Presentation on theme: "New Era of Soviet Russia Nikita Khrushchev. Death of Stalin Joseph Stalin died on the 5 th March 1953 at the age of 74. It was said that he had suffered."— Presentation transcript:
Death of Stalin Joseph Stalin died on the 5 th March 1953 at the age of 74. It was said that he had suffered a stroke.
New Hope for the West The western world hoped the death of Stalin would bring about the end of international tension between East and West. Peaceful Co-existence
Nikita Khrushchev Born to a Russian Peasant Family. Was trained as a Joiner and was active in Trade Union activities. Fought in the Red Army In 1918 became a Party member
Personality Boorish (rude and impolite) Interrupting speakers Humiliated people He once describe Mao (leader of Communist China) as an “old Galosh” translated to “old boot” which means Prostitute or immoral women He once took of his shoe during an UN General assembly and banged it off the table repeatedly.
Nikita’s Rise to Power Khrushchev became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow in 1934. In 1938, he became the 1 st Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine. During WW2, He coordinated the defence of Ukraine and was a political commissar Stalingrad During the Period 1945-53, he carried out Stalin’s orders without hesitation earning the nickname “Butcher of the Ukraine”.
Divisions within the Party After Stalin’s death, the Party was divided and a power struggled ensued. Laverntiy Beria was the man with the most control and power over the Party. He was chief of Soviet Security and secret police under Stalin Fearing Beria would execute them, his political rivals united against him and imprisoned and executed him. Khrushchev became leader in September 1953.
De-Stalinization End of the Cult Personality and Stalinism created by Stalin. End of Forced Labour Freeing of Gulag prisoners Khrushchev was very critical of Stalin accusing him of crimes during the Great Purges.
Undisputed Leader In 1958, Khrushchev replaced Bulganin as prime minister and established himself as the undisputed leader of both state and party. He became Premier of the Soviet Union on March 27, 1958.
Khrushchev’s Policies Changed the policies of Soviet Defence, less spending on old fashioned methods, more emphasis on Rocket based defence. Started an Arms Race with the West, development of H-Bombs and ICBMs Khrushchev created the WARSAW PACT to rival NATO. Response to the increasing number of NATO troops in Germany.
Increased tension The hope of increased EAST-WEST relations did not materialise. Instead the period during Khrushchev’s reign would become the most dangerous period of the Cold War. The threat of all out Nuclear War was a distinct possibility.