Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 World War II Ch. 16 the war claims an average of 27,600 lives/day 1150 lives/hour 19 lives/minute 1 life every 3 seconds An Army at Dawn Rick Atkinson."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 5 World War II Ch. 16 the war claims an average of 27,600 lives/day 1150 lives/hour 19 lives/minute 1 life every 3 seconds An Army at Dawn Rick Atkinson
Hitler and Stalin 5-paragraph Essay Similar to Mao/Gandhi, just in writing! “Compare and contrast the lives of Germans under Hitler’s rule to those of Russians under Stalin’s rule. What did each ruler do to gain and keep his power, and how were the lives of the people changed in each country?”
Adolf Hitler – Hitler Search Fascism –A totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life An EXTREME form of Nationalism –“The Seducer”
Joseph Stalin – Stalin search Totalitarianism Government control over every aspect of public and private life –“TOTAL” control “Stalin – Man of Steel”
Appeasement European leaders give in to Hitler’s demands in order to avoid war, neglecting the ToV… September 1938 – Munich Conference Lebensraum 1936-1938 –Czechoslovakia, Rhineland, Sudetenland –Austria - “Anschluss” Aug. 1939 - Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact –10 yr. Peace btwn Germany and USSR Nazi occupation flag
The Start of War Sept. 1 1939 Germany invades Poland –Blitzkrieg –England and France declare war USSR moves from the East
Early German Offensives France Surrenders German Army sweeps thru France in six weeks France Surrenders –June 22 1940 Battle of Britain Operation Sea Lion October 1940-May 1941 Air warfare German Luftwaffe vs British RAF Hitler wants to soften up Britain so he can invade
MORE German Offensives Operation Barbarossa June 22, 1941 Hitler invades USSR, breaks Pact Battle of Stalingrad (turning point of WW2) –Soviet victory
U.S enters the War – Pacific Theater PEARL HARBOR http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k9RSzcKp6Ww Dec. 7 1941 – “A date which will live in infamy” - FDR http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9uCGxk-v-Mc U.S. declares war on ALL of the Axis Powers Describe your feelings while listening to FDR’s speech. What emotions did he address?
European Theater 1942-1943 Axis Powers gaining and winning!! El Alamein turning point in North Africa –Tank warfare –Desert Fox – Erwin Rommel, Germany –Patton- US Allies advance into Italy
European Theatre Combined Allied attack in Normandy Established a beachhead in Europe Advancing towards Berlin – Battle of the Bulge June 6, 1944 D-Day
Race to Berlin Allies coming from West, South and North Soviets coming from the East (win the race!) Hitler commits suicide April 30, 1945 Germany surrenders May 7, 1945 Berlin ruins TODAY
Europe After the War Economies ruined Gov’t changes Increased US influence Communism spreads http://warchronicle.com/number s/WWII/deaths.htm http://warchronicle.com/number s/WWII/deaths.htm COLD WAR begins
War in the Pacific Japanese militarism and Imperialism Meiji Restoration Spreading Empire - – SE Asia, Korea and towards the U.S. (even Alaska!) Powerful Navy
War in the Pacific Island Hopping Mostly between U.S. Marines and Japanese soldiers Japanese and U.S. Navies –Battle of Midway turning point
Japanese Refuse to Surrender Invading Japan would cost 500,000-1,000,000 US lives Harry Truman decides to drop Atomic bombs August 6, 1945 – Hiroshima August 9, 1945 – Nagasaki September 2, 1945 Mac Arthur accepts Japanese surrender De-militarization and US –Japanese Modernization –China?
The BIG Questions Was Truman right in his decision to drop the bomb? What other choices did he have? What consequences did this decision have for the war and beyond?
January 30, 1933 Hitler named Chancellor Sept. 1, 1939 – Blitzkrieg (WW2 begins) Dec. 7, 1941 –Pearl Harbor 42-43 Axis control and success WW2 Summary So Far Allied Turning Points –1942-1943 –Stalingrad –El Alamein June 6, 1944 D-Day April 30, 1945 May 7, 1945
The Holocaust http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zaCdKwFcHnw K – W - L
Genocide “The deliberate and systematic destruction of an entire people who belong to one racial, political, cultural or religious group.” Genocide is Hitler’s “Final Solution” to the “Problem”
Nazi Holocaust Timeline 1933 book burnings begin March 1933 Dachau opens as a “Work Camp” 1935 Nuremberg Laws –Jobs, citizenship, property –Yellow stars of David 1937 Mass exodus of Jews from Germany 1938 Polish ghettos November 9, 1938 “Kristallnacht” 1941 First “Death Camps” 1942 Hitler’s “Final Solution” begins – use of Zyklon B 1945 Allied liberation