Presentation on theme: "The Power of Language Political language…is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable and to give an appearance of solidarity to pure."— Presentation transcript:
The Power of Language Political language…is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable and to give an appearance of solidarity to pure wind. -George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language”
Doublespeak We hear and read doublespeak every day, but what, exactly, is doublespeak? Webster's dictionary defines doublespeak with these words: evasive, ambiguous, high- flown language intended to deceive or confuse. Term was coined in 1974
Specific Attributes of Doublespeak (Lutz) misleads distorts reality pretends to communicate makes the bad seem good avoids or shifts responsibility makes the negative appear positive creates a false verbal map of the world limits, conceals, corrupts, and prevents thought makes the unpleasant appear attractive/tolerable creates absurdity between reality and what is said or not said
Types of Doublespeak Euphemism –words that attempt to soften, hide, or distort reality by putting the thing described into a better light, making the object it describes sound less frightening, less threatening, or less offensive –The word euphemism is derived from the Greek word euphemos, meaning “to use a good word for an evil or unfavorable word.”
Types of Doublespeak Jargon –specialized language used by a particular professional, trade, or hobby group; –specialized language; –can be overly-complex terms used to impress others –often meaningless to outsiders
Examples of Jargon MedicalEducationMilitaryTexting Laceration Aspirate Hematoma AP ESOL Warm-up POW MIA Army Brat LOL BTW TTYL
Types of Doublespeak Gobbledygook –many long, sophisticated words (think "gobs of words") –used in long, complicated sentences to confuse the audience and hide the real issue of the text or speech
Examples of Gobbledygook Gobbledygook: All transactions effected pursuant to this instrument shall be effected for the account and risk and in the name of the undersigned; and the undersigned hereby agrees to underwrite and hold you harmless from, and to pay you promptly on demand, any and all losses arising there from or any debit balance due thereon. English: You'll be responsible for anything you owe on your account.
Examples of Gobbledygook Gobbledygook: 'Twas the nocturnal segment of the period preceding the annual Yuletide celebration, and throughout our place of residence, kinetic activity was not in evidence among the possessors of this potential, including that species of domestic rodent known as Mus musculus. English: 'Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house, not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse;
Types of Doublespeak Inflated Language –puffed-up, important-sounding words used to give commonplace things and events an elevated, glowing appearance
Examples of Inflated Language negative patient care outcome: –the patient died mental activity at the margins: –insanity reutilization marketing yard: –junkyard
Negative Impacts Doublespeak Corrupts Thought –We use language to think, to make decisions, to express our thoughts and feelings on issues. If the language we hear and read is corrupt and misleading, it will corrupt and mislead our thought processes.
Negative Impacts Doublespeak Destroys Communication –Language affects how we think and act, it also affects our ability to communicate with other people. To discuss issues intelligently, we must use the language that we all agree on. If some people or groups use their own language of doublespeak that hides the truth and misleads the receivers of the message, then open, honest discussion cannot take place. In other words, we cannot truly relate with others.
Negative Impacts Doublespeak Erodes Trust –When we hear doublespeak from all sides-- government, education, the advertising industry, the media--we begin to be cynical and distrustful toward these institutions. This attitude of distrust then adds yet another barrier to true, open communication.
Examples of Euphemisms/ Doublespeak Look at the words on your cards. Your cards have either a word/thing or an example of euphemisms or doublespeak of a word/thing. Find your match and decide which one is the word/thing and which one is the euphemism/doublespeak. Try to group into euphemism or double speak.
Appropriate use of Euphemisms and Jargon Euphemism I say to a friend that I am sorry her husband "passed away”. Jargon Appropriate If medical doctors use jargon among themselves while discussing a medical concern. Inappropriate Doctors used the same language to explain a medical condition to a patient.
Identify examples of doublespeak from the novel. What impact does doublespeak have on the novel?