Presentation on theme: "WP4. National Identity and the Media Synthesis Report Ioana Mohor-Ivan and Michaela Praisler."— Presentation transcript:
WP4. National Identity and the Media Synthesis Report Ioana Mohor-Ivan and Michaela Praisler
Research Teams Dunărea de Jos University of Galati, Romania (coordinator); Panteion University, Greece; Euro-Balkan Institute, FYRoM.
Aims to focus on media(ted) representations of national identity as brought forth by migration and gender-related issues; to identify the dialectical process of identity formation manifest in the interplay of auto- and hetero-images; to emphasise similarities and dissimilarities in perceiving the self and the other as indicative of vernacular attitudes within cultures; to raise awareness as to the role of the media in (re)negotiating cross-cultural image-making in a shifting and expanding European space, where multiculturalism and migration restructure intercommunal relations within and beyond the nation-state.
Methodology Imagology: the (diachronic) study of intercultural relations in terms of mutual perceptions, images and self-images; Textual analysis: the analytical reading of media narratives; Critical discourse analysis: the (synchronic) interpretation of texts as illustrative of the socio-political context.
Corpus ROMANIAGREECEFYROM Film 8 feature films 7 documentaries 11 feature films 6 documentaries 2 feature films 2 documentaries Written Press 1551 articles 176 articles 21 articles
Migration Patterns and Issues RGF FPFPFP the risks and costs of (il)legal migration labour migration obtaining citizenship through marriage sex work/trafficking for sexual exploitation child-abandonment criminality inter-/intra-ethnic conflict/divergence the gradual extinction of local cultures
Gender Politics of Representation RGF FPFPFP increased feminisation of migration a gender-balanced view on migration a gender-neutral profile of the migrant male migrant figures only
Society and Institutions ROMANIAGREECEFYROM migrant-sending society migrant-receiving society transit space in transition from communism to capitalism in transition from nationalist attitudes to current tolerance in transition as regards perspectives on ethnicity and religion underrepresentation of institutional frame regulating migration, or supporting migrants’ integration overrepresentation of the institution of marriage as facilitating migration and integration
Cultural Representations: Film ROMANIAGREECEFYROM Home displacement, moral confusion, loss of tradition (metaphor of death) myth of the desolate Eastatomisation along ethnic, religious and political lines Host myth of the West as attraction and disillusionment. myth of the West resumed then deconstructed myth of the West experienced and denied The Migrant the adventurer (victim, exile, adapter) the prodigal son/daughter (exile, criminal) the illegal worker (trafficked prostitute, criminal) the (il)legal (domestic) worker the asylum-seeker the trafficked prostitute the hybrid (adventurer, exile) the prodigal son (exile, victim) the subcultural other Gender womanhood: foregrounded, but traditionally encoded masculinity: conflates the roles of victimiser and victim womanhood: confined within domesticity and sexuality masculinity: both agent and object of victimisation womanhood: backgrounded, trapped inside patriarchy at home masculinity: foregrounded (victim and victimiser) the gender-transgressor
Cultural Representations: Press ROMANIAGREECEFYROM Home unattractive labour market (migration: economically induced) implied poverty of the Easteconomic aspects are not conducive of emigration, but account for transit migration Host the West as material fulfilment vs. the xenophobic West positive attitudes towards the migrant (counters ingrained hostility) The Migrant the strawberry-picker vs. the immigrant diaspora the criminal of Roma ethnicity vs. the criminal Roma/nian the victim the (il)legal (domestic) worker individual histories instead of stereotypes overemphasis of gender identity over national and ethnic identity the Eastern European trafficked prostitute the victim of patriarchy the object of trade and inflicted violence Gender the bad mother the easy woman vs. the prostitute the victim vs. the criminal womanhood: foregrounded through a case-study that inverts preconceptions and challenges the stereotype of the female migrant domestic worker
Policy Recommendations: Film financing the organisation of thematic festivals (or sections within festivals) in all European countries, followed by workshops, roundtables, etc on the issue of migration; broader national television broadcasting of films dealing with the phenomenon of migration; issuing good quality multi-language subtitled copies of the most representative productions to be disseminated locally and globally; encouraging the creation of national and international libraries or archives of films on migration to support research into the field; establishing European electronic data bases with an informative role on filmic texts about migration; stimulating the funding of cinematic endeavours in the field; developing research programmes, collaborative projects, exchange schemes, international partnerships aimed at raising awareness as regards the role of the cinema in informing on and promoting tolerance towards a multicultural Europe; ensuring the necessary equipment for using film to support the accessing of other cultures in the educational milieu.
Policy Recommendations: Press improving journalistic professional training in view of: becoming sensitive to the cultural and gender-related issues involved in migration; avoiding abusive generalisations likely to evolve into negative stereotypes; escaping the trap of easy sensationalism to offer their readership a more balanced presentation of (gender in) migration topics, that would allow for a more comprehensive view on them; even with controversial issues, trying to cast a more inquisitive look at the larger context to which their subjects belong, encouraging an investigative rather than informative type of reporting; doing away with plagiarism or distortion of original sources. promoting high-quality journalism in editorial offices and media companies; raising public awareness on: the role of the press in intercultural mediation through the dissemination of research projects on the topic; the cultural specificities of different migrant groups by televised debates, documentaries, etc. the representation and mis-representation of gender and migration in the written press by organizing public discussions between members of migrant communities and the host populations.