Presentation on theme: "Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography GEOG 113C – Geography of East and Southeast Asia Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Topic 3."— Presentation transcript:
Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography GEOG 113C – Geography of East and Southeast Asia Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Topic 3 – Pacific Asian Economy and Society A – The Social Landscape B – Pacific Asian Development
2. Rice ■ Major farming and settlement patterns Swidden in the uplands: Shifting agriculture or “slash and burn”.slash and burn Vegetation is burned to transfer nutrients to the soil. Plots are planted in until soil nutrients are exhausted. Plots are abandoned an vegetation and returns to its original form (takes at least 10 years). Sustainable when populations are small and stable. Rice in the lowlands: Irrigation systems. Fixed large quantities of labor in the countryside. Plantation agriculture: Began with European colonization. Often located on coasts because of the need to transport overseas. Products like rice, rubber, cane sugar, tea, pineapple, and copra.