Illness ______________________________ Disease _______________________________ Wellness Some cultures _______________________
1990’s = _________________________________ Ex. Farmer’s work as an MD & anthropologist “illness narratives” = your story, your words, your experience with illness 2000 = Using _________________as a tool to examine _______________________ ________________
Originally ____________________________ _________________likely serving as a contamination reservoir. The disease spread by _____________to Russia, then W. Europe, and finally N. America. Today Not a high concern health threat in ____________ Heavily affects populations in ________________
Medical Anthropology: Cholera in Haiti Paul Farmer and colleagues: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Information available at http://anthropologyworks.com/index.php/2010/12/12/five-steps-against-cholera-in-haiti/
Anthropological Study of AIDS Background: Infancy – late 1980s early 1990s AIDS and Anthropology Research Group – 1987 Western and non-western cultures
Anthropological Study of AIDS China Haiti South Africa Paul Farmer
Anthropological Study of AIDS Renaud’s study Legal (registered) prostitute community & non-prostitute community Kaolack, Senegal 1. 2. 3. Worked from a local health clinic
Anthropological Research and AIDS Prior knowledge about research starting: Approximately ______________________ in Kaolack were HIV positive Renaud’s research ___________________________________ ____________________________________
Anthropological Research and AIDS Information Gathered: A high % of prostitutes ________________with clients In their relationships, ________________________ Non-prostitutes also reported being reluctant to _____________________________________
Anthropological Research and AIDS Renaud’s conclusion from her research: Women did “_________________ _____________________________” Asking their partners to ______ ___________________________
Anthropological Research and AIDS Research has found links between: Local sociocultural processes that create a risk environment for infection AND Lifeworlds of sufferers to the global political economy Heavy focus on Africa 1. 2. 3. Information taken from: Schoeph, BG. (2001). Critical Perspective on the Crisis. Annual Review of Anthropology 30:335-361.
Anthropological Research and AIDS Information taken from: Schoeph, BG. (2001). Critical Perspective on the Crisis. Annual Review of Anthropology 30:335-361.
Anthropological Research and AIDS Worldwide, impact of HIV/AIDS is similar for men and women Sub-Saharan Africa, ______________________ Why does AIDS affect more women in this region? 1. 2. 3. 4.
Anthropological Research and AIDS Through 1990s publically denied AIDS as a viral infection 1. 2. 2000 – internationally rejected AIDS as a viral infection 1.