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Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger. Chapters 1 & 2  Holden introduced and narrating  Describes his childhood as “lousy” and parents as nice, but “touchy.

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Presentation on theme: "Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger. Chapters 1 & 2  Holden introduced and narrating  Describes his childhood as “lousy” and parents as nice, but “touchy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger

2 Chapters 1 & 2  Holden introduced and narrating  Describes his childhood as “lousy” and parents as nice, but “touchy as hell”  Pursuing an aimless and self destructive path  Self described as perpetual failure  Disregard for others & displays contempt for all characters mentioned  Holden visits Mr. & Mrs. Spencer’s house and describes it as depressing  Fourth private school he has been kicked out of  Holden is more than the conventional disaffected teen--he has deeply rooted issues/problems that follow him from school to school  His appearance is adult-like (tall stature & prematurely grey hair) while he is still immature

3 Chapters 3 & 4  Admits to being a “most terrific liar”, however it is unclear if people like Mr. Spencer believe Holden’s lies  Self-delusional… berates others for being phony, yet he displays the same characteristics  Ackley-oblivious to all social graces; vulgar; unclean  Stradlater-self centered and arrogant  Holden’s disgust for school and phonies is not completely unfounded  Holden--reliable narrator?  Holden analyzes Stradlater  Labels him a “secret slob” as opposed to Ackley  Stradlater tells Holden about his date with Jane Gallagher (Holden’s former neighbor)  Stradlater asks Holden to write a paper for him but not too well  Holden--erratic & impulsive—ie. giving Stradlater the half nelson

4 Chapters 5 & 6  Holden goes to movie in New York City with Ackley and Mal Brossard  When they return, Holden tells Ackley to leave after he lies again about having sex with a girl.  Holden has to write the essay for Stradlater  Writes about dead brother Allie’s baseball mitt (Allie, 2 years younger, died of leukemia)  The night Allie dies, Holden punches and breaks all of the windows in his garage  First major indication of Holden’s psychological difficulties  Stradlater returns, asks to read the essay and is annoyed it is only about a baseball mitt  Holden tears it and then asks about the date with Jane Gallagher  When Holden doesn’t like Stradlater’s response, he starts a fight  Tearing up of the essay and the fight displays the erratic and uncontrollable behavior Holden exhibits…. Beyond normal teenage impulses

5 Chapters 7 & 8  Holden goes to Ackley’s room and fixates on his concern for Jane  Decides to leave Pencey early  Typical of his behavioral pattern: impulsive, selfish, and aimless  “Sleep tight, ya morons!”  Has a sense that he is different and better than the others at Pencey  Holden meets Mrs. Morrow, Ernest Morrow’s mom, and gives her the Pencey janitor’s name of Rudolf Schmidt  Holden lies to her and tells her he has a brain tumor and cannot visit during the summer because he will be in South America with his grandmother  Displays Holden’s contempt for adults and authority figures  He mocks Mrs. Morrow  His lies become more outlandish and shameless  Treats her horribly--ridiculing and as a sexual object

6 Chapters 9 & 10  Edmond Hotel--shabby room where he is voyeuristic and watches people in other rooms  Considers calling Jane Gallagher again  Ends up calling Faith Cavendish--former burlesque stripper and not quite a prostitute.  Asks her to get a drink and she denies him  Juxtaposition of Jane Gallagher and Faith Cavendish  Holden waivers in indecision particularly at beginning of chapter  Describes Phoebe--intelligent, similar to Allie in physical appearance, emotional  She writes books about a female detective named Hazel Weatherfield  Holden goes to the Lavender Room meets three women he describes as “sad” for having a purpose (RCMH)  Holden is cynical--especially about adults  Allie, Phoebe, and Jane Gallagher represent innocence and childhood to Holden  Another pseudonym--Jim Steele

7 Chapters 11 & 12  Holden thinks about Jane Gallagher and reveals several things:  How they first met (her dog)  She is the only person with whom he shared Allie’s mitt  Allie’s death is significant in Holden’s life, yet he is secretive and private about Allie-- repressing emotions that may eventually emerge  Reinforces Holden’s suspicions of adults--Mr. Cudahy, Jane’s alcoholic stepfather--Holden suspects he abused Jane  He gets in a cab on his way to Ernie’s, a nightclub in Greenwich Village, and a place D.B. frequented  Chats with Horwitz, the cab driver, asking about where the duck go in the winter--Horwitz thinks it is a stupid question  Runs into D.B.’s former girlfrield, Lillian Simmons and she introduces him to a Navy commander she is dating  Holden displays hostility towards everyone he meets  He is fixated on the phoniness of others, while expressing his own false exterior

8 Chapters 13 & 14  Walks back to hotel and decides he can confront verbally, however he cannot confront someone physically (stolen gloves)  Elevator man, Maurice asks him if he wants some “tail” and offers a prostitute for $5  Sunny arrives and does not believe Holden is 22 yrs. He finally makes up an excuse to get out of getting “tail”, but still pays her  Holden is immature to those around him  After Sunny leaves Holden talks to Allie, which he does often when he is depressed  Maurice and Sunny return and argue about the money  Sunny comes in and takes the money, Holden cries, and Maurice punches him in the stomach  Holden imagines a gangster scene where he shoots Maurice  Self-destructive behavior  Thoughts of suicide--clear sign of his despair

9 Chapters 15 & 16  Calls Sally Hayes and sets up a date to see a movie  Reveals his father is a wealthy corporation lawyer and his mother has not been well since Allie’s death  Grand Central Station-meets nuns and speaks with them about R & J  Notices/comments on cheap suitcases--hypocritical--although he despises the actions of the upper class and their judgemental attitude (Stradlater), he too belongs to this upper class and buys into their behaviors and value system  Holden buys Phoebe a record by Estelle Fletcher called “Little Shirley Beans”  Hears a kid singing “If a body catch a body coming through the rye”-Holden less depressed  Buys tickets for I Know My Love starring the Lunts  Phoebe’s friends tell him she is in the Museum of Natural History  Holden is preoccupies with Phoebe, even more so than with his date with Sally  Fascination with Phoebe-- longing for childhood; resists change; fears maturity

10 Chapters 17 & 18  Holden meets Sally at the Biltmore and wants to marry her  He becomes irritated with her when she continues mentioning she knows people  He continues complaining about everything: taxicabs, living in NY, phonies, etc.  Proposes they run away to the woods and get married  Sally responds there will be time enough for that after college  Contradictory feelings about Sally (marriage/ “royal pain in the ass”)  He is unaware of his uncouth behavior--yelling at Sally in the restaurant   Holden promptly forgets about Sally and immediately returns to reminiscing about Jane   Calls Carl Luce, a friend from Whooton School, and plans a meeting that night   Goes to a war movie and becomes irritated with a woman who becomes emotional   Thinks about D.B.’s experience in the war--D.B. made him read A Farewell to Arms   Holden can analyze others accurately at times, which means that it is external factors leading to his psychological difficulties

11 Chapters 19 & 20  Holden meets Carl Luce at the Wicker Bar  Holden immediately returns to his preoccupations with sex and begins asking Carl very personal questions  Carl is offended and tells Holden how inappropriate his questions are  Carl suggests that Holden sees a psychiatrist/ psychoanalyst  Significant that a peer is suggesting this  Carl is so irritated with Holden’s behavior hat he leaves  Holden stays at the bar and get very drunk  He makes a late night call to Sally which angers both Sally and her grandmother  He decides to walk to the duck pond and sit at a bench.  He thinks he is going to get pneumonia and imagines his funeral  He missed Allie’s funeral because he was in the hospital after breaking the windows  He worries about how Phoebe will react to his death  He decides to go home to sneak in and see Phoebe in case it is the last time he will see her again

12 Chapters 21 & 22  Holden arrives home and sneaks in to see Phoebe who is asleep in D.B.’s room  He watcher her sleep and remarks that children, unlike adults, are peaceful when they sleep  Phoebe awakens and is excited to see Holden; she tells him story after story  After she realizes that he is home early and has been kicked out of school again, she worries that their father is going to kill him  Phoebe=manifestation of Holden’s idealization of childhood  Phoebe is realistic and confronts Holden on his unrealistic comments-- at 9, she even realizes he is immature and has no direction  Holden returns to Phoebe after getting cigarettes and tries to explain why he has been kicked out  She wants him to tell her one thing he actually likes  He begins to think about James Castle (J.C.) who committed suicide at Elkton Hills  Holden tells Phoebe that the one think he likes is Allie--she reminds him that Allie is dead  She asks him what he wants to do with his life…he responds with “if a body catch a body comin’ through the rye.”  Holden wants to “save” the children who come too close to the edge…he wants to preserve innocence…  Phoebe corrects him and says that the Robert Burns poem is actually, “if a body MEET a body coming through the rye”

13 Chapters 23 & 24  Holden leaves to call Mr. Antolini, the one teacher who was able to approach James Castle’s body.  Mr. Antolini offers him a place to stay for the night  Holden and Phoebe dance in the room and then hear their parents come enter  He hides and when everything is clear he tells Phoebe good-bye, she gives him her Christmas savings, he breaks down and cries, and gives her his red hunting hat  Sub-consciously, Holden is reaching out and feels a connection with Mr. Antolini because of his interaction with James Castle  Holden goes to Mr. Antolini’s house and sees that they have just had a party. Mr. Antolini has been drinking and Mrs. Antolini goes to make coffee.  Mr. Antolini is genuinely concerned about Holden and his future  Mr. Antolini warns Holden of a fall that he will experience if he doesn’t mature and change  Holden finally goes to sleep  He is awakened abruptly by Mr. Antolini with his hand on Holden’s head gently petting him  Holden misinterprets Mr. Antolini’s actions and leaves quickly  Most likely, Mr. Antolini’s actions are a fatherly gesture; he is genuinely concerned about Holden’s mental stability  Holden, however, is rash

14 Chapters 25 & 26  Holden has left Mr. Antolini’s house and is wondering if he made the right decision.  Trying to find a place to eat breakfast, he keeps stepping off of the curb and wondering if he’ll just keep falling and disappear.  Holden is near collapse as he talks to his dead brother, Allie, for help.  Holden is outraged at profanity scrawled on the walls of Phoebe’s school and at the museum.  Holden met Phoebe to say goodbye but she convinces him to stay (a decision that is surprisingly easy after all of this).  Phoebe rides the carousel, another element of life that is in motion yet doesn’t change.  Holden is so damned happy at this point that he feels like bawling.  His story ends here because that’s all Holden wants to tell us.

15 Important Characters  Holden Caulfield  D.B.  Phoebe  Allie  Jane Gallagher  Mr. Antolini  James Castle

16 Themes  Alienation as self- protection  Phoniness of the adult world  Coming of age  Hypocrisy and superficiality

17 Motifs  What is a motif? Something in the story that repeats itself Something in the story that repeats itself Similar to a theme but doesn’t provide a message or a lesson Similar to a theme but doesn’t provide a message or a lesson  Loneliness  Relationships, intimacy, sexuality (all relate to the greater theme of alienation)  Deception

18 Symbols  The “Catcher in the Rye”  Holden’s red hunting hat  Ducks in the Central Park Lagoon  The Museum of Natural History


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