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Crimes Against Public Order “I see there is a people risen and come up that I cannot win either with gifts, honors, offices or places… Oliver Cromwell.

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Presentation on theme: "Crimes Against Public Order “I see there is a people risen and come up that I cannot win either with gifts, honors, offices or places… Oliver Cromwell."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Crimes Against Public Order “I see there is a people risen and come up that I cannot win either with gifts, honors, offices or places… Oliver Cromwell ( )

3 Introduction “victimless crimes” Relative and evolutive concept Law and Morality Ruling morality Homosexuality vs. purchasing lottery tickets Consensus vs. conflict perspective

4 Gambling

5 ss “gaming and betting” Spending on lottery tickets vs. VLTs role of tolerance and morality Trends: who benefits from the legalization (e.g., Atlantic provinces) WHO? males, late 30s, employed, less than college education “Catch-22” – revenue increase and more addicts

6 WHY? parenting issues impulsive disorder learned behaviour Consider… stock market and investors

7 Prostitution

8 “oldest profession” – from heroes to charlatans Badgley Report and Fraser Report Ss Technically ‘legal’ Canadian ‘approval’ rate !? Trends: ‘social misfits’ – women, drug habits, low self-esteem… enter – exploitation, ‘big-sister’, pragmatic reasons

9 Types: Streetwalkers Bar prostitutes Massage-parlours House prostitutes Rap session booths Call girls Escort services Male prostitutes – overlooked but…

10 Why? biology to feminist interpretations socio-psychological … history of sexual abuse, non- traditional family settings, school problems, etc. Functionalism and economic gain SUMMARY controversial and not readily resolved

11 Pornography

12 Plato once asked…. ‘what is the proper role or function of art.’ porno “prostitute’ and graphen “to write” obscenity derived from Latin for “filth” How to decided: Playboy vs. Playgirl Chic vs. Swank Stone Angel vs. MTV

13 Pornography and the Law ss …. Offences tending to corrupt morals ? Anti-culture, anti-conscience, anti-God,… and anti-family Porn and Violence Literature vs. feminists and fundamentalist groups facilitate expressions of violence

14 Degree of violence depicted Role of cultural climate (consider Qs in Box 12.13) SUMMARY pornography a controversial topic ‘consenting’ vs. literature Age old ‘fascination’ Role of an interdisciplinary approach

15 Substance Abuse

16 A Brief History… Since the dawning of time most societies have used mind/mood altering substances ? Downfall of the Roman Empire Varying degrees of being socially acceptable until… late 1800s and regulations

17 Drugs and the Law weekend binge vs. overuse or physical and/or psychological dependency The Controlled Drugs and Substance Act ’ st cannabis café Hemp stores… what is the trend

18 Characteristics and Trends Alcohol consumption down Young adult males… with higher incomes 10% problem drinkers 75% Canadians support prevention programs Link between substance abuse and violent crime high

19 Hypocrisy? Smoking and drinking by adults vs. their children’s behaviour Psychological and psychiatric effects well documented False sense of well-being Illicit Drugs: CNS – stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens

20 ‘preference’ is cyclical Explanations: no one theory able to address ALL factors Need to distinguish between: Factors that contribute Factors causing to maintain Reasons for relapse

21 Drug Use: Is it a Moral Issue? Tobacco…. Too the Natives it is used in sacred rituals (relative) Vitamins vs. drugs Right to choose and be responsible Values and beliefs constantly changing

22 Summary Public order offences an ‘age-old’ problem Is behaviour a matter of free will or (soft)determinism? Public order a form of victimless crimes Athenians - ?do it but just don’t get caught… prepared to face the consequences Where do we draw the lines of social control vs. personal rights?

23 Gotta go now…


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