3To begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme. Poetic GENRESTo begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme.
4Lyric poetry Poetic GENRES DEFINITION: highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. It creates a single, unified impression.ShortUsually in 1st person point of viewExpresses emotion or describes a sceneDoes NOT tell a storyNo syllable requirementsNo rhyme scheme requirements
5Acrostic poetry Poetic GENRES DEFINITION: a poem in which the first letter of each line spells a word or phrase that is the topic of the poem.Oftentimes done about a nameNo syllable requirementsNo rhyme scheme requirements
6Ballad poetry Poetic GENRES DEFINITION: a poem that tells a story in a musical way or with a musical feelingCan be as long as the story requiresOdd-numbered lines longer than even-numbered linesEven-numbered lines should rhyme
7Epic poetry Poetic GENRES DEFINITION: a long narrative poem about the adventures of gods or a hero. Serious in tone and broad in theme.Very longNo syllable requirementsNo rhyme scheme requirements
8Concrete or Form poetry Poetic GENRESConcrete or Form poetryDEFINITION: a poem with a physical shape that suggests the subject/topic. The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create an image, or picture, on the page.Length – must fit into the shapeNo syllable requirementsNo rhyme scheme requirements
10Poetic FormsHaikuDEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature.
11hAIKU by Rolf Nelson Haikus are easy But sometimes they don’t make senseRefrigeratorNOTE: not technically a haiku because it’s not about nature5 SYLLABLES7 SYLLABLES5 SYLLABLESby Jonathan StephensTell me I'm like light,light that reflects off windowsright into your eyes5 SYLLABLES7 SYLLABLES5 SYLLABLESby Jonathan StephensI long for summerSwinging in my green hammockThe oak leaves whistling5 SYLLABLES7 SYLLABLES5 SYLLABLESby Matsuo BashoSpring rainleaking through the roofdripping from the wasps' nest.NOTE: But that’s not the right syllables! How is it a haiku?2 SYLLABLES5 SYLLABLES6 SYLLABLES
12Haiku Poetic Forms DEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature. Length – 3 lines5-7-5No rhyme scheme requirements
13Poetic FormsCinquainDEFINITION: can be about anything
14Cinquains “November “by Adelaide Crapsey Listen . . . With faint dry sound,Like steps of passing ghosts,The leaves, frost-crisp’d, break from the treesAnd fall.2 SYLLABLES4 SYLLABLES6 SYLLABLES8 SYLLABLES2 SYLLABLES“Snow” by Adelaide CrapseyLook up . . .From bleak’ning hillsBlows down the light, first breathOf wintry wind look up, and scentThe snow!2 SYLLABLES4 SYLLABLES6 SYLLABLES8 SYLLABLES2 SYLLABLES“Guarded Wound” by Adelaide CrapseyIf itWere lighter touchThan petal of flower restingOn grass, oh still too heavy it were,Too heavy!2 SYLLABLES4 SYLLABLES8 SYLLABLES9 SYLLABLES3 SYLLABLES
15Cinquain Poetic Forms DEFINITION: can be about anything Length – 5 linesNo rhyme scheme requirements
16Poetic FormsLimerickDEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person.
17LImerick There once was a Thingamajig Like a Whatsis, but three times as big.When it first came in view,It looked something like youBut it stayed and turned into a pig.
18Poetic FormsLimerickDEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person.Length – 5 lines3 beats – 3 beats – 2 beats – 2 beats – 3 beatsRhyme scheme: A-A-B-B-A
19LImerick There was a young fellow who thought Very little, but thought it a lot.Then at long last he knewWhat he wanted to do,But before he could start, he forgot.
20LImerick There once was an ape in a zoo Who looked out through the bars and saw YOU!Do you think that it’s fairTo give poor apes a scare?I think it’s a mean thing to do.
21LImerick I've been studying all night and I'm tired, But I can't sleep because I'm so wired.So I'll play on the net'Stead of going to bed,And my tests will seem a quagmire.
26Meter Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: the rhythmical pattern of the poem. Determined by the number of stresses or beats in each line.
27Foot Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: a basic unit of a meter. Normally contains either two or three syllables with varying patterns of stress.
28Rhyme Scheme Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Each new rhyme is assigned the next letter of the alphabet, while repeat sounds get whatever letter they were first assigned.
29What’s the rhyme scheme? From “Fireflies” by Owl CityYou would not believe your eyesIf ten million firefliesLit up the world as I fell asleepCause they fill the open airAnd leave teardrops everywhereYou'd think me rude, but IWould just stand and stare.I'd like to make myself believeThat planet Earth turns slowly.It's hard to say that I'dRather stay awake when I'm asleep,Cause everything is never as it seems.AABCCACBBABB
30Alliteration Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Writers use alliteration to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.
32Free Verse Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter. The poet is free to write lines of any length or with any number of stresses, or beats. Free verse is therefore less constraining than metrical verse, in which every line must have a certain length and a certain number of stresses.
33Refrain Poetic TECHNIQUES DEFINITION: a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or a song
34Refrain From Ludo’s “Love Me Dead” VERSE Love me cancerously Like a salt-sore soaked in the sea.'High-maintenance' meansYou're a gluttonous queenNarcissistic and mean.Kill me romanticallyFill my soul with vomitThen ask me for a piece of gum.Bitter and dumbYou're my sugarplum.You're awful, I love you!From Ludo’s “Love Me Dead”REFRAIN (CHORUS)She moves through moonbeams slowlyShe knows just how to hold meAnd when her edges softenHer body is my coffinI know she drains me slowly
36Poetic DevicesSimileDEFINITION: a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas.EXAMPLES:He is as tall as a redwood tree.She runs like a snail.
37Metaphor Poetic Devices DEFINITION: a figure of speech that describes something as though it were something else.EXAMPLES:from Tombstone >>> “Why Wyatt, you’re an oak.”You are such a stick in the mud.
38Poetic DevicesIdiomDEFINITION: an expression that has a meaning particular to a language or region. A phrase in which the literal meaning of the words does not add up to the actual meaning.
39idioms EXAMPLES: to go bananas = to get super excited on pins and needles =waiting with much anxietyhit the ground running =to get a quick start on somethingcopycat =someone who copies or mimicsin the doghouse =on someone’s bad side / in troublefly off the handle =to get super angry, very fast
40Analogy Poetic Devices DEFINITION: makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike – typically, A : B :: C : D –2 things compared to 2 things.EXAMPLES:A glove is to hand as monitor is to computer.Horses are to past societies as computers are to future societies.
41Hyperbole Poetic Devices DEFINITION: obvious and intentional exaggerationEXAMPLES:These books weigh a ton.I’m so tired I could sleep for a year.
42Poetic DevicesSymbolDEFINITION: anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols are common in everyday life.EXAMPLES:See the following slides…
62Personification Poetic Devices DEFINITION: a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.EXAMPLES:Nature speaks to people.The window winked at me.
63Poetic DevicesPunDEFINITION: the humorous use of a word or phrase to emphasize or suggest different meanings or applications; words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.EXAMPLES:Illusionists always find themselves in tricky situations.Romance isn't a science it's a heart.
65Poetic DevicesIronyDEFINITION: literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictionsEXAMPLES:from Sideshow Bob on the Simpsons:“I'm aware of the irony of appearing on TV in order to decry it.” (decry - condemn or denounce)
66Poetic DevicesParodyDEFINITION: a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writingEXAMPLES:Pride and Prejudice and ZombiesSense and Sensibility and Sea MonstersParry Hotter and the Seamy Side of Magic
67Onomatopoeia Poetic Devices DEFINITION: the use of words that imitate sounds and can help put the reader in the activity of a poem.EXAMPLES:ThumpPhlblblbplbKerplunkSquishThwackSplink