenant

8 ARTHUR ELLIS KING SR Born 1880 in Parker’s Landing, Venango Co, PA Moved to Nortonville, KS, then Wellston, OK with his parents Listed in the 1920 census as general manager of Southwestern Cotton Oil Company Residence at 301 NW 19 th Street, Oklahoma City

9 ARTHUR ELLIS KING SR Married Olga E Wykert in 1911

10 ARTHUR ELLIS KING A E King Sr and Olga had five children – Arthur Ellis King Sr – Lois Olga (Sorghum) King – Edward Leroy (Edroy) King – Mary Jane King – Robert W King

11 PIPER FAMILY Elizabeth Piper (born 1824 in Muddy Creek, Butler County, Pennsylvania) was the wife of John S King, and thus the grandmother of A E King Sr According to census information, she worked as a millner, and her father, Samuel, was born in Ireland At some time she moved to Nortonville, KS with her son, Leroy P, where she died in 1909 Samuel Piper was born around 1792 and emigrated to Pennsylvania sometime in the early 1800s He and his son William owned a stagecoach business Samuel’s wife was Sarah Pillow, of Irish descent

12 TROUTMAN FAMILY Elizabeth Arinenta Troutman married Leroy Porter King and was the mother of A E King Sr She was born 1860 in Pennsylvania and died 1934 in Oklahoma City The Troutman family goes back to Jacob Trautman (10 th GGF of A E King Sr) who was born in 1535 in Lambsborn, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Hans Peter Trautman (4 th GGF of A E King Sr) was born in Germany and came to Pennsylvania in the early 1700’s George Peter Troutman (2 nd GGF of A E King Sr) was born 1767 in Cumberland Valley, PA, and later moved to Trumbull County, Ohio where he farmed and was a member of the Lutheran Church

13 TROUTMAN FAMILY Joseph Troutman (father of Elizabeth, grandfather of A E King Sr) was born 1793 near Sunbury, Pennsylvania, later moving to Clarion County, PA He lived at Troutman’s Run (now a popular fishing retreat in Forest Co, PA) on the Allegheny River,where he cleared 74 acres of land and erected buildings He worked as a carpenter He served in the War of 1812, going to Erie after Commodore Perry's victory, but was not engaged in any battles He was first a Democrat, later a Whig and held several township offices Both he and his wife were members of the Methodist church He married Jane F Pollock, a descendant of the powerful Clan Pollock in Scotland, a link which then linked the King family to the nobility and political leaders of Scotland

14 WYKERT FAMILY Olga E Wykert married A E King Sr in 1911 She was born in 1888 in Troy, Doniphan County, KS The 1910 census shows her living in Wellston Township, OK with her parents and working as a school teacher Her family goes back to Francis (Frantz) Wykert, born 1737 in Germany

15 OLGA WYKERT Was an average student, at least in the 2nd grade

16 WYKERT FAMILY Francis (Frantz) Wykert moved from Germany (along the Rhine River) to Berks County, PA in 1756 at the age of 19 He was the 2 nd GGF of Olga Wykert He later moved to Washington County, PA, then to Marshall, WV He brought with him a diploma signed by the King of Wurtemberg outlining his family history His son, Nicholas Lawrence Wykert (GGF of Olga Wykert) lived in Hogs Run, WV, along the Ohio River 10 miles south of Wheeling He moved his family to Doniphan County, KS in 1856

17 WYKERT FAMILY Edward Sutton Wykert (father of Olga Wykert) married Sarah Elizabeth Aberle in 1884 in Doniphan County, KS (pictured) By 1900 the Wykerts had moved to Oklahoma County, where Edward worked as a traveling salesman Sarah Elizabeth Aberle (Saxey), mother of Olga Wykert)was around 3 in 1868 when the Cheyenne Indians, displaced from their land, massacred a number of settlers in Doniphan County (The Great Cheyenne Massacre) Her family later moved to Hydro, Oklahoma She died in 1950 and is buried in Fairlawn Cemetery in Oklahoma City

18 ABERLE FAMILY Sarah Aberle’s family goes back to Frederick Aberle (born around 1790 in Baden-Wurtemburg, Germany), great- grandfather of Olga Wykert His son, John Aberle (grandfather of Olga Wykert) was born in Wurtemburg, but was in Troy, KS by 1870, working as a farmer His family arrived in Baltimore in 1840 aboard the ship ‘Ernst and Gustav’ sailing from Brennen, Germany To become a citizen he had to sign a letter denying any allegiance to the King of Wurtemburg He was the father of Sarah Aberle

19 POLLOCK FAMILY (CLAN POLLOCK) The marriage of Jane F Pollock (great-grandmother of A E King Sr) to Joseph Troutman created a web tying the King family through Ireland to Scotland, to England, and ultimately to Normandy Sarah’s grandfather, Charles Pollock (3 rd GGF of A E King Sr) immigrated to White Deer, PA from Londonderry, Ireland sometime around 1740 He was a Presbyterian who farmed, and later became a cashier at the National Bank of Kittenang, PA Charles brought with him several documents bearing the seal of Clan Pollock (a boar pierced by an arrow)

20 CLAN POLLOCK SEAL The seal was first used on a charter for the Paisley Abbey in Scotland (1160) It is now on display in the British Museum in London Inscription translates to ‘Boldly and Earnestly’ An article from Matthews’ American Armory and Blue Book describes the use of the seal by Charles Pollock in Pennsylvania, confirming the descent of Jane F Pollock from the Pollock Clan

21 POLLOCK FAMILY The Pollock family dates back to Fulbert the Saxon, born in 1075 in Falaise, Normandy (20 th GGF of A E King Sr) Fulbert came to England after the Norman Conquest, and served as a knight for Walter FitzAlan, First High Steward of Scotland In return for his service at the Battle of the Standard, Fulbert was granted an estate in Renfrewshire, Scotland, where his descendants became the Barons of Pollock Fulbert’s grandson, Robert II de Pollock, donated land to found the Paisley Abbey in Renfrewshire (the abbey which later produced the paisley pattern for textiles)

22 POLLOCK FAMILY Robertus Pollock (born 1265 – 15 th GGF of A E King Sr) married Agnes Maxwell of clan Maxwell, making her the 15 th GGM of A E King Sr The Pollock lands were then divided, the southern half given to Clan Maxwell Pollocks today are still allowed to wear the Maxwell tartan John de Pollock (14 th GGF of A E King Sr) was knighted in 1372 and granted a charter to the lands of Caerlaverlock John de Pollock (12 th GGF of A E King Sr) was made Sir John de Pollock by King James II of Scotland Charles Pollock (11 th GGF of A E King Sr) married Margaret Stewart, 4 th great-granddaughter of Robert the Bruce, tying the King family to the powerful Stewart (Stuart) family that ruled Scotland and Engand for generations The Stewarts were descended from Walter FitzAlan, First High Steward of Scotland, and included Robert the Bruce

23 POLLOCK FAMILY Charles Pollock was appointed Deputy-Keeper of the Castle of Rothesay by King James III

24 POLLOCK COAT OF ARMS

25 POLLOCK FAMILY Charles’ son, David Pollock, also married a Stewart descendant (Marion Stewart), creating a second link to the Stewart/Stuards His son, John de Pollock (9 th GGF of A E King Sr) was Receiver General to James IV of Scotland His wife, Margaret Semple (9 th GGM of Tom Lowry) was from the powerful Clan Semple/Semphill, creating another ancestral link to Scottish nobility Sir John de Pollock (8 th GGF of A E King Sr) made a disastrous decision to support Mary, Queen of Scots, in her wars against James IV He fought for her at the Battle of Langside, and the Pollock lands were forfeited following the defeat

26 POLLOCK FAMILY Following the loss of lands in the cause of Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Pollock (7 th GGF of A E King Sr) moved the family to Londonderry, Ireland His second grandson (Charles Pollock) traveled from Ireland to America, and was the grandfather of Jane F Pollock The original Castle Pollock near Glasgow, built in the 12 th century by Robert de Pollock (18 th GGF of A E King Sr) no longer exists It was destroyed and rebuilt several times until 1952, when it was demolished At that time Pollock Castle had 88 bedrooms It was used as an ammunition dump during World War II

27 THE BRUCES OF SCOTLAND Margaret Stewart (6 th GGD of Robert the Bruce) married Charles Pollock (11 th GGF of A E King Sr) around 1440, making Robert the Bruce the 19 th GGF of A E King Sr The Brus family of Scotland descended from Normandy Robert I de Brus (25 th GGF of A E King Sr) was a knight who accompanied William the Conqueror from Normandy and supported him at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 (The Norman Conquest of England) Around 1113 King David of Scotland made Robert Lord of Annondale When William the Conqueror’s son, Henry I of England, died, the English throne was disputed by his daughter, Empress Maud, and his nephew, Stephen (The Great Anarchy) In the Great Anarchy, Robert II de Brus (24 th GGF of A E King Sr) supported Stephen, who initially prevailed The Great Anarchy is the setting of Ken Follett’s Pillars of the Earth

28 GUISBOROUGH PRIORY North Yorkshire, England Founded 1119 by Robert I de Brus (25 th GGF of A E King) Destroyed in Henry VIII’s dissolution of the monasteries

29 THE BRUCE FAMILY Robert de Brus, 5 th Lord of Annandale (21 st GGF of A E King Sr) was Justice and Constable of Scotland and England, and a regent of Scotland During his life Alexander III of Scotland died without heir, leading to a dispute regarding his successor known as the Great Cause Edward I of England was asked to step in and settle the successorship Robert V was among those vying for the crown (his mother was a descendant of King David I) The conflict for the crown, and the intervention of the English king, eventually led to the Scottish Wars of Independence This is the setting of the movie Braveheart, with Robert V depicted as the leper

30 THE BRUCE FAMILY In the course of the Great Cause a woman was killed by English soldiers, a woman who was engaged to William Wallace (Braveheart) Wallace killed the English soldiers, then rallied the Scots behind him, launching what would become the Scottish Wars of Independence The Bruce family, with large landholdings in England, initially supported the English, but did not betray Wallace as depicted in the movie Following the defeat and execution of Wallace, Robert the Bruce (19 th GGF of A E King Sr) took up the Scottish cause, later to prevail and become King of Scotland

31 ROBERT THE BRUCE When Robert the Bruce died, his heart was carried to the Crusades, later to be returned to Scotland to be buried at Melrose Abbey His daughter Marjorie (18 th GGM of A E King Sr) married Walter Stewart, High Steward of Scotland The Stewart (Stuart) family had been hereditary High Stewards for generations, and Robert I (son of Marjorie Bruce and Walter Stewart) succeeded Robert the Bruce as Robert II of Scotland (17 th GGF of A E King Sr), first of the Stuart Kings of Scotland and England He was succeeded by Robert III (16 th GGF of A E King Sr) Robert III’s son, James I (15 th GGF of A E King Sr) was born in 1337 in Scone Palace, royal residence of the Scottish kings

32 ROBERT THE BRUCE

33 SCONE PALACE Perthsire, Scotland Royal residence of Scottish kings Birthplace of James I Stuart (15 th GGF of A E King Sr)

34 THE STUART KINGS Because of ongoing wars with England, James I (15 th GGF of A E King Sr) was sent to France as a child for safety His ship was intercepted by the English and he was taken to London as a hostage by Henry IV Following the death of Robert III the Scottish nobility were in no hurry to ransom James I, enjoying their own power in his absence, and so he remained a hostage for 18 years In 1424 James I returned to Scotland, bringing with him a taste for the English court, and a wife who was a cousin of King Henry VI This relationship between the Stuarts of Scotland and the Plantagenet rulers of England would eventually bring the Stuarts to the throne of England, and would create the conflict that arose between Mary, Queen of Scots, and Queen Elizabeth of England

35 THE STUART KINGS James I’s ways were not favored by the Scots, and in 1437 a group of Scottish nobles assassinated him at the Friars Preachers Monastery in Perth Ironically, he would have been able to escape through the sewer, but found it blocked The sewer opened next to the tennis court, and three days before the assassination he had ordered the sewer to be blocked because his tennis balls kept going into it James II was only 7 at the time of his father’s death During his minority the Douglas Clan gained great power in Scotland, later to fall into conflict with James II as he matured

36 THE STUART KINGS The conflict between James II and the Douglases culminated in 1452 at Stirling Castle James II stabbed the 8 th Earl of Douglas, following which James’ followers took an axe to his head

37 THE STUART KINGS James II was fond of artillery, and died when a cannon he was firing exploded in a siege of Roxbury Castle James III (13 th GGF of A E King Sr), although bringing the Renaissance of art and culture to Scotland, was largely unpopular because of his unfairness and alliance with England In 1482 James III was betrayed by his countrymen and imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle James III later bought his release and resumed the throne In 1488 James III faced an army of his own countrymen at the Battle of Sauchieburn and was killed in battle His own son and heir, James IV, had opposed him in the battle

38 THE STUART KINGS James IV Stuart (12 th GGF of A E King Sr) came to the throne at the age of 15 He was the most successful and productive of the Stuart Kings When war broke out between the French and English, and Henry VIII invaded France, James IV took the opportunity to invade England in support of France (The Auld Alliance) James IV met his death battling the English at the Battle of Flodden Field (1513) in which the Scottish forces were crushed James IV’s successor (James V) was not in the King lineage, which passed through his daughter (Janet Stewart; 11 th GGM of A E King Sr)

39 Mary Cochrane and Thomas Pollock were the grandparents of Jane F Pollock Mary was the 6 th GGD of James IV Stuart

40 JAMES GRAHAM, MARQUESS OF MONTROSE Led the support for Charles I of England in the Wars of the three Kingdoms, in which Charles tried to impose the Anglican Church on Scotland Initially highly successful in battle, but Charles was eventually captured and executed by the Covenanters James was captured and hung, his body dismembered His head was hung from the Tollbooth at Edinburgh Castle Later buried in St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh Now considered a national hero 7 th GGF of Arthur E King Sr His great-granddaughter, Mary Cochrane, married Thomas Pollock (4 th GGF of AE King Sr)

41 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Robert the Bruce (19 th GGF of A E King, Sr) was the 7 th GGS of William the Conqueror through his mother’s family, making William the Conqueror the 25 th GGF of A E King Sr When the throne of England was questioned following the death of the childless Edward the Confessor, William amassed a force in Normandy and claimed the crown of England following his defeat of the English at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 (The Norman Conquest) For centuries thereafter England was ruled by his descendants William I was eventually succeeded by Henry I (24 th GGF of A E King Sr), the gluttonous king featured in Pillars of the Earth

42 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Henry I was a man of great appetites and great brutality He had two of his own grandchildren blinded and mutilated He is famed for having the greatest number of illegitimate children of any king in English history (estimated at 20-25) He died after stuffing himself with lampreys Henry’s only legitimate son, William Adeline, died in 1127 when the White Ship, sailing from Normandy to England, went down (the opening scene of Ken Follett’s Pillars of the Earth) Prior to his death, without a male heir, Henry I had named his daughter, Maud (25 th GGM of A E King Sr), as his successor

43 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND England was not mentally ready for a female monarch, and her claim to the throne was contested by her cousin, Stephen, launching the Great Anarchy which would divide England for years Stephen eventually prevailed over Empress Maud, only to die without a male heir and have the kingdom claimed by Maud’s son, Henry II (26 th GGF of A E King Sr) Maud’s husband was Geoffrey V Plantagenet of Anjou (25 th GGF of A E King), the son of Fulk V d’Anjou (26 th GGF of Tom Lowry), a Norman crusader who had become King of Jerusalem The descendants of Maud and Goeffrey would be known as the Plantagenet rulers of England Henry II’s wife was Eleanor of Aquitaine (26 th GGM of A E King Sr), daughter of William X, Duke of Aquitaine (27 th GGF of A E King Sr), creating one of several links to the nobility of France

44 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Eleanor of Aquitaine had previously been married to Louis VII the Younger of France, the divorce later annulled She had accompanied Louis VII on a disastrous Crusade – one which was lost largely because of the massive baggage and social network Eleanor had brought It was the words of Henry II that led to the murder of Thomas Beckett in Canterbury Cathedral Henry II was disliked by all of his sons, who tried repeatedly to dethrone him Richard the Lionheart, oldest of the sons, died without heir after his unsuccessful Third Crusade, and John Lackland Plantagenet (25 th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded Henry I and King John I

45 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND John I was an unpopular king He was at war with his barons over rights (The First Barons’ War) He was the evil king in the Legend of Robin Hood He was forced by the nobility to sign the Magna Carta in 1215 He died of dysentery (or poisoning) in 1216 John’s wife was Isabella of Angouleme (25 th GGM of A E King Sr), descendant of the powerful Taillefer family (Counts of Angouleme) of France, creating another link with the nobility of France John was followed by his son, Henry III (24 th GGF of A E King Sr)

46 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND England flourished under the long and stable reign of Henry III He made Westminster his palace, building a shrine there for Edward the Confessor

47 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Henry III convened the first English Parliament in 1264 He ordered the building of York Castle in stone as a defense against Scotland

48 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Despite the stability brought by Henry III, he, like his father, faced a Barons’ War, the opposition led by Simon de Montfort The Plantagenets prevailed in the war, and Henry III was succeeded by his son, Edward I Longshanks (23 rd GGF of A E King Sr) Edward I ruled England during the Scottish Wars of Independence, executing William Wallace and constantly at war with Robert the Bruce His wife was the much-beloved Eleanor of Castile (25 th GGM of A E King Sr), daughter of King Ferdinand III of Castile, creating a link to the nobility of Spain

49 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Edward I died in the course of the Scottish Wars, succeeded by Edward II (19 th GGF of A E King Sr) Edward II married Isabella of France (19 th GGM of A E King Sr), daughter of King Philip IV the Fair, creating another link to the nobility of France Edward II was an ineffective leader, and quickly lost Scotland to Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannochburn (1314) His reign was plagued by conflict as he favored his male friends, Hugh le Despenser and Piers Gaveston, and in 1326 his estranged wife, Isabella, and her lover, Roger de Mortimer (18 th GGF of A E King Sr) invaded England, deposing and imprisoning Edward II

50 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND Edward II died while imprisoned by his wife, succeeded by Edward III (18 th GGF of A E King Sr) Isabella (Edward III’s mother) and Mortimer continued to rule in his minority, but at the age of 17 he had Mortimer executed and his mother imprisoned Edward III was a successful king, bringing England’s military to its szenith During his reign (1348) the Black Death hit England, killing 1/3 of its population Edward III’s heir apparent, Edward the Black Prince, Duke of York, died in battle in France, ultimately leading to the Wars of the Roses as the Plantagenet house split into two factions

51 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND The Wars of the Roses was fought between and Lancasters (the Red Rose -- descendants of John of Gaunt (17 th GGF of A E King Sr) and the Yorks (the White Rose – descendants of Edmund of Langley, Duke of York Both were sons of Edward III Richard II, son of Edward the Black Prince, had succeeded Edward III, but was defeated and deposed by Henry Bolingbroke (son of John of Gaunt), who became Henry IV After several exchanges of rule, Henry Tudor emerged victorious, marking the end of the Plantagenet rule and beginning the Tudor rule

52 THE PLANTAGENETS OF ENGLAND The Wars of the Roses marked the end of Plantagenet rule, and the end of the King family connection to the rulers of England John of Gaunt’s granddaughter, Joan Beaufort, married James I of Scotland, becoming the 15 th GGM of A E King Sr) and the King family connection continued through that line to the Pollock clan

53 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Geoffrey V Plantagenet (25 th GGF of A E King Sr) husband of Maud (daughter of William the Conqueror), son of Fulk V d”Anjou (king of Jerusalem during the crusades), patriarch of the Plantagenet rulers of England William Marshall (23rd GGF of A E King Sr) 1 st Earl of Pembroke, served as regent for the young King Henry III Simon de Montfort (9th GGF of A E Kng Sr) Earl of Leicester, led the barons against Henry III and died in the Battle of Evesham, killed by Roger de Mortimer (19 th GGF of Tom Lowry) who sent Montforts head to his wife as a present Hugh le Despencer (20 th GGF of E King Sr) chief advisor to and probable lover of Edward II. Executed by the enemies of Edward II

54 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Roger II Bigod (23 rd GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Hugh Bigod (22 nd GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta William d”Aubigny (24th GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Richard de Clare (23rd GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Gilbert de Clare (22nd GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Alan de Galloway (23 rd GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Llywelyn the Great ap Iorwerth (21st GGF of A E King Sr) signed the Magna Carta Geoffrey de Mandeville (26 th GGF of A E King Sr) founded the town of Amersham and Ramsey Abbey. During the Great Anarchy he threw out the clergy and used the abbey as a base from which to rob his subjects. Killed by King Stephen’s army in 1144

55 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE Aubrey II de Vere (25 th GGF of A E King Sr) was Master Chamberlain of England. Built Hedingham Castle in Essex. The castle was taken by Stephen during the Great Anarchy, returned by Henry II, and later besieged by King John Maud de Braose (20 th GGM of A E King sr), Barroness Wigmore. Maud is credited for plotting the escape of Edward I, who was held priisoner in a neighboring castle during the First Barons’ War Richard ‘Strongbow’ FitzGilbert de Clare (24 th GGF of A E King) was Earl of Pembroke, led the English forces that conquered much of Ireland in 1169

56 OTHER ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF NOTE David, Earl of Huntingdon (23rd GGF of A E King Sr) led the siege of Nottingham Castle in 1194, thought to have been Robin Hood, or the person on whom the legend was based Lady Godiva of Coventry (25 th GGM of A E King Sr) rode through the town naked to protest the taxes imposed by her husband Janet Douglas (11 th GGM of A E King Sr) – accused of witchcraft by James V of Scotland, and burned at the stake in 1537 – her ghost still haunts Glamis Castle in Scotland as The Grey Lady

57 KING ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Most King ancestors who lived in Ireland were of Scottish origin, and lived in Ireland for short periods However, a number of Scottish and English ancestors distinguished themselves in Ireland Because Fergus Mac Erc (44 th GGF of A E King Sr), who settled Dalriata in Scotland, and whose descendants became kings of Scotland, was descended from the kings of Dalriata in Ireland,, he ties the Lowry family back to the ancient kings and high kings of Ireland

58 ANCIENT KINGS AND HIGH KINGS OF IRELAND Several of these kings and high kings, mostly ancestors of Fergus Mac Erc, are noteworthy Niall of the Nine Hostages (Niall Mor Noigiallach), 47th GGF of A E King Sr, captured his enemy, Eochaid, and chained him to a tree, inviting nine of his warriors to kill the enemy. But Eochaid broke his chains, killed all nine warriors, and later killed Niall as well Milesius (104 th GGF of A E King Sr) alleged to have settled Ireland as the first king. Some geneologists have traced Milesius back to Japeth, son of Noah Roan Faeldergdoit (89 th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first Irish king to require that his citizens wear gold rings on their hands Cobthach Coel Breg (75 th GGF of A E King Sr) killed his brother to become king, then forced his brother’s children to eat the corpse

59 ANCIENT KINGS AND HIGH KINGS OF IRELAND Tuathal Teachtmar (56th GGF of A E King Sr) imposed a bi- annual fee on Leinster of 6000 cows, 6000 sheep, and 6000 ounces of silver Cormac Mac Art (53rd GGF of A E King Sr) was confronted by St Patrick, and subsequently suppressed the druids in favor of Christianity Muireadeach Tireach (49 th GGF of A E King Sr) married the daughter of Old King Cole. He was the father of Niall of the Nine Hostages, whose descendants became the patriarchs of the powerful Ui Neills and Connachts

60 KING ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Olaf the White (30th GGF of A E King Sr) was one of many Vikings to rule eastern Ireland He became king of Dublin around 853 His wife was Aud the Deep Minded (39 th GGM of Tom Lowry), daughter of Ketil Flatnose (30th GGF of A E King Sr) The Jelling Stones of Denmark were raised in honor or Olaf and Aud Olaf’s son, Thorstein the Red (29 th GGF of A E King Sr) attempted to conquer Scotland but failed Olaf Sihtricson (26 th GGF of A E King Sr) was king of Dublin and king of York in England Sigurd the Stout Lodvisson (25th GGF of A E King Sr) was the last of the Viking kings of Ireland

61 BRIAN BORU High King of Ireland 28 th GGF of A E King Sr Defeated the Viking rulers at the Battle of Clontarf (1014), a battle in which he was killed Patriarch of the O’Brien Dynasty of Ireland

62 KING ANCESTORS IN IRELAND In 1167 Dermott MacMurrough, King of Leinster (24 th GGF of A E King Sr) was expelled by the High King of Ireland He sought assistance from Henry II of England (26th GGF of A E King Sr) Henry II organized an army led by Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke (known as Strongbow) – 24 th GGF of A E King Sr Strongbow and his Welsh archers restored Dermott to the throne of Leinster This opened the door for further incursions into Ireland by the Norman leaders of England

63 KING ANCESTORS IN IRELAND Following the death of Strongbow, Henry II appointed William FitzAldelm de Burgh (24 th GGF of A E King Sr) as Deputy of Ireland William founded The Priory of St Thomas the Martyr in Dublin William’s son, Richard mor de Burgh (23 rd GGF of A E King Sr) became Justiciar of Ireland and founded the city of Galway Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster (20 th GGF of A E King Sr), founded Athassel Abbey in Tipperary, where he was buried Walter’s son, Richard og de Burgh, Earl of Ulster (19 th GGF of A E King Sr) married Elizabeth Bruce (19 th GGM of Tom Lowry), daughter of Robert the Bruce


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