2 Overview There are 3 terms that artists use when talking about colour Hue – the name of the colour (ie. Green is a hue)Value – the lightness or darkness of a colourIntensity – the brightness or saturation of a colour
3 Piet Mondrian, Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue, 1921 Primary ColoursRed, yellow, and blueFrom these, all colours can be madePiet Mondrian, Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue, 1921
4 Secondary ColoursBy mixing two primary colours you create a secondary color:Red + yellow =orangeyellow + blue = greenblue + red = violet
5 Henri Matisse, Le bonheur de vivre (The Joy of Life), 1905-06 Tertiary ColoursThese are created by mixing a primary and a secondary:Red + orange = red-orangeRed + violet = red-violetYellow + orange = yellow-orangeYellow + green = yellow-greenBlue + green = blue-greenBlue + violet = blue-violetHenri Matisse, Le bonheur de vivre (The Joy of Life),
7 MonochromaticUses only one hue (color) and all of its values (lightness and darkness) to create a unifying and harmonious effect.A tint is created by:adding white (when painting)applying less pressure (using using colour pencil)A shade is created by:adding black (when painting)applying more pressure (using colour pencil)
8 AnalogousColours that contain a common hue and are found next to each other on the color wheel, e.g., violet, red-violet, and red create a sense of harmony. Remember adjoining colours on the wheel are similar and tend to blend together. They are effective at showing depth.
9 Warm colours Suggest warmth and seem to move toward the viewer. Ex. red and orange are the colours of fire.Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, The Kiss, 1892
10 Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889 Cool ColoursSuggest coolness and seem to recede from a viewer.Ex. blue and green are the colours of water and trees.Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
11 Complementary Colours Two colors opposite one another on the color wheelblue and orange,yellow and violet,red and green.When a pair of high intensity complements are placed side by side, they seem to vibrate and draw attention to the element. Intensity can only be altered by mixing a color with its complement, which has the effect of visually neutralizing the color. Changing the values of the hues, adding black or white, will soften the effect.Henri Matisse, Woman with the Hat, Paris,
12 Split ComplimentaryThe split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme. In addition to the base color, it uses the two colors adjacent to its complement.