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British Literature 2013-2014 LITERARY PERIODS. C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC.

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Presentation on theme: "British Literature 2013-2014 LITERARY PERIODS. C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC."— Presentation transcript:

1 British Literature 2013-2014 LITERARY PERIODS

2 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN 450-15001660-1785 1500-16601785-1837 1837-1901 1901-1910 1914-1939 1939-PRESENT

3 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Old English or Anglo-Saxon Period (c. 450-1066) Begins with the invasion of Celtic England by Germanic tribes and lasts until the conquest of England by the Norman-French William the Conqueror. Major works: Beowulf, The Wanderer, The Seafarer Middle English Period (1066-1500) In the 15 th century (1400s), literature aimed at a popular audience grew, and a range of genres emerged (chivalric romances, folk ballads, dramas, morality plays). Major works: Sir Gawein and the Green Knight, Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales Old English or Anglo-Saxon Period (c. 450-1066) Begins with the invasion of Celtic England by Germanic tribes and lasts until the conquest of England by the Norman-French William the Conqueror. Major works: Beowulf, The Wanderer, The Seafarer Middle English Period (1066-1500) In the 15 th century (1400s), literature aimed at a popular audience grew, and a range of genres emerged (chivalric romances, folk ballads, dramas, morality plays). Major works: Sir Gawein and the Green Knight, Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales

4 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Also called the Early Modern Period (1500-1660) The Renaissance refers broadly to the flourishing of the arts. The King James Bible was written in this period. Major works: Sir Thomas More’s Utopia, plays and poetry by William Shakespeare, prose by Francis Bacon, prose by Sir Walter Raleigh, poetry by John Milton Also called the Early Modern Period (1500-1660) The Renaissance refers broadly to the flourishing of the arts. The King James Bible was written in this period. Major works: Sir Thomas More’s Utopia, plays and poetry by William Shakespeare, prose by Francis Bacon, prose by Sir Walter Raleigh, poetry by John Milton

5 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Neoclassical Period (1660-1785) Theatre came back into popularity, and drama typically focused on the aristocracy. The end of this period anticipates Romanticism because it moves from topics of order and civility to instinct and feeling. Major works: John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Isaac Newton’s Principles of Mathematics, Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal and Gulliver’s Travels Neoclassical Period (1660-1785) Theatre came back into popularity, and drama typically focused on the aristocracy. The end of this period anticipates Romanticism because it moves from topics of order and civility to instinct and feeling. Major works: John Milton’s Paradise Lost, Isaac Newton’s Principles of Mathematics, Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal and Gulliver’s Travels

6 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Romanticism (1785-1837) Writers emphasized feeling and imagination; they looked to nature for insight into the divine. Individual experiences were highly valued. This period featured innovations in the novel form, including the Gothic novel. Major works and writers: Robert Burns, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, John Keats, Jane Austen, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Romanticism (1785-1837) Writers emphasized feeling and imagination; they looked to nature for insight into the divine. Individual experiences were highly valued. This period featured innovations in the novel form, including the Gothic novel. Major works and writers: Robert Burns, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, John Keats, Jane Austen, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

7 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Victorian Period (1837-1901) Reflected a changin social, political, economic, and cultural climate. Affected by industrialization and technological advances. Recurrent issues included poverty, class, gender, religion Major works and writers: Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Charles Dickens, Florence Nightingale, Robert Browning, Charles Darwin, Oscar Wilde Victorian Period (1837-1901) Reflected a changin social, political, economic, and cultural climate. Affected by industrialization and technological advances. Recurrent issues included poverty, class, gender, religion Major works and writers: Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Charles Dickens, Florence Nightingale, Robert Browning, Charles Darwin, Oscar Wilde

8 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Edwardian (1901-1910) Refers to literature after the Victorian period and before WWI. Refers more to historical period than literary style, so many writers are also classified as Victorian or early Modern. Major works and writers: William Butler Yeats, Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Hardy, H.G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, George Bernard Shaw Edwardian (1901-1910) Refers to literature after the Victorian period and before WWI. Refers more to historical period than literary style, so many writers are also classified as Victorian or early Modern. Major works and writers: William Butler Yeats, Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Hardy, H.G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, George Bernard Shaw

9 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Modern Period (1914-1939) Spans the years between WWI and WWII. Works reflect the changing social, political, and cultural climate. They are diverse, experiment, and nontraditional. Major works and writers: Wilfred Owen, TS Eliot, WH Auden, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, DH Lawrence, William Butler Yeats Modern Period (1914-1939) Spans the years between WWI and WWII. Works reflect the changing social, political, and cultural climate. They are diverse, experiment, and nontraditional. Major works and writers: Wilfred Owen, TS Eliot, WH Auden, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, DH Lawrence, William Butler Yeats

10 C. 450TODAY TIMELINE OF LITERARY PERIODS (BRITISH LITERATURE) MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE NEOCLASSICAL ROMANTIC VICTORIAN EDWARDIAN MODERN POSTMODERN Postmodern/Contemporary (1939-present) Refers to works written after WWII, which typically reflect anxieties and reactions to life in the 20 th century. Works are highly experimental and anti- conventional and have become increasingly so since 1939. Major works and writers: Seamus Heaney, George Orwell, William Golding, Graham Greene, Dylan Thomas Postmodern/Contemporary (1939-present) Refers to works written after WWII, which typically reflect anxieties and reactions to life in the 20 th century. Works are highly experimental and anti- conventional and have become increasingly so since 1939. Major works and writers: Seamus Heaney, George Orwell, William Golding, Graham Greene, Dylan Thomas


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