Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virus that destroys the infection fighting T cells in the body. Flulike symptoms as immune system is compromised.
People with HIV are susceptible to many opportunistic infections. Infections that develop because of a weak immune system. Thrush Tuberculosis Kaposi’s sarcoma (Cancer)
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ½ of all people infected with HIV develop AIDS within 10 years. A person with HIV who has less then 200 helper T cells per microliter of blood.
HIV is in most body fluids. Spread through contact of body fluids. Increased risks: 1) Having multiple sex partners. 2) Having sex with a prostitute. 3) Having other STD’s.
Closed mouth kissing, hugging Touching, holding hands Coughing or sneezing Sharing food or eating utensils Sharing towels or combs Sharing bathroom facilities or water fountains. Being bitten by insects Donating blood. Swimming in a pool. Using sports equipment.
Blood test to test for antibodies. These antibodies show up 3 – 6 months after infection. 2 main blood test- ELISA and Western Blot test. Used together – correct 99.9% of time.
There is no cure for HIV infection or AIDS. Treatment focuses on slowing the progression of the virus. Antiretroviral drugs slow virus replication. HIV treatment – HAART – Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy. Combination of 3 drugs.
1) Abstain from sex 2) Do not open mouth kiss an infected person. 3)Change behavior is sexually active in the past. 4) Monogamous marriage 5) Do not inject illegal drugs.
6) change drug behaviors 7) don’t share needles. 8) Follow universal precautions. 9) Inquire about safety of blood transfusion or tissue transplant.