2 Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
3 Some Medical and Applied Science Vocabulary NeurologyObstetricsOncologyOphthalmologyOrthopedicsOtolaryngologyPathologyPediatricsPharmacologyPodiatryPsychiatryRadiologyToxicologyUrologyCardiologyDermatologyEndocrinologyGastroenterologyGeriatricsGerontologyGynecologyHematologyHistologyImmunologyNeonatologyNephrology
4 Cardiology- Branch of medical science dealing with the heart and heart diseases Dermatology- Study of skin and its diseasesEndocrinology- Study of hormones, hormone-secreting glands, and associated diseasesGastroenterology- Study of the stomach and intestines, as well as their diseasesGeriatrics- Branch of medicine dealing with older individuals and their medical problems
5 Gerontology- Study of the process of aging and the various problems of older individuals Gynecology- Study of the female reproductive system and its diseasesHematology- Study of blood and blood diseasesHistology- Study of the structure and function of tissuesImmunology- Study of the body’s resistance to disease
6 Neonatology- Study of newborns and the treatment of their diseases Nephrology-Study of the structure, function, and diseases of the kidneysNeurology-Study of the nervous system in health and diseaseObstetrics- Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirthOncology- Study of cancers
7 Ophthalmology- Study of the eye and eye diseases Orthopedics- Branch of medicine dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and their problemsOtolaryngology- Study of the ear, throat, larynx, and their diseasesPathology- Study of the structural and functional changes within the body associated with diseasePediatrics- Branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases
8 Pharmacology- Study of drugs and their uses in the treatment of diseases Podiatry- Study of the care and treatment of the feetPsychiatry- Branch of medicine dealing with the mind and its disordersRadiology- Study of X rays and radioactive substances, as well as their uses in diagnosing and treating diseases
9 Toxicology- Study of poisonous substances and their effects of physiology Urology- Branch of medicine dealing with the urinary and male reproductive systems and their diseases
10 Underline key points/phrases/main ideas/important info Car Accident ReadingRead storyUnderline key points/phrases/main ideas/important infoCircle vocabulary or unknown wordsDiscussion QuestionsWhat are vital signs? Name at least 3.What are hematomas? Explain what they look like.What might a hematoma indicate?Why is it important to know a patients previous medical history when treating them?How can listening to our internal organs help us identify if something is wrong?
11 What are vital signs? Name at least 3. 1) Answer group discussion questions on pg. 11 of your interactive notebookWhat are vital signs? Name at least 3.What are hematomas? Explain what they look like.What might a hematoma indicate?Why is it important to know a patients previous medical history when treating them?How can listening to our internal organs help us identify if something is wrong?2) Share and discuss the answers to the 3 questions on the History of Anatomy reading- rewrite them on pg. 11 if you didn’t have room on your reading page
12 Homework Read the History of Anatomy Underline main ideas/important informationCircle vocabulary or unknown wordsAnswer the 3 questions on the bottom on the bottom of Pg. 10 in your interactive notebook
15 Ch. 1 Anatomy and Physiology and Levels of Organization Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 13 Topic: Ch. 1 Anatomy and Physiology and Levels of Organization Essential Question: Explain the levels of organization of the human body Don’t forget to add it to your T.O.Contents!Ch. 1 Anatomy and Physiology andLevels of Organization2.1 Atoms, Ions, and MoleculesExplain the levels of organization of the human body
16 Anatomy and Physiology The 2 major areas of medical science are:Anatomy and PhysiologyAnatomy – study of the structures of body parts: their forms and organization (Greek – “cutting up”)
17 Physiology – study of the functions or jobs of the body parts-what they do and how they do it (Greek – “relationship to nature”)
18 How do their structures relate to their functions? Think of different parts of your body, or of another animal’s body:How do their structures relate to their functions?Exs: Hand/fingers= to grasp, grab, or hold objectsTeeth= to grind up food so we can swallow themPelican’s bill= to scoop up fish from the sea for eating
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