Presentation on theme: "Byzantine Empire. Where did the name come from? Byzantium Greek colony founded in 667 BCE King Byzas The Byzantines called themselves either ‘Romans’"— Presentation transcript:
Where did the name come from? Byzantium Greek colony founded in 667 BCE King Byzas The Byzantines called themselves either ‘Romans’ or ‘Greeks’. Byzantine: a modern invention.
The Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire did not face barbarian invasions Wealthier due to trade routes More protected cities Easier to defend
Trade Almost all east/west trade passed through Constantinople Made the city the wealthiest in the world
Constantinople Most enlightened city of medieval Christendom Churches Palaces Libraries Universities Theaters Public Baths Aqueducts Best wall (outside of China) in antiquity. The Walls of Theodosius
Political Structure Caesaropapism Emperor was also the head of the Church Chosen by God
Justinian and Theodora Imperial couple who strengthened the Byzantine Empire Justinian Born from a peasant family Joined the army and rose to power Theodora Worked as a stripper and a prostitute Served as wife and advisor to Justinian
Justinian and Theodora Justinian devoted resources to Constantinople Churches – Hagia Sophia Hippodrome Expanded empire through warfare Justinian Code
Hagia Sophia, Church of the Holy Wisdom, 6th c.
Justinian’s Code of Laws Origin of the English word “justice” Women had more rights They could own property Children allowed to choose their own marriage partners Punishments fit the crime
Nika Rebellion Problem at the gallows Rebellion of two political parties (Blues and Greens) 1/3 rd of city burned Shouted “Nika” (victory) to identify each other Theodora convinced Justinian to stay Rebels met in Hippodrome Justinian bribed Blues Greens slaughtered by army – 30,000 killed
Relations with Western Europe Different languages between east and west Greek versus Latin Different interpretations of Christianity Icons Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other in 1054
Iconoclasm Temporary ban on all religious imagery Byzantines actually destroy many of their great works of art
Cultural Perceptions Byzantines saw Western Europeans as barbarians. Westerners saw Byzantines as sneaky and liars.
Decline and Collapse ( ) The Crusades (1204) Westerners stopped at Constantinople on their way to Holy Land Constantinople sacked by Crusaders
The Fall of Constantinople to the Crusaders, 1204
The Fall of Constantinople to the Muslims In 1453 the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople. Renamed Istanbul and became the capital of the Ottoman Empire.