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God is the “infinite and perfect spirit in whom all things have their source, support and end.” A.H. Strong 1.

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Presentation on theme: "God is the “infinite and perfect spirit in whom all things have their source, support and end.” A.H. Strong 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 God is the “infinite and perfect spirit in whom all things have their source, support and end.” A.H. Strong 1

2 Jesus 2

3 Christ 3

4 4

5 “Jesus was viewed by His followers as a mortal prophet… Claim 5

6 …a great and powerful man, but a man nonetheless.” (The DaVinci Code, pg233) Claim 6

7 7

8 8

9 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God….” 9

10 “…‘My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working’.… 10

11 …[He] was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.” 11

12 Jesus continually spoke of himself as one in essence and nature with God. 12

13 “The Father and I are one.” 13

14 “‘I showed you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you stoning Me?’… 14

15 …‘because You, being a man, make Yourself out to be God.’” 15

16 “Thomas answered and said to Him, ‘My Lord and my God.’” 16

17 “I AM the Son of God.” 17

18 “Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralyzed man, ‘My son, your sins are forgiven.’” 18

19 “When the scribes heard Jesus forgiving the man’s sins, they asked, ‘What is he saying? This is blasphemy! Only God can forgive sins!’” 19

20 “…none on earth has either authority to forgive sin. None could forgive sin save the One against whom all have sinned… Lewis Sperry Chafer 1 st President Dallas Theological Seminary 20

21 …When Christ forgave sin, as he certainly did, He was not exercising a human prerogative… Lewis Sperry Chafer 1 st President Dallas Theological Seminary 21

22 …Since none but God can forgive sins, it is conclusively demonstrated that Christ, since he forgave sins, is God.” Lewis Sperry Chafer 1 st President Dallas Theological Seminary 22

23 “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” 23

24 “For when you see me, you are seeing the one who sent me… 24

25 …Everyone will honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. But if you refuse to honor the Son, then you are certainly not honoring the Father who sent him.” 25

26 “The leading priests, the teachers of religious law, and the other leaders also mocked Jesus… 26

27 …‘He saved others,’ they scoffed, ‘but he can’t save himself! So he is the king of Israel, is he?... 27

28 …Let him come down from the cross and we will believe in him! He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God’” 28

29 “No confirmatory evidence is more convincing than that of hostile witnesses, and the fact that the Lord laid claim to Deity is incontestably established by the action of His enemies.” Sir Robert Anderson 29

30 Peter Claimed He was God 30

31 “After Jesus asked his disciples who they thought he was, Simon Peter confessed, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” 31

32 “You are blessed, Simon son of John, because my Father in heaven has revealed this to you. You did not learn this from any human being.” 32

33 Martha Claimed He was God 33

34 “Martha, a close friend of Jesus, said to him, ‘I have always believed you are the Messiah, the Son of God…’” 34

35 Nathaniel Claimed He was God 35

36 Nathanael admitted to Jesus, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel!” 36

37 Stephen Claimed He was God 37

38 “While the first Christian martyr, Stephen, was being stoned, he cried out and said, ‘Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!’” 38

39 Writer of Hebrews Claimed He was God 39

40 “The write of the book of Hebrews calls Christ God when he writes, ‘To His Son he says, ‘YOUR Throne, O God, endures forever and ever.’” 40

41 Thomas Claimed He was God 41

42 “After eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors having been shut, and… 42

43 …stood in their midst and said, ‘Peace be with you.’ Then He said to Thomas, ‘Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand… 43

44 …and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing.’Thomas answered and said to Him, ‘My Lord and my God!’… 44

45 …Jesus said to him, ‘Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.’” 45

46 Paul Claimed He was God 46

47 “What the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh…” 47

48 “Though He was God, He did not demand and cling to His rights as God.” 48

49 “He is the image of the invisible God…” 49

50 “while we look forward to that wonderful event when the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will be revealed.” 50

51 “…after He spoke long ago…has spoken to us in His Son…” 51

52 The Trial of Jesus 52

53 “Then the high priest stood up before the others and asked Jesus, ‘Well, aren’t you going to answer these charges? What do you have to say for yourself?”… 53

54 …Jesus made no reply. Then the high priest asked him, ‘Are you the Messiah, the Son of the blessed God?”… 54

55 …Jesus said, ‘I am, and you will see me, the Son of Man, sitting at God’s right hand in the place of power and coming back on the clouds of heaven.’” 55

56 Christ’s Testimony showed that He claimed to be: 1.The Son of the blessed God. 56

57 Christ’s Testimony showed that He claimed to be: 2.The One who would sit at the right hand of power. 57

58 Christ’s Testimony showed that He claimed to be: 3.The Son of Man, who would come on the clouds of heaven. 58

59 Most people are tried in a court of law for WHAT they did. BUT… Jesus was tried for WHO He was. 59

60 “Unique among criminal trials is this one in which not the actions but the identity of the accused is the issue. … Irwin Linton 60

61 …Christ before court: “…The criminal charge laid against Christ, the confession or testimony or, rather, act in presence of the court on which He was convicted… Irwin Linton 61

62 …the interrogation by the Roman governor and the inscription and proclamation on His cross at the time of execution… Irwin Linton 62

63 …all are concerned with the one question of Christ real identity and dignity. … Irwin Linton 63

64 ‘What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he?’” Irwin Linton 64

65 “It is plain from each of the gospel narratives, that the alleged crime for which Jesus was tried and convicted was blasphemy: … William Jay Gaynor 65

66 …Jesus had been claiming supernatural power, which in a human being was blasphemy.” William Jay Gaynor 66

67 “We must remember that the Jews were not a tribe of ignorant savages, but a highly cultured and intensely religious people… Sir Robert Anderson 67

68 …and it was upon this very charge that, without a dissenting voice… Sir Robert Anderson 68

69 …His death was decreed by the Sanhedrin – their great national Counsel, composed of the most eminent of their religious leaders… Sir Robert Anderson 69

70 …including men of the type of Gamaliel, the great first century Jewish philosopher and his famous pupil, Saul of Tarsus.” Sir Robert Anderson 70

71 H. B. Swete “The law forbade the High Priest to rend his garment in private troubles (Lev. 10:6; 21:10), but when acting as a judge… 71

72 H.B. Swete …he was required by custom to express in this way his horror of any blasphemy uttered in his presence…” 72

73 Leon Morris Former Principal of Ridley College “…the Jews could regard Jesus’ word only as blasphemy, and they proceeded to take the judgment into their own hands… 73

74 Leon Morris Former Principal of Ridley College …It was laid down in the Law that blasphemy was to be punished by stoning (see Leviticus 24:16)… 74

75 Leon Morris Former Principal of Ridley College …But these men were not allowing the due processes of law to take their course. They were not preparing an indictment so that the authorities could take the requisite action… 75

76 Leon Morris Former Principal of Ridley College …In their fury they were preparing to be judges and executioners in one.” 76

77 “All trials proceeded upon the idea that some confidence is due to human testimony and… Justice Ruffin State v. Morris, 84, N.C

78 …that this confidence grows and becomes more steadfast in proportion as the witness has been subjected to a close and searching cross-examination.” Justice Ruffin State v. Morris, 84, N.C

79 “No trial in the long and tragic annals of mankind has had more momentous consequences than that of an obscure Jewish religious leader… Robert Gordis Jewish Theological Seminary of America 79

80 …who came into Jerusalem with a small band of followers and was arrested, convicted and executed over nineteen hundred years ago… Robert Gordis Jewish Theological Seminary of America 80

81 …To be sure, there have been other landmark cases in history, like those of the Hebrew prophet Micah the Morashite and the Greek philosopher, Socrates… Robert Gordis Jewish Theological Seminary of America 81

82 …the heresy hearing of the Italian scientist, Galileo; and the Dutch- Jewish philosopher, Spinoza, as well as more recent trials that are still the subject of controversy… Robert Gordis Jewish Theological Seminary of America 82

83 …Yet none has had a greater impact, for god and for ill upon the lives of men, than the trial and death of Jesus of Nazareth.” Robert Gordis Jewish Theological Seminary of America 83

84 His Followers were convinced He was God 84

85 “…being the First-begotten Word of God, is even God.” “Jesus is ‘both God and Lord.’” Justin Martyr (A.D ) 85

86 “…our Lord and our God…” (Against Heresies, book 1, chapter10) Irenaeus (A.D. 177) 86

87 “…He was His son.” (Exhortation to the Heathen, chapter 10) Clement of Alexandria (A.D ) 87

88 “God, existing in flesh…even Jesus our Lord.” (Letter to the Ephesians, chapter 7) Ignatius of Antioch (A.D. 110) 88

89 “God incarnate…God Himself appearing in the form of man.” Ignatius of Antioch (A.D. 110) 89

90 “There is one Lord, only of the only God of God…true Son of True Father.” (Declaration of Faith) Gregory Thaumaturgus (c ) 90

91 Melito of Sardis (circa A.D. 177) Melito of Sardis (circa A.D. 177) “He was man, yet He is God.” 91

92 To the Emperor Trajan: The early Christians “were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day…when they sang…a hymn to Christ, as to a god.” Pliny the Younger (a non-Christian around 112 A.D.) 92

93 The Pre-Nicaen Council creed expressed, “The one true God, Creator or heaven and earth; His only Son, born of the Virgin Mary, divinely powerful in word and deed…” Jaroslav Pelikan Foremost authority on ancient creeds Yale university 93

94 The Trilemma 94

95 “I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him:… C.S. Lewis Author 95

96 …I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.’… C.S. Lewis Author 96

97 …That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher… C.S. Lewis Author 97

98 …He would either be a lunatic — on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg — or else he would be the Devil of Hell… C.S. Lewis Author 98

99 …You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse.” C.S. Lewis Author 99

100 “You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon, or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God… C.S. Lewis Author 100

101 …But let us not come up with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.” C.S. Lewis Author 101

102 “[Christ’s] words were so completely parts and utterances of Himself, that they had no meaning as abstract statements of truth uttered by Him as a Divine oracle or prophet. … F.J.A. Hort 102

103 …Take away Himself as the primary (though not the ultimate) subject of every statement and they all fall to pieces.” F.J.A. Hort 103

104 “It is not his teachings which make Jesus so remarkable, although these would be enough to give him distinction. … Kenneth Scott Latourette 104

105 …It is a combination of the teachings with the man himself. The two cannot be separated.” Kenneth Scott Latourette 105

106 “It must be obvious to any thoughtful reader of the Gospel records that Jesus regarded himself and his message as inseparable. … Kenneth Scott Latourette 106

107 …He was a great teacher, but he was more. … Kenneth Scott Latourette 107

108 …His teachings about the kingdom of God, about human conduct, and about God were important… Kenneth Scott Latourette 108

109 …but they could not be divorced from him without, from his standpoint, being vitiated.” Kenneth Scott Latourette 109

110 “It was reserved for Christianity to present to the world an ideal which through all the changes of eighteen centuries has inspired the hearts of men with an impassioned love; William Lecky 110

111 William Lecky …has shown itself capable of acting on all ages, nations, temperaments, and conditions; has been not only the highest pattern of virtue, but the strongest incentive to its practice… 111

112 William Lecky …. The simple record of these three short years of active life has done more to regenerate and soften mankind than all the disquisitions of philosophers and all the exhortations of moralists.” 112

113 “This testimony [that Jesus was God], if not true, must be downright blasphemy or madness... Phillip Schaff 113

114 Self-deception in a matter so momentous, and with an intellect in all respects so clear and so sound, is equally out of the question. … Phillip Schaff 114

115 …How could he be an enthusiast or a madman who never lost the even balance of his mind, who sailed serenely over all… Phillip Schaff 115

116 …the troubles and persecutions, as the sun above the clouds, who always returned the wisest answer to tempting questions… Phillip Schaff 116

117 …who calmly and deliberately predicted his death on the cross, his resurrection on the third day, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit… Phillip Schaff 117

118 …the founding of his Church, the destruction of Jerusalem — predictions which have been literally fulfilled?... Phillip Schaff 118

119 Phillip Schaff …A character so original, so complete, so uniformly consistent, so perfect, so human and set so high above all human greatness, can be neither a fraud nor a fiction. … 119

120 …The poet, as has been well said, would in this case be greater than the hero. It would take more than a Jesus to invent a Jesus.” Phillip Schaff 120

121 “How in the name of logic, common sense, and experience, could an imposter – that is a deceitful, selfish, depraved man – have invented, and… Phillip Schaff 121

122 …consistently maintained from the beginning to end, the purest and noblest character known in history with the most perfect air of truth and reality?... Phillip Schaff 122

123 …How could he have conceived and carried out a plan of unparalleled beneficence, moral magnitude, and… Phillip Schaff 123

124 …sublimity, and sacrificed his own life for it, in the face of the strongest prejudices of his people and age?” Phillip Schaff 124

125 “Is such an intellect – clear as the sky, bracing as the mountain air, sharp and penetrating as a sword, thoroughly healthy and vigorous, always ready and always self- possessed… Phillip Schaff 125

126 …liable to a radical and most serious delusion concerning his own character and mission? Preposterous imagination!” Phillip Schaff 126

127 The Schizophrenic: More autistic than realistic Desires to escape from the world of reality Arthur Noyes and Lawrence Kolb 127

128 Let’s face it; for a mere man to claim to be God would certainly be a retreat from reality. Arthur Noyes and Lawrence Kolb 128

129 Clark H. Pinnock Professor at McMaster Divinity College “Was he deluded about his greatness, a paranoid, an unintentional deceiver, a schizophrenic? … 129

130 Clark H. Pinnock Professor at McMaster Divinity College …Again, the skill and depth of his teaching support the case only for his total mental soundness. If only we were as sane as he!” 130

131 California University Student Says his professor once said, “all he has to do is pick up the Bible and read portions of Christ’s teaching to many of his patients. That’s all the counseling they need.” 131

132 Jesus “was loving but didn’t let his compassion immobilize him; he didn’t have a bloated ego, even though he was often surrounded… Dr. Gary Collins 133

133 …by adoring crowds; he maintained balance despite an often demanding lifestyle; he always knew what he was doing… Dr. Gary Collins

134 …and where he was going; he cared deeply about people, including women and children, who weren’t seen as important back then… Dr. Gary Collins 134

135 ...he was able to accept people while not merely winking at their sin; he responded to individuals based on where they were at and what they uniquely needed. … Dr. Gary Collins 135

136 …All in all, I just don’t see signs that Jesus was suffering from any known mental illness… He was much healthier than anyone else I know – including me!” Dr. Gary Collins 136

137 “If you were to take the sum total of all authoritative articles ever written by the most qualified of psychologists and psychiatrists… J. T. Fisher 137

138 …on the subject of mental hygiene — if you were to combine them and refine them and cleave out the excess verbiage… J. T. Fisher 138

139 …if you were to take the whole of the meat and none of the parsley, and if you were to have these unadulterated bits of pure scientific knowledge… J. T. Fisher 139

140 …concisely expressed by the most capable of living poets, you would have an awkward and incomplete summation of the Sermon on the Mount.” J. T. Fisher 140

141 “And it would suffer immeasurably through comparison. For nearly two thousand years the Christian world has been holding in its hands the complete answer… J. T. Fisher 141

142 …to its restless and fruitless yearnings. Here…rests the blueprint for successful human life with optimism, mental health, and contentment.” J. T. Fisher 142

143 “You cannot put him on the shelf merely as a great moral teacher or a prophet. That is not a valid option… Josh D. McDowell Author 143

144 …He is either a liar, a lunatic, or Lord and God. You must make a choice.” Josh D. McDowell Author 144

145 “The historical difficulty of giving for the life, sayings, and influence of Jesus any explanation that is not harder than the Christian explanation is very great… C.S. Lewis Author 145

146 …The discrepancy between the depth and sanity of His moral teaching and the rampant megalomania which must lie behind His theological teaching unless He… C.S. Lewis Author 146

147 …is indeed God has never been satisfactorily explained. Hence the non-Christian hypotheses succeed one another with the restless fertility of bewilderment.” C.S. Lewis Author 147

148 Jesus claimed to be God. 148

149 “The Father and I are one.” 149

150 “Before Abraham was born, I am.” 150

151 Jesus claimed to be God. 151

152 Jesus claimed to be God. Two Alternatives 152

153 Jesus claimed to be God. Two Alternatives His Claims were FALSE 153

154 Jesus claimed to be God. Two Alternatives His Claims were FALSE His Claims were TRUE 154

155 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were FALSE He KNEW His claims were FALSE 155

156 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were FALSE He KNEW His claims were FALSE He did NOT KNOW His claims were FALSE 156

157 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE 157

158 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION 158

159 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR 159

160 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE 160

161 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE He was a DEMON 161

162 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE He was a DEMON He was a FOOL for He died for it. 162

163 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE He was a DEMON He was a FOOL for He died for it. He did NOT KNOW His claims were FALSE 163

164 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE He was a DEMON He was a FOOL for He died for it. He did NOT KNOW His claims were FALSE He was SINCERELY DELUDED 164

165 Jesus claimed to be God. He KNEW His claims were FALSE He made a DELIBERATE MISREPRESENTATION He was a LIAR He was a HYPOCRITE He was a DEMON He was a FOOL for He died for it. He did NOT KNOW His claims were FALSE He was SINCERELY DELUDED He was a LUNATIC 165

166 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were TRUE 166

167 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were TRUE He is the LORD 167

168 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were TRUE He is the LORD Two alternatives 168

169 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were TRUE He is the LORD Two alternatives You can ACCEPT 169

170 Jesus claimed to be God. His Claims were TRUE He is the LORD Two alternatives You can ACCEPT You can REJECT 170

171 “…these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and”—more important— “that by believing in Him you will have life.” 171

172 The Fact of the Resurrection 172

173 “But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain… 173

174 …Moreover, we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified against God that He raised Christ, whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised… 174

175 …For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins.” 175

176 Dr. David Strauss …It ‘touches Christianity to the quick’ and is ‘decisive for the whole view of Christianity.’” 176

177 Dr. David Strauss …touchstone, not of the life of Jesus only, but of Christianity itself to risk all on its eventuality.” 177

178 178

179 “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death… 179

180 …and will hand Him over to the Gentiles to mock and scourge and crucify Him, and on the third day He will be raised up.” 180

181 “…He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes… 181

182 …and be killed, and after three days rise again.” 182

183 ‘“The Son of Man is to be delivered into hands of men, and they will kill HIM; and when He has been killed, He will rise three days later.” 183

184 “Jesus answered them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’… 184

185 …The Jews then said, ‘It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?’… 185

186 …But He was speaking of the temple of his body.” 186


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