Presentation on theme: "Building Social Capital for Economic Development Cornelia Butler Flora Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Agriculture Dept. of Sociology, Iowa."— Presentation transcript:
Building Social Capital for Economic Development Cornelia Butler Flora Charles F. Curtiss Distinguished Professor of Agriculture Dept. of Sociology, Iowa State University Director North Central Regional Center for Rural Development firstname.lastname@example.org www.ncrcrd.iastate.edu
Collaboration Shares a vision developed by study, experience, and work Identifies its resources to move toward the vision Identifies alternatives to achieve vision Implements alternatives Assesses progress and adjust alternatives Is a means to an end, not an end in itself The transaction costs of maintaining the collaboration should not exceed the capitals generated through acting together rather than separately.
Monitoring and evaluation is only useful when the long term goal is clear. We shift from monitoring activities and outputs to monitor progress toward multiple outcomes. Increasing capitals (assets) is a useful way of thinking about desired outcomes. In looking at capitals, it is important to understand that they are both means and ends.
Capital Resources invested to create new resources over a long time horizon
Political Capital Cultural Capital Natural Capital Human Capital Financial/Built Capital Social Capital Healthy regional economy Social equity and empowerment Self-sufficient families
Natural capital Air Water Soil Biodiversity (plants & animals) Landscape The biophysical setting that impacts human endeavors and is impacted by those activities.
Natural Capital Sustainable, healthy ecosystems with multiple community benefits Human communities are mindful of natural systems Ecosystems yield multiple community benefits Those with conflicting uses of the ecosystem seek common ground
Understands limitations & opportunities of physical environment and uses that in development work
Pride in community in neighborhood programs and cleanup
Cultural CApital Symbols Ways of knowing Language Ways of acting Definition of what is problematic Cultural capital determines how we see the world, what we take for granted, what we value, and what things we think possible to change. Hegemony allows one social group to impose its symbols and reward system on other groups.
Cultural Capital Different heritages are maintained and valued Cultural differences are recognized and valued. Mechanisms to maintain ancestral languages and customs are in place Collaborations are willing to take the time to understand and build on different ways of knowing and doing.
We value strong multi- generational family traditions
Diverse kinds of people cooperate to make the community a better place
Community development efforts honor and respect the values and cultures of community members
Human capital Increased use of the knowledge, skills, and abilities of local people Identifying skills, knowledge and ability Increasing skills, knowledge and ability Using skills, knowledge and ability Recombining skills, knowledge and ability
Community supports the existence of diverse perspectives
The community supports a leadership development program
Human Capital Education Self-efficacy/self esteem skills health values leadership The characteristics and potentials of individuals that are determined by the intersection of nature (genetics) and nurture (determined by interactions and environment)
Social Capital mutual trust reciprocity groups collective identity sense of shared future working together The interactions among individuals that occur with a degree of frequency and comfort. Bonding social capital consists of interactions within specific groups and bridging social capital consists of interactions among social groups.
Strong belief in education and life-long learning
All groups in the community have access to affordable recreational opportunities
Social Capital Bonding –Tight, exclusive networks –Strong distinction between insiders and outsiders –Single answer focus Bridging –Open and flexible networks –Permeable and open boundaries –Legitimization of alternatives
Social Capital Strengthened relationships, communication, community initiative, responsibility, & adaptability Participation Communication Relationships Initiative Responsibility Adaptability
BRIDGING SOCIAL CAPITAL B O N D I N G S. C. External control via local elites/ or bosses Community Social Capital Typology Community Conflict with outside/internal factionalism Conflict with outside/internal factionalism Apathy;extremeindividualism Participatory Participatorycommunityaction + - - +
Political capital Organization Connections Voice Power Political capital is the ability of a group to influence the distribution of resources within a social unit, including helping set the agenda of what resources are available.
Welcome group inquiry, negotiate alternatives, and use research-based evidence
The community demonstrates a willingness to seek help from the outside
Political Capital Increased voice and influence Excluded people are organized and work together Excluded people know and feel comfortable around powerful people The issues of excluded people are part of the political agenda
Community decisions are made with input from all concerned
People from diverse religious, ethnic, and minority backgrounds in leadership roles
Community supports a community foundation & local philanthropy
People are willing to run for public office and do not risk personal and family ties and reputation
Deliberate transition of power to a younger generation of leaders
Financial capital Appropriately diverse and healthy economies reduced poverty increased business efficiency increased business diversity increased community residents’ assets
Built capital Housing Sewers Water systems Business space Day care centers Roads Electronic communication Human-constructed infrastructure used as tools for production of other capitals
Financial Capital debt capital investment capital tax revenue savings tax abatement endowments/community foundations grants Forms of money used to increase capacity of the unit that accesses it. Financial capital is often privileged because it is easy to measure, and there is a tendency to put other capitals into financial capital terms.
Local businesses support the community through donations
Community supports local businesses that donate to the community
Community provides resources for community and economic development efforts
Community sees itself as part of a greater region & considers all communities in the region when planning
Local government & community organizations carefully use fiscal resources & understand fiduciary responsibilities
Schools & youth groups provide opportunities for youth entrepreneurship
We realistic in appraising future opportunities
Community and businesses ware of competitive positioning
Community supports an active economic development program
Our community recognizes the value of supporting local businesses
Donations to community endeavors come from all segments of the community
Donations include many small gifts as well as large gifts
Alaska Rural Community Health Economic Solution (ARCHES) Financial/Built Capital New facilities New jobs in the community held by Alaska Natives Basic primary community health services accessible to all Professionals in the community spending in the community Economic environment improved for other enterprises Natural Capital Distance Ecosystem potential Weather/Climate change Biodiversity Cultural/traditional support for ecosystem based activities Cultural Capital Village chooses student Village members feel comfortable in higher education settings Tribal governments involved in health service delivery Ancestral health traditions Human Capital Individuals with the capacity to deliver health services Individuals have the capacity to act for community economic improvement Healthier people More Alaska Natives with career ladders Individual and family empowerment Social Capital Communities able to recognize and deal with own problems Communities know how to access outside resources Institutions change to be more flexible in response to village circumstance Community empowerment Political Capital Employment is created by government entity, creates on-going relationships to increase village’s leverage Services delivered are reimbursed by third party players Local decision-making and regional plans inform each other Healthy Individuals Healthy communities
We invest in the future by passing school bonds
Community supports and maintains a sound infrastructure