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American Music “Music is a surrogate for cultural understandings of place and regional stereotypes… and is an excellent vehicle for learning cultural geography.”

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Presentation on theme: "American Music “Music is a surrogate for cultural understandings of place and regional stereotypes… and is an excellent vehicle for learning cultural geography.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 American Music “Music is a surrogate for cultural understandings of place and regional stereotypes… and is an excellent vehicle for learning cultural geography.” Hunter Shobe and David Banis, 2010

2 All music is Blues, all of it! George Carlin

3 Some American Music Types (off the top of my head) Native American Christian Music English ballads Gospel Blues Jazz Rock and Roll Funk Hip Hop/Rap Country Western Blue Grass; Buffalo Grass Western Swing Pop Techno Pop Modern “classical” Show Tunes Jingles Work Songs Rhythm & Blues Heavy Metal Punk Bebop Norteno/Tejano Klezmer Soul Cajun Zydeco Slash grass Acid Rock New Age Christian Rock Muzak Fuzak Indie Rock Polka? Minneapolis sound

4 American Music Types (Wiki map) Grunge Twee pop Riot grit ? Psychedelia Surf Death rock Glam metal Skacore Paisley Underground ? Cow punk Stack key Jawaiian Hula Slack-key Lounge Mormon Folk Mormon Pop Chicken Scratch Lubbock sound Corrido Conjunto Dixieland Piedmont Blues Gullah Music Miami Bass Go Go Amish Philly Sound Swamp pop Death metal Celtic Music? Emo ?

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7 Jazz Geography New Orleans Memphis St. Louis Kansas City Chicago New York Everywhere else

8 John and Alan Lomax: Recordings from the 1920s John Lomax with Uncle Rich Brown in 1940 Allan Lomax performing folk music in Asheville in 1940

9 1901 Minstrel song

10 Pharoah’s Army Got DrownedPharoah’s Army Got Drowned: 1921 Recorded by Thomas Edison

11 East Texas,

12 W.C. Handy, the father of the Blues, Florence, AL,

13 Robert Johnson, , Hazelhurst, MS A Faustian bargain?

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16 Blues Rules

17 Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield) Issaquena County, MS

18 Howlin’ Wolf, Chester Arthur Burnett, White Station, MS

19 KR

20 100 greatest Blues Musicians 1. W.C. Handy 2. Son House 3. Bessie Smith 4. Robert Johnson 5. B.B. King 6. T-Bone Walker 7. Muddy Waters 8. Little Walter 9. Lonnie Johnson 10. John Lee Hooker 11. Blind Lemon Jefferson 12. Elmore James 13. Willie Dixon 14. Freddie King 15. Billie Holiday 16. Stevie Ray Vaughan 17. Charlie Patton 18. Ma Rainey 19. Leadbelly 20. Howlin' Wolf 21. Louis Jordan 22. Big Bill Broonzy 23. Skip James 24. Sonny Boy Williamson I 25. Professor Longhair 26. Mamie Smith 27. Blind Blake 28. Robert Nighthawk 29. Memphis Minnie 30. Leroy Carr 31. Arthur Big Boy Crudup 32. Ida Cox 33. Tampa Red 34. Sonny Boy Williamson II 35. Lightnin' Hopkins 36. Charles Brown 37. Albert King 38. Brownie McGhee 39. Junior Wells 40. Missippi John Hurt 41. Jimmy Reed 42. Ray Charles 43. Blind Willie Johnson 44. Big Mama Thornton 45. Big Joe Turner 46. Albert Collins 47. Sleepy John Estes 48. Rosco Gordon 49. Otis Spann 50. Walter "Furry" Lewis 51. Reverend Gary Davis 52. Big Maceo 53. Blind Boy Fuller 54. Pinetop Smith 55. Hound Dog Taylor 56. Roosevelt Sykes 57. Buddy Guy 58. Johnny Winter 59. Big Joe Williams 60. Missippi Fred McDowell 61. Slim Harpo 62. Etta James 63. Tommy Johnson 64. Big Walter Horton 65. Sippie Wallace 66. Amos Milburn 67. Bobby Blue Bland 68. Victoria Spivey 69. Otis Rush 70. Gus Cannon 71. Sunnyland Sims 72. Magic Sam 73. Memphis Slim 74. Willie Brown 75. John Mayall 76. Big Maybelle 77. Champion Jack Dupree 78. Johnny Shines 79. Julia Lee 80. Josh White 81. Sister Rosetta Tharpe 82. J B Hutto 83. Jesse Fuller 84. Eric Clapton 85. Blind Willie McTell 86. Eddie Taylor 87. Peatie Wheatstraw 88. Wynonie Harris 89. Meade Lux Lewis 90. Jimmy Rushing 91. Taj Mahal 92. KoKo Taylor 93. Charles Musselwhite 94. Luther Allison 95. Frank "Son" Seals 96. Honeyboy Edwards 97. Ruth Brown 98. Barbecue Bob 99. Johnny Ace 100. James Cotton

21 Louis Armstrong , New Orleans

22 KC, K

23 John Coltrane, Hamlet, NC

24 Thelonious Monk, Rocky Mount, NC

25 Dizzy Gillespie Cheraw, SC

26 Miles Davis Alton, Ill & E. St. Louis

27 Billie Holiday Philadelphia

28 Nina Simone Nina Simone Tryon, NC

29 Big Mama Thornton, Montgomery, AL Hound Dog

30 Elvis, Tupelo, MS

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35 Where it all comes from… The blues, a form of music that seems as ancient as the emotions it conveys, is actually less than a hundred years old. Sometime in the mists of the late 1890s, somewhere in the South, some unknown singer (or singers) first settled on the now-familiar three-line verse, with its AAB rhyme scheme and its line length of five stressed syllables, e.g.: Hitch up my pony, saddle up my black mare, I’m gonna find a rider, baby, in the world somewhere. (Charlie Patton, “Pony Blues”)

36 The Genius of the Blues, Luc Sante In 1903, W.C. Handy, dozing in the depot in Tutwiler, Mississippi, while waiting for a train that was nine hours late, was awakened by a ragged black man playing “the weirdest music I had ever heard,” fretting his guitar with a knife to produce an eerie, sliding wail, and singing about “goin’ where the Southern cross the Dog,” i.e., matter-of- factly describing his impending journey to Moorhead, Mississippi. A year earlier Ma Rainey was working a tent show in Missouri when “a girl from town” turned up to sing a “strange and poignant” song that galvanized the audience. When asked what kind of song it was, she said, “It’s the Blues.” Around the same time or a bit earlier Jelly Roll Morton, in New Orleans, heard a piano player and sometime prostitute named Mamie Desdoumes sing a lament that was clearly a blues:

37 I stood on the corner, my feet was dripping wet, I asked every man I met… Can’t you give me a dollar, give me a lousy dime, Just to feed that hungry man of mine…

38 White and Black Geography of American Music

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43 Country Music Rules

44 Hank Williams, , Mt. Olive, AL Lovesick Blues

45 Merle Haggard, 1937, Oildale, CA Workin’ Man Blues

46 George Jones, 1931, Saratoga, TX Things have gone to pieces

47 Waylon Jennings, , Littlefield, TX

48 Willie Nelson, 1933, Arkansas to Abbott, TX

49 Patsy Cline, Winchester, VA

50 Loretta Lynn, 1932 Butcher Holler near Paintsville, KY

51 Dolly Parton, 1946, Sevierville, TN

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