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Confronting the Issue of Slavery

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Presentation on theme: "Confronting the Issue of Slavery"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pick up an Interactive Notebook packet and answer the “Processing” questions (#1-3)

2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery
Chapter 21 Section 2

3 Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Process for forming new states Unspoken agreement to keep free states and free states equal


5 Questions About Missouri
Northerners questioned whether Missouri should be slave or free Allowing Missouri to be entered as a slave state would open slavery to the Louisiana Territory and beyond A northerner’s nightmare

6 The Tallmadge Amendment
Rep. James Tallmadge suggested that Missouri could only be entered as free Sparked debate on states’ rights and slavery

7 A Deadlocked Congress North had more representatives in the House
Equal in the Senate Southern senators able to block anti-slave laws Missouri would change that

8 A Deadlocked Congress (continued)
Tallmadge Amendment awakened strong anti-slavery feelings Anti-Slavery petitions sent to Congress House approved Tallmadge Amendment Defeated in Senate

9 The Missouri compromise
Chapter 21 Section 3

10 The Missouri Compromise
Congress returned to the debate in 1820 Maine was trying to achieve statehood as a free state Southerners threatening secession and civil war

11 A Compromise is Reached
Compromise crafted by Rep. Henry Clay Admitted Missouri as slave and Maine as free Drew a line through the Louisiana Territory North of the line = Future free states South of the line = Future slave states


13 Reactions to the Compromise
Unpopular decision Northerners viewed it as the easy way out Southerners disliked the ban on slavery in future western states

14 The Missouri Compromise Unravels
Chapter 21 Section 4

15 The “Gag Rule” Abolitionist movement flooded Congress with petitions
Abolitionists wanted Congress to question slavery in the District of Columbia Congress decided to set aside all anti- slavery petitions and “gag” all debate on the issue

16 The “Gag Rule” (continued)
John Quincy Adams proposed that no one could be born into slavery after 1845 Congress refused his proposal

17 Southern Fears Nat Turner’s rebellion created fear in the south
Created stricter laws on transport of slaves Reward for arresting abolitionists

18 Fugitive Slaves

19 Slavery in the Territories
Gag rule delayed the slavery debate for 10 years Wilmot Proviso added to a bill requesting funds for Mexican-American War “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist” in the territory acquired from Mexico

20 Slavery in the Territories (continued)
Southerners opposed the Wilmot Proviso Passed in the House Rejected in Senate

21 Statehood for California
Southerners proposed extending the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific Rejected by Northerners Applied for statehood in as a free state

22 Statehood for California (continued)
California would upset the balance between slave and free states Deadlocked Congress once again South continued threats of secession

23 The compromise of 1850 Chapter 21 Section 5

24 Something for Everyone
Henry Clay’s plan Admitted California Allowed N. Mexico and Utah to decide on slavery Ended slavery in D.C.

25 Something for Everyone (continued)
Called for passing a strong fugitive slave act Made it easier to find and reclaim runaway slaves

26 The Compromise is Accepted
Congress debated Clay’s compromise for 9 months Accepted in 1850 after heated discussion and threats of civil war

27 The Compromise of 1850 Fails
Chapter 21 Section 6


29 The Fugitive Slave Act Southerners did not do enough to ensure the success of the act Northerners did not want to enforce the act Denied all rights of captured slaves

30 The Fugitive Slave Act (continued)
Jailed people who helped escaped slaves Northerners ridiculed slave catchers Almost impossible to catch slaves in the north

31 Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
First published as short stories in an abolitionist newspaper Published in 1852 as a full novel

32 The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Ostend Manifesto was a message sent from three American diplomats to the Secretary of State President Pierce was trying to purchase Cuba The message called for the seizure of Cuba by force Northerners believed Cuba was going to be a slave state

33 The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (continued)
Wanted to build a railroad to California Believed the project would happen if the Great Plains was organized into states

34 The Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (continued)
Kansas and Nebraska Act Created two new territories, Kansas and Nebraska (obviously) Abolished the Missouri Compromise and allowed citizens of a territory to vote to allow slavery


36 Bloodshed in Kansas Most new settlers were peaceful farmers
Others came to support or oppose slavery Two separate governments created

37 Bloodshed in Kansas (continued)
On May 21, 1856, pro-slavery activists burned hotels, looted homes, destroyed printing presses In response, John Brown and his sons killed five slave supporters with swords


39 Violence in Congress Senator Charles Sumner suspected Stephen Douglass had tried to make Kansas a slave state Sumner described the “crimes against Kansas” as being in favor of slavery

40 Violence in Congress (continued)
Sumner verbally attacked Senator Butler on his pro- slavery stance Preston Brooks, Butler’s nephew beat Sumner with a metal tipped cane on the senate floor

41 Violence in Congress (continued)
Took Sumner over 3 years to recover Southerners applauded Brooks Sent him replacement canes

42 The Dred Scott Decision
Chapter 21 Section 7

43 The Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott was a slave who traveled to Wisconsin with his master Slavery was banned in Wisconsin Scott claimed that his stay in Wisconsin made him free

44 Questions of the Case 9 Supreme Court Justices total
5 from the south 4 from the north Was Dred Scott a citizen? Did his time in Wisconsin make him a free man?

45 Two Judicial Bombshells
Scott could not sue for his freedom because he was not a citizen No African American could ever become a citizen The Missouri compromise was unconstitutional

46 Two Judicial Bombshells
The Dred Scott decision opened slavery to all territories Protected “property rights” of slave owners Outraged Northerners


48 From Compromise To conflict
Chapter 21 Section 8

49 From Compromise to Crisis
Republican Party forms with anti-slavery beliefs Abraham Lincoln nominated to run for Senate as a Republican

50 The Lincoln-Douglass Debates
Stephen Douglass believed in half free, half slave Lincoln believed slavery was a moral issue Lincoln lost the election but turned into a national figure

51 John Brown’s Raid Anti-slavery extremist
Wanted to capture guns and ammo to create slave revolts Raided the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA

52 John Brown’s Raid (continued)
All of Brown’s followers either captured or killed Told followers: You "will never get out alive" Many Northerners believed Brown was a hero


54 The Election of 1860 and secession
Chapter 21 Section 9

55 The Election of 1860 and Secession
Republicans unite behind Lincoln Democrats split between north and south Constitutional Union Party forms

56 Abraham Lincoln is Elected President
Division in parties allows Lincoln to be elected president South now in the minority Feared the abolishment of slavery


58 The South Secedes from the Union
Lincoln would not interfere with slavery in the south He would enforce the Fugitive Slave Act He would not allow slavery to extend to the territories

59 The South Secedes from the Union
South Carolina is the first state to leave the United States Six states follow Formed the Confederate States of America February, 1861



62 The Civil War Begins Lincoln becomes president March 4th, 1861
Declares secession wrong and unconstitutional Attack on Fort Sumter by the Confederates







69 The Civil War Begins Fort Sumter surrendered after 33 hours
Wave of patriotism in the North Showed that the South was not afraid of using force Official beginning of the Civil War

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