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Women’s Sexuality and Gender Roles Across Different Cultures By Sara Petersen, Stephanie Brongel, Liz Kiebel, and Kelsey Majewski-Jensen.

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Presentation on theme: "Women’s Sexuality and Gender Roles Across Different Cultures By Sara Petersen, Stephanie Brongel, Liz Kiebel, and Kelsey Majewski-Jensen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women’s Sexuality and Gender Roles Across Different Cultures By Sara Petersen, Stephanie Brongel, Liz Kiebel, and Kelsey Majewski-Jensen

2 Get Ready to Join Us… …on our journey through the cultural norms that affect the lives of millions of women in 4 major countries around the world.

3 Overview ~Dress/roles ~Marriage/divorce ~Women in the workforce ~Prostitution/human trafficking ~Rape ~Female genital mutilation ~Abortion ~Myths ~Discussion

4 ~Differs from place to place *West Africa *Hausa communities How Women Dress in Africa

5 Women’s Roles in Japan ~Women expected to be extremely self-sacrificial *yet still considered less important to society than men. ~Confucian teachings *" A woman is to obey her father as daughter, her husband as wife, and her son as aged mother"

6 Marriage in Africa ~Differs from place to place. *West Africa *Mali *Nigeria *Hausa girls ~Polygamy

7 Divorce in Africa ~Differs from place to place. *West Africa *Kano *Ghana

8 Marriage in India ~ Arranged ~ Dowry system ~ Love marriages

9 Marriage Customs in China ~Dowry system ~Minimum age: 22 for men, 20 for women ~“Free love” more acceptable today than previously in History

10 Women in the workforce in Africa ~Differs from place to place. *Social standing

11 Japanese Women in the Workforce ~Many Japanese women are doing study abroad programs to gain higher education and better work opportunities outside of Japan. ~Women expected to leave career for children ~Many women correlate better opportunities with marrying a white husband

12 ~ Discrimination ~ Don’t move very high up corporate ladder ~ Views towards working outside the home Women in the workforce in India

13 Chinese Women in the Workforce ~Top 10 jobs for women: *No. 1 Toy Designer *No. 2 Home Designer *No. 3 HR Manager *No. 4 Career Development Facilitator *No. 5 Yoga Coach *No. 6 Foreign-language-speaking Tourist Guide *No. 7 Perfumer *No. 8 Cartoon Draftsman *No. 9 Public Nutritionist *No. 10 Parent-offspring Education Teacher

14 ~Driven by poverty ~HIV Prostitution in Africa

15 Prostitution in Japan ~prostitution is illegal but still very prevalent and socially accepted ~one third of all prostitutes are teenagers ~Ranks as a number 2 in the U.S. 3- tiered system

16 Trafficking: India ~ 1.3 million children in sex trade ~ Sends and receives children Prostitution ~ 10 million prostitutes ~ Forced into it ~ Treated badly

17 Prostitution in China ~Illegal but widely tolerated ~“Karaoke” clubs guarded by Chinese police

18 Rape/Human Trafficking in China ~Women sold involuntarily-tricked ~Tier 2 watch list

19 Rape in Japan ~many cases of rape are by gangs ~rape is a socially acceptable act of passion. *women who resist rape don’t mean it ~although the sentence for rape is between 2 and 15 years in prison *uncommon to get more than 5 years. former WWII comfort woman Lee Yong Soo, 78

20 Female Circumcision ~Religion ~3 types of female circumcision

21 “Female Circumcision”

22 Genital Mutilation in China ~Done to “Protect women” ~Male insecurities are actually the reason…

23 Abortion Laws in Japan ~In Japan, women under certain conditions are allowed to abort ~This was determined to be 21 weeks

24 Abortion ~ Promote Abortion ~ Don’t want females

25 Abortion in China ~Multiple abortions common ~One child policy *Physicians banned from revealing sex

26 ~Creation of women ~Ashanti Women * “Ye ko bisa aberewa” Myths about African Women

27 Myths in Japan ~Kenash Unarabe i *monster drinker of blood which attacks the hunters *can help the women during the childbirth *called upon during childbirth and during menstruation to clean up the pollution *her reward is the flowing blood

28 Chinese Myths about Women ~Bad luck ~Dangerous ~Seducers & Temptresses ~Menstruating women *Banned from fields- harm to crops *No cooking- poison food *Unclean

29 Ideas-Let’s Be Open-minded ~What can we do to end human trafficking? *What are its causes? Economic? Social? ~Should women contribute to the workforce or to home stability? ~Should women should the U.N. try to implement stronger laws in regards to abortion, prostitution, etc?

30 Conclusion ~Women’s sexuality, especially across different cultures, is very different and controversial. ~It can be hard for people from different backgrounds to understand various practices.

31 References Arranged marriages and dowry system of India. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from Pardesi Web site: Booher, B., (2000). Nightwork: Sexuality, Pleasure, and Corporate Masculinity in a Tokyo Hostess Club and Permitted & Prohibited Desires: Mothers, Comics and Censorship in Japan. University of Chicago Press. Boys versus girls. (2008, February 11). The Statesman,1. Retrieved November 20, 2008, from ProQuest Newsstand database. ( Document ID: ) Bureau of Public Affairs, (2004, May, 24). Facts about human trafficking. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from U.S. Department of State Web site:

32 References Coleman, J. Pornography Easy To Find in Japan. Associated Press, October 1997 Dunlop, J. E. (1999, January). Women and the Economy in India. U.S. Census Bureau, the Official Statistics, from pdfhttp://www.census.gov/ipc/prod/wid pdf Friedman, S., (1992).Women in Japanese Society: Their Changing Roles Fury over Japan rape gaffe (2003, June 27). BBC News [UK]. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from news.bbc.co.uk. Garbrah, S. Ashanti. Retrieved December 1, 2008, Web site: 7http://www.ashanti.com.au/index.html? Heitzman, James and Robert L. Worden, editors. India: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, Retrieved November 20, 2008, from Hughes, D. M. (2005, June, 19). “ How can I be sold like this? ” The trafficking of North Korean women refugees. National Review, from

33 References India Facts on Prostitution. Retrieved December 1, 2008, Web site: India's female workforce grows. (2006, December, 5). Rediff India Abroad, f rom Kelskey, K., (2000). Japanese Women's Diaspora: An Interview. Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, 4. Mbiti, J. (1988). The role of women in African traditional religion. Cahiers des Religions Africaines, 22, from My mother didn't want a girl so I was sent away. (2007, April 18). Evening Standard,1. Retrieved November 20, 2008, from ProQuesNewsstand database. (Document ID: ).

34 References Nigeria: Underground sex in the conservative north. (2008, August, 15). Plus News, from One rape every 26 seconds in South Africa. (2008, November, 18). The Times of India, from conds_in_South_Africa/articleshow/ cms Patt, M. (2009). Human trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage & forced prostitution. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from Human Trafficking Website Web site: Prostitution in India. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from Indianchild Web site: Rape Debate In Japan As Six Men Linked To Prestigious College Face Gang Rape Charges (2003, September 2). CBS News [U.S.]. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from

35 References Samhita, (2005). Women only make up 6% of India's workforce. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from feministing.com Web site: Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding, (2001). Chinese Marriage. China Now, 130, from Tokyo cracks down on teenage prostitution ‘ clubs ’, (August 13, 1997) Reuters. Retrieved November 25, 2008 from, Washington Post article html

36 References West Africa. Retrieved December 1, 2008, Web site: Yamamoto K, Yamamoto Y, Hayase T (1993). Abteilung f ü r Rechtsmedizin, Medizinischen Fakult ä t, Universit ä t Kyoto. Arch Kriminol, 191, Yamamoto KYamamoto YHayase T 2008 Top 10 Professions for Women in China. (2008). Retrieved December 1, 2008, from All-China Women's Federation Web site:


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