Video Definitions Necessary Multimedia Vocabulary #5 Journalism 108
Montage The aesthetics of editing, in video or in film production. The assemblage of segments of video, re-ordering images and sound within the matrix of time, for artistic and narrative effect.
Main Action The video footage which provides the main narrative flow; the main subject. Also referred to as A-Roll.
B-Roll The secondary video clips (also called cut-aways) which are inserted between segments of the main action.
B-Roll For example: to provide visual relief from a long “talking head” interview. to insert a different viewpoint of the subject, such as a close-up. to provide additional visual information.
Wild Sound Ambient or environmental noise that is recorded. It may be recorded unintentionally in the background or it may be recorded specifically to be used in the edited video. Wild sound can add a sense of realism to the video. Also referred to as Nat Sound.
Zoom To change the focal length of a variable focal length lens. Zooming-In: To increase the focal length and thereby make the subject appear bigger and closer. Zooming-Out: To decrease the focal length and thereby make the subject appear smaller and farther away.
Pan To move the camera to the left or right around its vertical axis. Best done with the camera on a tripod, moving smoothly and slowly, with the lens zoomed out. A fluid head tripod should be used for panning while zoomed in.
Tilt To move the camera up or down around its horizontal axis. Best done with the camera on a tripod, moving smoothly and slowly, with the lens zoomed out. A fluid head tripod should be used for tilts done while zoomed in.
Truck To move the entire camera while shooting the videotape; walking with the camera. If done in a studio, generally performed with the camera stationed on a dolly (a wheeled platform).
Transitions The visual effect used to change the screen from one image to another. May be as simple as a cut. May be as complex as a moving pattern containing one image which is replaced by another pattern containing the second image.
Cut The effect when two clips are butted together without a transition. Without a transition, there is nothing to soften the visual change from one image to the other.
Jump Cut A cut that presents an illogical or disorienting transition, usually to be avoided. A cut between two clips wherein the background is identical but the subject jumps from one position to another. Sometimes seen as “Camera magic.”
Talking Head An interview segment featuring video of the person talking as well as the audio sound bite. The term is usually used as a criticism, to imply that the visuals are not sufficiently interesting.
Sound Bite The edited segment of an interview. The audio-only segment of an interview, often edited with other video images (B-roll) to avoid the talking head.
Narration The spoken words added to the edited video, usually recorded in a studio. Also called V.O. (voice-over).
Stand-Up Narration in which the correspondent is photographed while talking to the camera. Usually used at the beginning or at the end of the piece.
C.G. Stands for Computer Graphics. Among other things, it’s the text or subtitles displayed with or without other video images. Also referred to as the Title(s).
QuickTime A method of slow compression, fast decompression storage for digital video used on many computer platforms.
Project In Final Cut, the document (file) containing all editing work; the blueprint for the movie which you are assembling. Not be confused with clips or the compiled movie. The project folder MUST be on the hard drive while working in Final Cut. Without the folder containing its media, a project cannot open.
Browser Window In Final Cut, the window into which all clips are imported prior to being placed into the Timeline Window.
Clips Component parts of an Final Cut project, may consist of: Digital video Still photographs. Audio. Graphics. Titles.
Preview Window In Final Cut, the window where clips from the Browser or the Timeline may be previewed.
Canvas Window In Final Cut, the window where the sequence of clips from the Timeline may be previewed as an edited video.
Timeline Window In Final Cut, the window where clips, transitions, and other effects are assembled in the order they are to be seen in the compiled movie. Also referred to as the “Sequence”
Video Tracks The tracks in Final Cut where video clips to be edited together are positioned. Usually limited to two tracks in Final Cut Express: V1 for the video, and V2 for superimpositions (titles, etc.).
Audio Tracks The tracks in Final Cut which are beneath the Video Track. There may be multiple audio tracks.
In-Point When editing a clip, the designated frame of the clip where you wish the edit to begin.
Out-Point When editing a clip, the designated frame of the clip where you wish the edit to end.
Trimming Adjusting the in point and/or the out point of a clip in order to control which part of the clip will be used in the Timeline Window.
Compiling The final step in making an Final Cut video, exporting all the tracks, transitions, and other effects into a composite QuickTime video.