Presentation on theme: "Baltimore Polytechnic Institute November 6, 2013 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green."— Presentation transcript:
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute November 6, 2013 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green
Objective: Describe and explain the growth of Mass Democracy in the 1820s. Indicate how the alleged corrupt bargain of 1824 and Adams’ unpopular presidency set the stage for Jackson’s election in 1828. AP Focus Andrew Jackson handily wins the popular vote in the 1824 election but fails to win the necessary electoral votes. The U.S. House of Representatives selects his opponent, John Quincy Adams. But in 1828, Jackson easily defeats Adams, ushering in what many see as a period of democratic growth. Claiming he is attacking entrenched political forces, Jackson rewards his political supporters with patronage positions in government.
CHAPTER THEME The election to the presidency of the frontier aristocrat and common person’s hero, Andrew Jackson, signaled the end of the older elitist political leadership represented by John Quincy Adams. A new spirit of mass democracy and popular involvement swept through American society, bringing new energy, as well as conflict and corruption to public life.
Hand in HOMEWORK DUE TUESDAY!!!!!!!!!! 1810s decade chart, 1824 map Submit Presidential Election Charts 1804-1816 Submit Presidential Election Charts 1828, 1832, 1836, 1840 next week Decades Chart for the 1820’s due MONDAY
Highly successful secretary of state Entered presidency under the auspices of corruption-Discuss 1824 election Did not reward followers Supported federal funding of roads and canals Change in public sentiment around nationalism states’ rights Georgia staved off Washington intervention on behalf of the Cherokees Andrew Jackson campaigned throughout the Adams’ Presidency
Presented as a rough-hewn frontiersman/champion of the common man Actually a wealthy planter and slave owner Mudslinging campaign Jackson’s wife a bigamist/adulteress She dies before becoming 1 st lady Jackson’s mom a prostitute Adams had gambling tables in the White house Served as a pimp for the Russian Tsar Jackson won 178-83 Political center shifted from the eastern seaboard to the emerging states-WHY?
Tariff of 1824 increased duties significantly, and Adams signed an increase in 1828 Southerners hated the 1828 tariff Sold cotton and other goods in a world market without tariffs Forced to buy goods protected by tariffs. Role of federal government in addressing slavery South Carolina led in protesting Tariff with Vice-President Calhoun leading the way
Frontier Aristocrat Owned many slaves Lived in a mansion Inauguration included a diverse crowd of followers looking for jobs Spoils System to the victor goes the spoils Federal appointments would be dolled out based on loyalty to Jackson
South Carolina attempted to nullify the bill in the South Carolina state legislature did not have enough votes Nullification played the leading role in the state election of 1832 in South Carolina Jackson prepared militarily for enforcement of the tariff Compromise Tariff of 1833 by Clay reduce tariff by 10% over 8 years Force Bill-president could use force to collect customs and duties
5 Civilized Tribes-Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, and Seminoles Georgia took the lead to push Natives out, while Native Americans won 2 cases in the US Supreme Court “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it” Indian Removal Act in 1830-move to Oklahoma Black Hawk War of 1832
Bank of the U.S. up for re-charter in 1836 Henry Clay thought this would be a good political tool in the 1832 Presidential election If Jackson signed it, he would alienate his supporters of the West who hated the bank If Jackson vetoed the bill, he would alienate the wealthy and influential groups of the East Jackson vetoed the bank bill in the face of McCulloch v. Maryland
Changes in the nation around voter participation, campaigning, and governing
Continue reading Chapter 13 to the end Complete 1820’s decade chart Presidential Election Chart 1820, 1824, 1828, 1832 Identifications for Unit 4