Presentation on theme: "Negative Social Phenomena in USA"— Presentation transcript:
1Negative Social Phenomena in USA Presented by:Souleh Nour El Houda
2Course’s Outline: Words’ definition. General overview on the American Society.Video Games and Junk Food addiction.Bullying in Schools.Plastic Surgery addiction.Trafficing in personsProstitution, pornagraphy.Gay marriage.
4Video-Games Addiction Video-Games Addiction: is a serious loss of control over gaming that leads to significant harm for the player in the real world.
5The down sidesEmotional Problems: depression, social anxiety, anger, …Financial Problems: spending large sums of money on new computer equipment, subscription fees, and of course, new video games, and losing the motivation to work.Health Problems: poor sleep habits, neglecting personal hygiene, obesity, neglecting food…Social Problem: social isolation due to the lack of in-person contact with others.Family Problems: Someone addicted to video games may accuse concerned family members of trying to interfere in their life, may be verbally or physically aggressive when others attempt to limit game-play time, and may try to hide just how much he/she plays.
6What makes video games addictive? What are the signs of videos-games addiction?
8The Hot Dog: In its home country of Germany, the hot dog was called the Frankfurter. It was named after Frankfurt, a German city. Frankfurters were first sold in the United States in the 1860s. Americans called frankfurters "dachshund sausages". A dachshund is a dog from Germany with a very long body and short legs. Dachshund sausages first became popular in New York, especially at baseball games. At games they were sold by men who kept them warm in hot-water tanks. As the men walked up and down the rows of people, they yelled, "Get your dachshund sausages!" people got the sausages on special bread called buns.
9One day in 1906, a newspaper cartoonist named Tad Dorgan went to baseball game. When he saw the men with the dachshund sausages, he got an idea for a cartoon. The next day at the newspaper office, he drew a bun with a dachshund inside. Dorgan didn't know how to spell dachshund, so he wrote "Get your hot dogs!", and the cartoon was a sensation and so was the new name.
10COCA-COLA: In 1886 John Pemberton, a druggist in Atlanta, Georgia, made a brown syrup by mixing coca leaves and cola nuts. Pemberton sold the syrup in his drugstore as a medicine to cure all kinds of problems. Pemberton called his all-purpose medicine "Coca-Cola."When few people bought Coca-Cola, Pemberton sold the recipe to another druggist, Asa Candler who decided to sell Coca-Cola as a soda-Fountain drink instead of a medicine; the syrup was mixed with soda water to make the drink Coca-Cola. Soon everyone was going to soda fountains and asking for Coca- Cola. As of 1903, coca leaves were no longer used in Coca-Cola.????
11The Hamburger: The hamburger has no connection to ham The Hamburger: The hamburger has no connection to ham. It got its name from the German town of Hamburg, which was famous for its ground steak. German immigrants to the United States introduced the "hamburger steak". At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, hamburger steaks were served on buns for the first time. This became the usual way of eating hamburgers. How did the hamburger become the most popular and most typical American food? The introduction of the bun is an important part of the answer. Another important part is McDonald's, the fast food restaurant.
12The first McDonald's was opened in San Bernadino, California, in 1949 The first McDonald's was opened in San Bernadino, California, in Hamburgers were the main item on its menu. People liked the restaurant's fast service. By the 1960s, there were many McDonald's restaurants. There were other fast-food restaurants that sold hamburgers, but McDonald's alone sold millions of hamburgers a year. Today, although McDonald's has expanded its menu, the main item on that menu is _ as always_ the hamburger.
13Facts about junk food and its risks: The prevalence of obesity and obesity related diseases has increased rapidly in the U.S. since the mid 1970s. At the same time, the number of fast food restaurants more than doubled over the same time period, while the number of other restaurants grew at a much slower pace (Chou, Grossman, and Saffer, 2004).from 1985 to 1998, South of the border in the US, the problem is even worse—18% are obese and 61% are overweight.
14Cautions against junk food: In schools: should provide daily physical education, healthier lunch options, and restriction of junk food in it.Policy makers in several cities have responded by restricting the availability or content of fast food, or by requiring posting of the caloric content of the meals (McBride, 2008; Mair et al. 2005).
16Bullying in Schools Definition: Bullying has two key components: repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power. It involves repeated physical, verbal or psychological attacks directed against a victim who cannot properly defend him/herself because of size or strength, or the victim is outnumbered or psychologically resilient.
17What does bullying includes? Bullying includes assault, rumor spreading, isolation, demands for money, possessions’ theft, name-calling…In the United States, several other school behaviors are recognized as forms of bullying, such as:• sexual harassment.• ostracism based on perceived sexual orientation.• hazing (e.g., upper-level high school athletes' imposingpainfully embarrassing initiation rituals on their newfreshmen teammates).
18Facts about bullying:Boy bullies tend to rely on physical aggression more than girls, who often use teasing, rumor-spreading, exclusion, and social isolation.Girls tend to bully girls, while boys bully both. Consistently, studies indicate that boys are more likely to bully than girls.nearly six million children…were involved in bullying (i.e., as target, bully, or both) (Nansel et al., 2001).
19What happened for those who get used to be bullyied??? What’s wrong in these individuals???
20STATISTICS PROVE THAT CHILDREN WHO HAVE BEEN ABUSED AND BULLIED HAVE A HIGHER PROPENSITY FOR USING GUNS!SANTEE, CA., March 2001 – A 15-year-old boy took a .22-caliber revolver from his father's collection of weapons. He brought as many as 40 rounds of ammunion to his high school in his backpack, and fired 30 of them during the shooting. He killed two schoolmates and injured 13 others.LITTLETON, April, Two boys, 17 and 18 years old entered their school, walking through the cafeteria, shooting as they walked. The massacre continued throughout the school. An hour and a half later, 15 were dead, including the two boys who killed themselves.
21Cautions against bullying: The Bullying Prevention Programs involves the total effort of all school staff , as well as students, parents to reduce bullying.• Identifying bullies and their victims.• Applying consistent sanctions against bullies.• Holding regular classroom meetings to discuss bullying with children.• Increasing supervision of children at school.• Rewarding children for good social behaviors.
22Definition of « Plastic Surgery » From the old Greek word « plastikos » meaning "able to be molded”. According the The American Board of Plastic Surgery’s website: «A Plastic surgery deals with the repair, reconstruction, or replacement of physical defects of form or function involving the skin, muscles system, facial structures, breast and trunk, external genitalia or cosmetic enhancement of these areas of the body».
23Types of Plastic Surgeries: Facelift SurgeryEyelid Surgery.Liposuction Surgery.Rhinoplasty Surgery.
24Plastic surgery’s side effectes (in general): These include a bad reaction to the anesthesia, infection, heavy bleeding, and fat or blood clots. In very rare cases nerve damage, skin burns, fluid in the lungs, and injury to internal organs are possible.
25Cautions:Since the government can’t impose rules against what people want, they have decided to provide the American’s by a very capable surgeons, in order, to avoid any dangerous side effects.
27Persons’ TraffickingThe United States is a transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subject to trafficking in persons. Human trafficking happens in the United States to both U.S. citizens and noncitizens, and occurs in every state. Most of the victims are U.S. citizens and Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs). Based on national criminal justice and victim assistance data collected by UNODC, an estimated 58% of all trafficking cases involved sex trafficking, while 36% involved labor trafficking.
28Related vocabularyPimp: a man or woman who procures clients for a prostitute.John: is a prostitute’s client.
29Facts about prostitution 92% of women engaged in prostitution said they wanted to leave prostitution, but couldn't because they lack basic human services such as a home, job training, health care, counseling and treatment for drug or alcohol addiction. 130 people in prostitution were surveyed in San Francisco, California, as part of a study … Respondents ranged in age from 12 to 61, with an average age of 28. Nearly 40% were white European/American, one-third were African American, and almost 20% were Latina. ("People in prostitution suffer from wartime trauma symptoms caused by acts of violence against them," Business Wire, 18 August 1998).
30Facts about prostitution: Girls involved in prostitution are increasingly getting younger. Child prostitution in the United States began to escalate in the late 1980’s after new laws made it more difficult for officials to detain runaway children. (Lois Lee, founder of Children of the Night, Brad Knickerbocker, "Prostitution’s Pernicious Reach Grows in the US," Christian Science Monitor, 23 October 1996).In Ohio, over the past seven years, the average age when a girl enters prostitution has decreased from 16 to 14. Why?? From 75 to 95% of all prostitutes were sexually abused as children. Many prostitutes are high school dropouts, come from poor, move from place to place and are alcoholics or drug addicts. (Debra Boyer, U. Washington, Susan Breault of the Paul & Lisa Program, "Danger for prostitutes increasing, most starting younger," Beacon Journal, 21 September 1997).
31Facts about prostitution Adults working in prostitution reported the following:• 82% had been physically assaulted;• 83% had been threatened with a weapon;• 68% had been raped while working as a prostitute;• 84% experienced current or past homelessness.
32Pornography:In 1998, the United States was the world's largest consumer of child pornography. (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes, Poona Antaseeda, "Expert urges global law to end child pornography on the Internet," Bangkok Post, 3 June 1998).The pornography industry in the United States grosses $8 billion annually. (Jennifer Bowles, "Porn Conference Gets Under Way," Associated Press, 7 August 1998).Americans spend a totally of $10 billion annually on pornographic videos, adult cable and cybersex.Playboy merchandise, video and music catalogs generate $15 million each quarter, and should increase due to electronic commerce.
33Policies, laws and cautions: In July 1998, the United States Senate voted to require Web sites to restrict to adults access to commercial material unsuitable for minors. ("Senators split on effort to filter Net for kids," Milwaukee Sentinel & Journal, 24 August 1998).Rejecting arguments by 600 pornography distributors under the name "Free Speech“. A federal judge in San Francisco upheld an expanded federal child pornography law that bans computer-generated sexual images of children and pornography featuring adults depicted as minors. (Bob Egelko, "Judge Upholds Computer Porn Law," Associated Press, 12 August 1997).In Massachusetts, possession of child pornography a felony punishable by up to five years in prison and up to $10,000 in fines.
34Gay Marriage:The United States (Massachusetts) National survey data suggest that between 2% and 2.5% of U.S. men and women are gay or lesbian. Many advocates believe these surveys are under-counts.
35Gay Marriage:Massachusetts. Same-sex couples have been able to marry in Massachusetts (the only U.S. jurisdiction that recognizes gay marriage) since May 17, State law specifies that only Massachusetts residents may enter into same-sex marriages. In 2004, in the first 7 months of legal gay marriage, 5,994 same-sex couples got married in Massachusetts.
36Gay marriage will topple the foundation of society. Traditional heterosexual marriage preserves the family.