2 my political career in the House of Lords ContendersI spent most ofmy political career in the House of LordsVAlec Douglas Home (Conservative)Harold Wilson (Labour)
3 Why did Labour win the 1964 General Election? ScandalNight of the Long KnivesIllness of MacmillanEuropeLabour as party of modernisationYouthful image of Wilson
4 Scandal There were two major scandals which rocked the government The Vassal spy scandalThe Profumo affairThese scandals rocked and discredited the Conservative governments
5 The Vassal spy affairJohn Vassall, a homosexual clerk who worked at the Admiraltybeen photographed in Moscow by the KGB at a gay sex party, was uncovered as a spyVassall was a conspicuous consumer, living far beyond his means, yet no one had asked the obvious question about where his money was coming fromthere was much speculation about a wider homosexual and traitorous network, this time involving ministers too
6 The Profumo affairwas a scandal involving the Minister for War, John Profumoliaison with a prostitute created a national security risk since she included members of the Soviet embassy among her clientsProfumo lied in the House of Commons about the relationship. The scandal did not by itself bring down the government, but the fact the Prime Minister believed Profumo’s original denial of impropriety suggested that Macmillan was loosing his political grip
7 Night of the Long Knives Macmillan reorganised his cabinet in an event that became known as the Night of the Long KnivesBut the effect of the reshuffle was to make Macmillan’s own position more precarious
8 Illness of MacmillanMacmillan was seriously ill following a major operation in 1963 and eventually resigned due to ill health
9 EuropeThe constant arguing over Britain’s relations with Europe discredited the governmentBritain’s membership was rejectedNo!
10 Labour as party of modernisation First we must produce more scientists. Secondly, having produced them we must be a great deal more successful in keeping them in this country. Thirdly, having trained them and kept them here, we must make more intelligent use of them when they are trained than we do with those we have got. Fourthly, we must reorganise more purposively to our national production effort
11 Youthful image of Wilson The Labour campaign was based around Harold Wilson, who was plugged as a man of the people. "If the past belongs to the Tories", Wilson declared, "the future belongs to us, all of us."
12 THE RESULT Party Votes Seats Change UK Vote Share (%) GB Vote Share (%)Labour12,205,808317+ 5944.144.8Conservative12,002,642304- 6143.442.9Liberal3,099,2839+ 311.211.4Others349,415- 11.30.9the Tory turnout wastwo million downon 1959.
13 Why did Labour win the 1964 General Election? The various factors can be remembered as ....SNIELY
14 Why did Labour win the 1964 General Election? ScandalNight of the Long KnivesIllness of MacmillanEuropeLabour as party of modernisationYouthful image of Wilson
15 Night of the Long Knives WHAT IS THEMOSTIMPORTANTFACTOR?ScandalEuropeWhy did Labour winthe 1964 election?Night of the Long KnivesLabour as party ofmodernisationIllness of MacmillanYouthful image ofWilson
16 QUESTIONS Who was the Labour leader during the election? Who was the Conservative leader?What did the Vassal scandal involve?What did the Profumo scandal involve?Who said no to Britain’s entry to Europe?What was the Night of the Long Knives?Where did Home spend most of his political career before becoming leader?Why was Labour seen as the party of modernisation?Who was described by the press as a ‘cretin’?How can the factors that led to a Labour victory be easily remembered?