Presentation on theme: "HEBREW NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Conquest of Canaan Week 12."— Presentation transcript:
HEBREW NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Conquest of Canaan Week 12
Wiki: igures_identified_in_extra-Biblical_sources igures_identified_in_extra-Biblical_sources Caveat: I know nothing about archaeology.
Retelling of Balaam’s story, around 800 BC. Indicates that people were familiar with this story for a long time.
Taken from “Merneptah Stele”, published by AllAboutGOD.com Ministries, M. Houdmann, P. Matthews-Rose, R. Niles, editors, Used by permission." Earliest exra-biblical reference to Israel yet found. Dates to ~1200BC, right at this time period.
From 1400 BC. (Time of Moses) Written tablets referring to Canaan and specific cities. Scholars used to believe this time period was BEFORE man knew how to write. Whoops. They refer to all 5 cities of the plain from Genesis 14 (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim and Zoar) – even in the same order. Scholars used to think these cities were legendary. Whoops.
Review: Tribes on east side of river?
God’s battle plans don’t always make sense, at first. He doesn’t call us to understand everything; he calls us to obey anyway! But what about Rahab? ◦ Is this an implicit endorsement of situational ethics? ◦ What about her mention in faith’s hall of fame? ◦ Why did the spies go straight to a prostitute?
“Honey, does this dress make my rear look big?” The ever-famous church gunman or Gestapo agent. Her options: ◦ Tell the truth outright: kill God’s servants. ◦ Be silent: probably going to lead to a search of her house. ◦ Swerve: “I haven’t seen them lately…” “I don’t know exactly where they are…” ◦ Lie: “They went that way!”
The Ten Commandments: Do not bear false witness against your neighbor… (See also Leviticus 19:11; Proverbs 6:16-19; Ephesians 4:25; Colossians 3:9—and Rev 21:8!) The Nature of God ◦ Hebrews 6:18 “…in which it was impossible for God to lie…” ◦ Titus 1:2 “…God, who cannot lie…” ◦ The Nature of a Lie ◦ John 8:44 Her blessings in NT: ◦ Hebrews 11:31 ◦ James 2:25 Oh yeah…she’s still a PROSTITUTE! Now…she could just be an inn-keeper, according to the Hebrew word, but the NT clarifies: she’s a lady of the night. …and she’s in the lineage of Jesus in Matthew 1 Is this a catch-22? Which is “more wrong”? Lying to the forces of evil or helping them?
What euphemism is used repeatedly in the OT about someone’s death? “Gathered to his people” Two meanings: ◦ Literally: getting shoved in the family tomb ◦ Figurative: going to meet those who’ve “gone on before” (not all uses of this phrase are with communal burial plots…) God’s people always have understood that death isn’t final.
No longer extant: a book by that name from the 1700’s (AD) is not the same. Joshua 10:13 and 2 Samuel 1:18 “book of the upright” or “righteous one” Ancient Syriac OT translation: “book of praises” or “book of hymns” Many other unknown books ◦ Some are no longer extant ◦ Some are “nicknames” for portions of scripture ◦ Some may be apocryphal
The eastern tribes’ altar The Levites’ inheritance (GOD) p.330 and 333 The LORD hardening hearts in Joshua 11 (p320)