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The Book Of Revelation Seminar Notes James-Michael Smith Seminar Notes James-Michael Smith.

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1 The Book Of Revelation Seminar Notes James-Michael Smith Seminar Notes James-Michael Smith

2 The Book Of Revelation - Session Churches

3 Ways of interpreting Revelation:

4 Futurist

5 Ways of interpreting Revelation: Futurist Preterist

6 Ways of interpreting Revelation: Futurist Preterist Historicist

7 Ways of interpreting Revelation: Futurist Preterist Historicist Idealist

8 Ways of interpreting Revelation: Futurist Preterist Historicist Idealist Ecclectic

9 1:1 The revelation ( Ἀ ποκ ά λυψις) of Jesus the Messiah, which God gave him to show his servants what must take place soon/swiftly ( ἐ ν τ ά χει). He signified it ( ἐ σ ή μανεν) by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 who then testified ( ἐ μαρτ ύ ρησεν) to everything that he saw concerning the word of God and the testimony (μαρτυρ ί αν) of Jesus the Messiah. 1:1 The revelation ( Ἀ ποκ ά λυψις) of Jesus the Messiah, which God gave him to show his servants what must take place soon/swiftly ( ἐ ν τ ά χει). He signified it ( ἐ σ ή μανεν) by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 who then testified ( ἐ μαρτ ύ ρησεν) to everything that he saw concerning the word of God and the testimony (μαρτυρ ί αν) of Jesus the Messiah.

10 4 From John, to the 7 churches that are in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from the one who is, and who was, and who is coming, and from the 7 spirits who are before his throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ– the faithful witness (μ ά ρτυς), the firstborn from among the dead, the ruler over the kings of the earth. 4 From John, to the 7 churches that are in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from the one who is, and who was, and who is coming, and from the 7 spirits who are before his throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ– the faithful witness (μ ά ρτυς), the firstborn from among the dead, the ruler over the kings of the earth.

11 8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God– the one who is, and who was, and who is coming– the All-Powerful! (παντοκρ ά τωρ ) 8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God– the one who is, and who was, and who is coming– the All-Powerful! (παντοκρ ά τωρ ) “Zeus was, Zeus is, Zeus shall be.” (Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10:12:10) “Zeus was, Zeus is, Zeus shall be.” (Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10:12:10)

12 9 I, John, (your brother and companion in the tribulation (θλ ί ψει), kingdom, and patient endurance that are in Jesus) was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony (μαρτυρ ί αν) of Jesus. θλ ί ψει (thlipsei): “suffering, persecution, tribulation”

13 1:19 “Therefore write what you saw ( ἃ ε ἶ δες), what they are ( ἃ ε ἰ σ ὶ ν), and what is about to happen ( ἃ μ έ λλει γεν έ σθαι) after these things (μετ ὰ τα ῦ τα).” 1:19 “Therefore write what you saw ( ἃ ε ἶ δες), what they are ( ἃ ε ἰ σ ὶ ν), and what is about to happen ( ἃ μ έ λλει γεν έ σθαι) after these things (μετ ὰ τα ῦ τα).”

14 Dispensationalist/ Futurist Interpretation: “what you have seen” (Ch.1) “what is now” (Chs.2-3) “what will take place later” (Chs.4- 22) Dispensationalist/ Futurist Interpretation: “what you have seen” (Ch.1) “what is now” (Chs.2-3) “what will take place later” (Chs.4- 22)

15 Recapitulation in Revelation Heaven Earth Epilogue Opening 7 Churches 7 Seals 7 Trumpets Woman, Dragon, Beasts 7 Bowls Final Judgment New Creation

16 “You cannot understand this book unless you take it literally, the way it was intended— literally, that is, unless the facts of the immediate context indicate otherwise. The literal method of interpretation should be applied to this book just as it is for the other books of Scripture…Otherwise it cannot be understood, and if you do not understand it, you cannot receive a blessing by reading it.” --Tim LaHaye, “Charting the End Times” (p.43) “You cannot understand this book unless you take it literally, the way it was intended— literally, that is, unless the facts of the immediate context indicate otherwise. The literal method of interpretation should be applied to this book just as it is for the other books of Scripture…Otherwise it cannot be understood, and if you do not understand it, you cannot receive a blessing by reading it.” --Tim LaHaye, “Charting the End Times” (p.43)

17 The 7 Churches of Revelation in Asia Minor

18 “Most literalist prophecy scholars believe that these letters apply to all the churches existing in that day and through the ages…The seven periods are generally given approximately as follows: Ephesus—apostolic church (A.D ) Smyrna—persecuted church (A.D ) Pergamos—state church (A.D ) Thyatira—papa church (A.D ) Sardis—reformed church (A.D ) Philadelphia—missionary church (A.D ) Laodicea—apostate church (A.D ?)” --Tim LaHaye, “Charting the End Times” (p.43) “Most literalist prophecy scholars believe that these letters apply to all the churches existing in that day and through the ages…The seven periods are generally given approximately as follows: Ephesus—apostolic church (A.D ) Smyrna—persecuted church (A.D ) Pergamos—state church (A.D ) Thyatira—papa church (A.D ) Sardis—reformed church (A.D ) Philadelphia—missionary church (A.D ) Laodicea—apostate church (A.D ?)” --Tim LaHaye, “Charting the End Times” (p.43)

19 2:10c “Remain faithful even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown that is life itself.” Great summary of the overall message of Revelation is contained in the letter to the church of Smyrna:

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21 Hieropolis’ hot springs

22 Hot = Good for something Cold = Good for something Lukewarm = Good for nothing! Church of Laodicea was just like it’s nauseating water supply from Jesus’ perspective!

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24 The Book Of Revelation - Session Seals, 7 Trumpets

25 Vision of Heavenly Throne Room: GOD praised for CREATION – ch.4 The LAMB praised for REDEMPTION – ch.5

26 “Hearing” vs. “Seeing” “…LOOK, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has conquered…” “Then I SAW standing in the middle of the throne and of the 4 living creatures, and in the middle of the elders, something like a slaughtered Lamb…” “…LOOK, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has conquered…” “Then I SAW standing in the middle of the throne and of the 4 living creatures, and in the middle of the elders, something like a slaughtered Lamb…”

27 Chs.4-5 parallels with Dan.7 1. Introductory phrase 2. Setting of throne in Heaven 3. God sitting on throne 4. Description of God’s appearance 5. Fire before the throne 6. Heavenly servants around throne 7. Books before the throne 8. Books opened 9. Divine figure approaches throne 10. Divine figure receives GLORY & WORSHIP 11. ‘Kingdom’ includes peoples, nations, tongues 12. Seer’s emotional distress 13. Seer receives Heavenly counsel from one around the throne 14. Saints given divine authority to reign 15. Concluding mention of God’s reign 1. Introductory phrase 2. Setting of throne in Heaven 3. God sitting on throne 4. Description of God’s appearance 5. Fire before the throne 6. Heavenly servants around throne 7. Books before the throne 8. Books opened 9. Divine figure approaches throne 10. Divine figure receives GLORY & WORSHIP 11. ‘Kingdom’ includes peoples, nations, tongues 12. Seer’s emotional distress 13. Seer receives Heavenly counsel from one around the throne 14. Saints given divine authority to reign 15. Concluding mention of God’s reign

28 Chs. 4-5 depict the beginning of the reign of Dan.7’s Son of Man. Church is CONTINUATION of OT Israel. Saints are REMNANT, not REPLACEMENT! Judgment is immanent on the Beastly Kingdom!

29 Recapitulation in Revelation Heaven Earth Epilogue Opening 7 Churches 7 Seals 7 Trumpets Woman, Dragon, Beasts 7 Bowls Final Judgment New Creation

30 “Hearing” vs. “Seeing” “… I heard the number of those who were marked with the seal, 144,000, sealed from all the tribes of the people of Israel …” “ I looked, and behold, an enormous crowd that no one could count, made up of persons from every nation, tribe, people, and language …” “… I heard the number of those who were marked with the seal, 144,000, sealed from all the tribes of the people of Israel …” “ I looked, and behold, an enormous crowd that no one could count, made up of persons from every nation, tribe, people, and language …”

31 “ 7:14 These are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation (θλ ί ψεως). They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb! 15 For this reason they are before the throne of God, and they serve him day and night in his temple, and the one seated on the throne will shelter them (σκην ώ σει ἐ π ᾽ α ὐ το ύ ς). ”

32 Revelation as Christian “War Scroll” Believers are God’s eschatological army…But they wage war by their faithful perseverance in suffering and, if necessary, martyrdom.

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34 ANE Mythic Motif:  Canaanite Myth – Athtar the ‘Day Star’ tried to take Baal’s place but was cast to earth as ‘god of it all.’  Isa.14 – applies this to the pretentious King of Babyon aspiring for power but cast down to Sheol ANE Mythic Motif:  Canaanite Myth – Athtar the ‘Day Star’ tried to take Baal’s place but was cast to earth as ‘god of it all.’  Isa.14 – applies this to the pretentious King of Babyon aspiring for power but cast down to Sheol

35 ANE Mythic Motif:  Jesus – Applies it to Satan cast down by the advancing Kingdom of God  John applies it to Judgment of ‘Babylon’/Rome & Dragon/Satan  Paradigmatic of Final Judgment of Evil on eschatological Day of YHWH ? ANE Mythic Motif:  Jesus – Applies it to Satan cast down by the advancing Kingdom of God  John applies it to Judgment of ‘Babylon’/Rome & Dragon/Satan  Paradigmatic of Final Judgment of Evil on eschatological Day of YHWH ?

36 Time of suffering in Scripture: 42 mos. = 1,260 days = 3.5 yrs. = “time, times and half a time” (Dan.12:7) Time of suffering in Scripture: 42 mos. = 1,260 days = 3.5 yrs. = “time, times and half a time” (Dan.12:7)

37 * Measuring of Temple in ch.11 = Sealing of the faithful in ch.7? * Temple = Church in the NT (cf.3:12 & 1Cor.3:16) * Zech.4:11 – 2 Olive trees = 2 “annointed ones” * 2 witnesses = 2 faithful churches (Smyrna & Philadelphia)? * Or the witnessing, persecuted church persecuted by non-Christian Jews who are symbolized by “Sodom/Egypt”/Jerusalem? * Measuring of Temple in ch.11 = Sealing of the faithful in ch.7? * Temple = Church in the NT (cf.3:12 & 1Cor.3:16) * Zech.4:11 – 2 Olive trees = 2 “annointed ones” * 2 witnesses = 2 faithful churches (Smyrna & Philadelphia)? * Or the witnessing, persecuted church persecuted by non-Christian Jews who are symbolized by “Sodom/Egypt”/Jerusalem?

38 The Book Of Revelation - Session 3 - Women, Dragons & Beasts Oh My!

39 A) Satan cast down (Rev.12) B) Beast & False Prophet conquer (Rev.13) C) Harlot rides Beast (Rev.17) C’) Harlot destroyed by Beast (Rev.17) B’) Beast & False Prophet conquered (Rev.19) A’) Satan cast down to Abyss (Rev.20) (Koester, “Revelation and the End of All Things”) A) Satan cast down (Rev.12) B) Beast & False Prophet conquer (Rev.13) C) Harlot rides Beast (Rev.17) C’) Harlot destroyed by Beast (Rev.17) B’) Beast & False Prophet conquered (Rev.19) A’) Satan cast down to Abyss (Rev.20) (Koester, “Revelation and the End of All Things”)

40 Unholy Trinity: Dragon (Satan) Sea Beast (Empire) Land Beast (Emperor Cult) Unholy Trinity: Dragon (Satan) Sea Beast (Empire) Land Beast (Emperor Cult)

41 “…the death wound had been healed.” The “Nero Redivivus” Legend “…the death wound had been healed.” The “Nero Redivivus” Legend

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44 Grain Harvest & Grape Harvest imagery Joel 3:9-14 Isa.63:1-6 Dan.7 Joel 3:9-14 Isa.63:1-6 Dan.7

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46 The Book Of Revelation - Session 4 - Bowls & Battles

47 φι ά λας – bowls, cups, vessels Pattern of Trumpets & Cups judgment: 1.the earth 2.the sea 3.the rivers/streams/fountains 4.the sun 5.darkness & torment 6.Judgment from beyond Euphrates 7.loud voice in Heaven, thunder, lightning, earthquake, hail φι ά λας – bowls, cups, vessels Pattern of Trumpets & Cups judgment: 1.the earth 2.the sea 3.the rivers/streams/fountains 4.the sun 5.darkness & torment 6.Judgment from beyond Euphrates 7.loud voice in Heaven, thunder, lightning, earthquake, hail

48 Regal Mother (Ch.12) Drunken Prostitute (Ch.17) Spotless Bride (Ch.21) Three Women of Revelation

49 Final “Battle” portrayed in Revelation Rev. 16:14-16 Rev. 17:12-14 Rev. 19:19-21 Rev. 20:9-10 Rev. 16:14-16 Rev. 17:12-14 Rev. 19:19-21 Rev. 20:9-10

50 Final Judgment (ch.18), followed by Vindication of Faithful and Worship of YHWH (ch.19) The Day of YHWH consists of both Judgment and Vindication, terror and rejoicing, depending on which side we find ourselves!

51 “Hearing” vs. “Seeing” 19:9 “ Then the angel said to me, "Write the following: Blessed are those who are invited to the banquet at the wedding celebration of the Lamb!" 19:9 “ Then the angel said to me, "Write the following: Blessed are those who are invited to the banquet at the wedding celebration of the Lamb!" 11 “Then I saw heaven opened and here came a white horse! The one riding it was called "FAITHFUL" and "TRUE," and with justice he judges and goes to war.”

52 “Hearing” vs. “Seeing” Hears the call to a wedding banquet… …Sees a warrior riding into battle!

53 Final “Battle” portrayed in Revelation Rev. 16:14-16 Rev. 17:12-14 Rev. 19:19-21 Rev. 20:9-10 Rev. 16:14-16 Rev. 17:12-14 Rev. 19:19-21 Rev. 20:9-10

54 Final “Battle” of Armageddon is no battle at all!

55 The Book Of Revelation - Session 5 - The Millennium & Beyond!

56 Ascension Millennium Jewish Millennium Millennium Church history Church history = 2 nd Coming Resurrection & Final Judgment “Rapture” Tribulation 2 nd Coming Final Battle Resurrection & Final Judgment

57 Ch.17 - Prostitute * City * Dragon’s people * Follow the Beast Ch.21 - Bride * City * God’s people * Follow the Lamb

58 Lamb = Alpha & Omega One on Throne = Alpha & Omega Lamb is somehow God

59 12 Gates/Tribes (Community) 12 Foundations/ Apostles (Content) 12 Gates/Tribes (Community) 12 Foundations/ Apostles (Content)

60 Eden imagery: River Fruit Tree of Life Leaves

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