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Changes in the argot and nature of male prostitution in New Zealand 1867-1990.

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Presentation on theme: "Changes in the argot and nature of male prostitution in New Zealand 1867-1990."— Presentation transcript:

1 changes in the argot and nature of male prostitution in New Zealand

2 aspro bat boy battler bona roba bumboy call boy car-go joey chippy cocktail COD (cock on delivery)

3 aspro bat boy battler bona roba bumboy call boy car-go joey chippy cocktail COD (cock on delivery) commercial crack salesman dick peddler dilly boy he-whore gobble goop hockey box hustler illegal Tegal iron hoof jolly for polly joy boy juvie

4 aspro bat boy battler bona roba bumboy call boy car-go joey chippy cocktail COD (cock on delivery) commercial crack salesman dick peddler dilly boy he-whore gobble goop hockey box hustler illegal Tegel iron hoof jolly for polly joy boy juvie Kleenex merchandise pro male escort Moro merchandise trader wheeler tima moll private rent queen renter rental box

5 aspro bat boy battler bona roba bumboy call boy car-go joey chippy cocktail COD (cock on delivery) commercial crack salesman dick peddler dilly boy he-whore gobble goop hockey box hustler illegal Tegel iron hoof jolly for polly joy boy juvie Kleenex merchandise pro male escort Moro merchandise trader wheeler tima moll private rent queen renter rental box rent boy ship boy speiler streetie street mechanic street oyster street solicitor shingler trade trash venereal boy working boy worker

6 Based on interviews and oral history recordings of 50 men whose employment in the trade, or use of male sex workers has spanned 85 years. This presentation briefly profiles extraordinarily shifts in a language form that has operated just under the surface of New Zealand society.

7 thieves cant polari boob slang gay slang

8 thieves cant polari boob slang gay slang parlyaree mumpers talk pig Latin back slang

9 thieves cant polari boob slang gay slang parlyaree mumpers talk pig Latin back slang online acronyms and truncations

10 o 1867 Offences Against the Person Act Reverend Yate Spielers, bludgers and light mannered men grottos and stations thieves’ cant coding

11 1867 Offences Against the Person Act (31 Vict. 5) (s.58): Whosoever shall be convicted of the abominable crime of buggery committed either with mankind or any animal shall be liable at the discretion of the court to be kept in penal servitude for life or for any term not less than ten years. The act further provided (s.59) for imprisonment for between three and ten years for attempted buggery.

12 1837 Reverend William Yate dismissed from the Church Missionary Society over allegations that among other things, he paid for sex with young Maori men using a pound of tobacco as payment.

13 cant noun: Cant or pelting speech contained words for criminal strategies, tools, spoils and the law. ‘family’, cruise, pickup, troll, omee, nantee, pegger, trade

14 cottage noun: Cottage first appeared as a term for toilet at the close of the nineteenth century [Baker, 2002]. The term was British in origin and generally referred to toilets that were built in parks to resemble miniature country cottages. To go cottaging meant to cruise public toilets seeking paid or unpaid sex.

15 beat noun: an environment where paid sex/soliciting occurs. Beat is particular to both New Zealand and Australia. Partridge (1961 p. 56) notes the word’s use as far back as 1788 where it described a normal route taken by a prostitute or policeman.

16 stations, catacombs & grottos

17 gardening Hanging Gardens, the Garden of Eden, the Cottage Gardens, the Black Forest, Bluebell Dell, Cherry Lane, and the Country Club

18 1860s bludger noun: ‘ pimp who assaults or bludgeons. In Australia and New Zealand by the 1930s it had come to mean one who, without working lives off the earnings of another. account executive purple Bob, hock

19 1887 speiler ‘ “disreputable, over- dressed, and given to high levels of ‘indiscriminate immorality’.” 1890s “some of the younger and more attractive of these men probably provided occasional homosexual favours.” Eldred-Grigg, S. (1984). Pleasures of the Flesh: sex and drugs in colonial New Zealand

20 June 1896 “What can be done to rid the streets of these giddy, light- mannered boys … who patrol arm in arm, giggling and shrieking and pass on going down to the side street. One of our leading papers calls them ‘juvenile prostitutes’ and thinks the police should have power to clean the streets.” ‘White Ribbon. Vol.1 no. 12 (p. 7)

21 In 1893 the criminal code (57 Vict. No. 56) Section 137 provided for up to ten years imprisonment, with flogging or whipping for attempted buggery, assault on a person with intent to commit buggery or for anyone ‘who being a male indecently assaults any other male’, noting ‘It shall be no defence to an indictment for an indecent assault on a male of any age that he consented to the act’.

22 Charles Paine Pauli

23 Samuel Butler

24 slang British polari regency & feminisation Amendments to part 7 of the 1961 Crimes Act

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26 ginger verb: to steal, but specifically to steal from a man while having sex with him. The verb appears in New Zealand and Australian prostitutes’ slang dating back to the 1940s (Partridge, 2002, p. 464) A more contemporary term is to ‘roll a client’. Other terms like half inch appear in lexicons of contemporary New Zealand prison rhyming slang (Looser, 1999, p. 32), and the now obsolete term bilk is listed in 1897 in Stephens and O’Brien’s unpublished Dictionary of New Zealand and Australian Slang. bilk, five finger, roll, half inch

27 half iron noun: a male prostitute who services or associates with both women and men ca. 1940s. The term probably comes from the British rhyming slang iron hoof, meaning poof. Partridge (2006, p. 950) defines a half iron in more general terms, describing him as “a heterosexual or bisexual man who associates with homosexuals.”

28 purple Bob noun: a man kept by a male sex worker (kwn 1940s). Sometimes also called a bludger. In many cases they were recently released prisoners. Upon release they would sometimes put in with a gay man or prostitute and live off their earnings. Simes (1993, p. 163) notes the term’s concurrent use in Australia in the 1940s.

29 law change Amendments made to part 7 of the 1961 Crimes Act that reduced the penalty of imprisonment for “indecency” between consenting males. However, consent was no defense. Indecency between males (consensual) and indecent assault on a male by another male (non-consensual) were considered equally severe (s. 140, 141) and carried penalties of five to seven year’s imprisonment.

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31 hawk it verb: to work as a male prostitute, ca s. The term may be compared to the Australian verb ‘hawking the fork’ meaning to work as a prostitute. Hawking probably has origins in the older noun hawker meaning “one who goes about offering goods for sale” (Chambers 1985, p. 442). In New Zealand the verb appears in sentences like “I saw a couple of washed out little queens trying to hawk it outside the Gladiator on their way home from the Aquarius Club.”

32 hockey box noun: a male homosexual prostitute. Although more commonly used in Australia (Thommo 1985, p. 136), the term was known by ship boys working between Auckland and Sydney in the 1940s and 1950s. Its origins may come from hock, which in New Zealand and Australian boob slang [prison slang] describes a man who seeks active homosexual contact but is not classified as a queen or cat. Newbold (1982) describes hock in New Zealand prison slang as an “aggressive homosexual” (p. 249). The word box is a homosexual term for anus.

33 dead [or stale] meat noun: a worker who has operated for a long time on the same beat, or more commonly, an aging worker. Dead/stale meat is an antonym for fresh meat. Stale meat began to fade from use in the mid 1950s, but up until then it could also be used to refer to older clients. At that time, other terms for these men included: old queens, Aunties, pension book crowd, overripe fruit, geriatricks, duchesses.

34 polari is a secret language mainly used by gay men living and working in England’s large cities. Polari appears to have come into New Zealand via the U.K. Merchant Navy and the Juilan & Sandy sketches broadcast on Radio New Zealand in the 1960s. Baker (2002) suggests that Parlyaree probably acted as a bridge between thieves’ cant and Gay Polari.

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36 regency Queen [trade queen, wall queen, watch queen, munge queen] A flush of queens [a collective noun for an exodus of men leaving a public toilet at the time of a bust] Queen mother [or ‘Mother’] an older man who protected or watched over the welfare of young sex workers.

37 dethroned verb: forced to leave a public toilet. enthroned verb: to be in a public toilet and looking for sex. of the urinal.

38 royal circle noun: the two cubicles with the clearest view of the urinal. royal box noun: the cubicle adjacent the urinal.

39 feminised names for the police circa 1963 Alice Vivian Vice Nelly-law Dolly handbag, Dora-D Hilda-Handcuff Lily-lunchbox Jennifer-Justice Petunia Pig Tilly Tight-twat Cherie Cunt-stable Our Lady of the Golden Brooch

40 197o entrapment & harassment Carmen’s coffee lounge agencies language of the worker

41 urinal sniffer noun: agent provocateur in a public toilet. By the late 1970s and early 1980s feminised names for the police were being replaced by more aggressive or descriptive terms including cleaner, Commodore, D, demon, lace-up, shaker, snake and Waitomo. Urinal sniffers got their name from the police habit of kneeling down on the hands and knees at a urinal to check the numbers of feet in adjacent cubicles. A urinal sniffer could normally be identified by their overly clean-cut appearance, their overt sexual propositioning, poor taste in shoes and pants, tan lines on their finger where their wedding ring has been removed, or absence of the smell of alcohol.

42 Commodore noun: unmarked police car. Evidence that D’s were in the vicinity. The New Zealand Police bought the first of these vehicles in Often the cars were naively parked near beats and inadvertently alerted workers to police activity or potential entrapment. In many small towns, regulars knew number plates of these vehicles, c.f. ghost car, U.S. slang [Rogers, 1972].

43 International coffee lounge 86 Vivian St. cup code male: saucer on top of a cup. transsexual, transvestite or drag queen: cup on its side straight: cup upside down on the saucer Carmen’s

44 1982 Quinns Tony’s Adam’s Zodiac Discretion Angelo’s Brett’s Brett’s boys Heart & Soul WFF

45 1990s Cover Boy Rich & Famous Buddies Adonis Matador

46 off site on site client worker private operator double time agency

47 off site on site client worker private operator double time agency steamer, punter, john, trick, aunty commercial, trade, rent, hustler, merchandise, juvie, school bag, car-go, battler, tima moll, rental box, call boy, dilly boy, Kleenex, KFC, street chicken, jail bait, bog trade, water front boy house boy as-pro, venereal boy. minder, hock, purple Bob hockey box, call boy, pro, COD, rental box, street-solicitor queen, pension book crowd, overripe fruit

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