Presentation on theme: "Standards SSUSH 9 The student will identify key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, courses, and consequences of the Civil War. Explain."— Presentation transcript:
1Standards SSUSH 9The student will identify key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, courses, and consequences of the Civil War.Explain the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the failure of popular sovereignty, Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s Raid.Describe President Abraham Lincoln’s efforts to preserve the Union as seen in Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address and the Gettysburg Address and in his use of emergency powers, such as his decision to suspend habeas corpus.Describe the roles of Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, William Tecumseh Sherman, and Jefferson Davis.Explain the importance of the Fort Sumter, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Vicksburg, Battle of Gettysburg, and the Battle for Atlanta and the impact of geography on these battles.Describe the significance of the Emancipation Proclamation.Explain the importance of the growing economic disparity between the North and the South through an examination of population, functioning railroads, and industrial output.
3The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 Stephen Douglas of Illinois proposes that the 36’30’ line from the Missouri Compromise be given a different meaning.The Act divided the western territory in two: Kansas and Nebraska.Both territories would use popular sovereignty to determine whether or not they would allow slavery.People were not happy with this. It was a major step toward war.
4“Bleeding Kansas” (Three Events) “The Sack of Lawrence”Anti-slavery settlers lived in Lawrence, Kansas.A bunch of pro-slavery “border ruffians” attacked the town, and a small scale civil war pursued.
5“Bleeding Kansas” (Three Events) The Pottawattamie MassacreRadical (crazy) abolitionist John Brown believed he was called by God to end slavery.After hearing news of Lawrence, Brown and some followers brutally murdered 3 men and 2 boys who supported slavery.This was done at the Pottawattamie Creek in Kansas.
6“Bleeding Kansas” (Three Events) The Caning of Charles SumnerCharles Sumner was an abolitionist senator.While he was giving a speech, he offended Andrew Butler, a southern Senator.Preston Brooks, Butler’s cousin, came to visit Charles Sumner in his office and took out his cane and beat him.Sumner did not die, but suffered traumatic wounds.
7Popular SovereigntyIdea that people in a territory can decide for themselves whether to be a slave state or a free stateKansas Nebraska Act – failed attempt to implement ideaStephen Douglas – promoted idea to solve problem of extending slavery into the territories
8Dred Scott DecisionOne of the worst, if not worst decision of the Supreme CourtDred Scott was a slave who was encouraged to sue his master for his freedom.He did this because his master took him into free territory and lived there for a while.Many people believed that this should have made Dred Scott free.However, the Supreme Court (Roger Taney) ruled that a slave belongs to his master no matter where they move. Also Slaves HAVE NO RIGHTS THAT A WHITE MAN SHOULD RESPECTThis outraged those who did not want slavery to exist in their states and who had voted against it.
9John Brown Martyr or Murderer depending upon perspective Attempted to start slave rebellion in Virginia“white” Nat Turner
10Ulysses S. Grant Greatest General for the Union/North Victory in Vicksburg cut Confederacy in twoVictory over Lee ends the Civil WarHis policy of “unconditional surrender” earned him the nickname – US Grant
11Robert E. Lee Greatest General of the Confederacy/South Was offered by Lincoln opportunity to lead Union ArmyHis decision to fight for his “country – Virginia” # 1 Reason South had chance to win Civil WarGreatest General of the Confederacy/SouthHis military genius and strategies provided the South a chance for victoryWithout Lee, South would not have likely kept fighting for so long
12William Tecumseh Sherman Most hated General in Atlanta“March to the Sea” destroyed South’s will and capacity to continue the Civil WarGrant’s “right hand” man
16Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Brilliant Confederate General – Determination and Courage in battles helped earn him the nickname “Stonewall”His use of Calvary forces helped Lee keep superior Union forces from victoryLee’s “right hand” man
17Fort Sumter Fort Sumter: started the Civil War South fired first shot on Fort Sumter – responsible for starting Civil WarCharlestown, South Carolina-center of Secession sentiment since the Nullification Crisis
18Battle of AntietamAntietam: single bloodiest day of battle in US historyFirst time South invades the North – if South won battle, most likely outcome – North would have given upBecause of Northern victory -Lincoln decides to write the Emancipation ProclamationBecause of Northern victory – British alliance with South was stopped.
19Siege of VicksburgVicksburg, Mississippi – Southern control of Vicksburg meant Southern control of Mississippi RiverGrant’s victory split the Confederacy in two; took over the Mississippi RiverGrant’s victory convinced Lincoln that Grant is the only General capable of defeating Robert E. Lee
20Battle of GettysburgA turning point of the Civil WarLast attempt by South to invade North and end the Civil War with a Southern victoryIf South won, most likely would have won the Civil War.
21Battle for AtlantaGeneral Sherman conquer and destroyed Atlanta – cut rail lines that inhibited Southern transportationFrom Atlanta Sherman begins his “March to the Sea” to Savannah – Death/Destruction
22Jefferson DavisConfederate States of America – first and only presidentCould not preserve the Confederacy from overwhelming Union ForcesCould not match Lincoln’s strategic and political skills
23Abraham LincolnConsidered by many historians as America’s Greatest PresidentExpanded power of the President more than any other president in history
24Habeas CorpusA term that refers to a person’s right to be released from jail, if he/she was placed in jail illegallyLincoln suspended this right during the Civil WarThe suspension meant Lincoln put people in prison without following legal procedures
25Emancipation Proclamation Issued by President Lincoln, after the Battle of AntietamFreed slaves only in the ConfederacyChanged the nature of the war from a fight to preserve the Union to a fight for the freedom of slavesInspired former slaves and free blacks to join in the Union Army
26Gettysburg AddressConsidered by many historians as the greatest speech in American historyLincoln’s speech explained the Civil War in terms of a fight for differing versions of Freedom, “new birth of freedom”Espoused ideas of human equalityGoal of Speech to inspire the Union to continue the fight for freedom
27Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address Named Civil War as a punishment from God for the sin of slaveryOffered a vision of “Reconstruction” designed to heal the wounds of the Civil War