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Globalization CMN 2168. 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic.

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Presentation on theme: "Globalization CMN 2168. 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Globalization CMN 2168

2 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic perspective, globalisation is best defined as 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic perspective, globalisation is best defined as a. the economic interdependence of different nations made possible thanks to financial exchanges only; b. the economic interdependence of different nations through international transactions in goods and services and fast and widespread diffusion of (new) technologies; c. A and B; d. none of the above.

3 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic perspective, globalisation is best defined as 1. Globalisation can be understood and theorised differently according to the particular field one refers to. If we take an economic perspective, globalisation is best defined as a. the economic interdependence of different nations made possible thanks to financial exchanges only; b. the economic interdependence of different nations through international transactions in goods and services and fast and widespread diffusion of (new) technologies; c. A and B; d. none of the above.

4 2. Globalization is based on the Washington consensus, which 2. Globalization is based on the Washington consensus, which a. is a synonymous for neo-liberalism; b. marks a willingness to erase all obstacles to its own development (public services, protectionist measures etc); c. aims at rationalizing all activities and services; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

5 2. Globalization is based on the Washington consensus, which 2. Globalization is based on the Washington consensus, which a. is a synonymous for neo-liberalism; b. marks a willingness to erase all obstacles to its own development (public services, protectionist measures etc); c. aims at rationalizing all activities and services; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

6 3. According to Bourdieu, neo-liberal doctrine has succeeded in imposing itself without being questioned partly thanks to euphemisms. By this he meant that 3. According to Bourdieu, neo-liberal doctrine has succeeded in imposing itself without being questioned partly thanks to euphemisms. By this he meant that a. language cannot express the complexity of the global order; b. language has been used to soften the negative effects of neo-liberal doctrine by opting for specific expressions and vocabulary; c. language has been used to direct attention to the negative effects of neo-liberal doctrine by opting for specific expressions and vocabulary; d. A and B; e. A and C.

7 3. According to Bourdieu, neo-liberal doctrine has succeeded in imposing itself without being questioned partly thanks to euphemisms. By this he meant that 3. According to Bourdieu, neo-liberal doctrine has succeeded in imposing itself without being questioned partly thanks to euphemisms. By this he meant that a. language cannot express the complexity of the global order; b. language has been used to soften the negative effects of neo-liberal doctrine by opting for specific expressions and vocabulary; c. language has been used to direct attention to the negative effects of neo-liberal doctrine by opting for specific expressions and vocabulary; d. A and B; e. A and C.

8 4. Alter-globalization promotes 4. Alter-globalization promotes a. a new form of resistance against sceptics; b. a new type of globalization; c. both; d. none of the above.

9 4. Alter-globalization promotes 4. Alter-globalization promotes a. a new form of resistance against sceptics; b. a new type of globalization; c. both; d. none of the above.

10 5. What does ‘liberal’ mean? 5. What does ‘liberal’ mean? a. ‘liberal’ can mean socially progressive; b. ‘liberal’ refers to a political doctrine that advocates limited state intervention in individual freedom; c. ‘liberal’ refers to the doctrine of free enterprise, according to which the State is not supposed to intervene in the market; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

11 5. What does ‘liberal’ mean? 5. What does ‘liberal’ mean? a. ‘liberal’ can mean socially progressive; b. ‘liberal’ refers to a political doctrine that advocates limited state intervention in individual freedom; c. ‘liberal’ refers to the doctrine of free enterprise, according to which the State is not supposed to intervene in the market; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

12 6. What is the financial logic? 6. What is the financial logic? a. It is related to new media / new technologies and their exceptional rational capacity; b. It is related to neo-liberalism and is best defined as a constant willingness to increase profit and share value; c. both; d. none of the above.

13 6. What is the financial logic? 6. What is the financial logic? a. It is related to new media / new technologies and their exceptional rational capacity; b. It is related to neo-liberalism and is best defined as a constant willingness to increase profit and share value; c. both; d. none of the above.

14 7. Hard and Negri have labelled globalization Empire. By this they mean that 7. Hard and Negri have labelled globalization Empire. By this they mean that a. the dichotomy centre-periphery remains central to globalization; b. the dichotomy centre-periphery is no longer pertinent; c. Empire is a move beyond sovereignty; d. A and B; e. B and C.

15 7. Hard and Negri have labelled globalization Empire. By this they mean that 7. Hard and Negri have labelled globalization Empire. By this they mean that a. the dichotomy centre-periphery remains central to globalization; b. the dichotomy centre-periphery is no longer pertinent; c. Empire is a move beyond sovereignty; d. A and B; e. B and C.

16 8. Which one of the following characteristics is not related to Empire? 8. Which one of the following characteristics is not related to Empire? a. Empire does not rely on the traditional centre- periphery dichotomy; b. Empire necessitates a separation of the economic from other aspects of contemporary life; c. Empire possesses its own logic; d. A and B; e. B and C.

17 8. Which one of the following characteristics is not related to Empire? 8. Which one of the following characteristics is not related to Empire? a. Empire does not rely on the traditional centre- periphery dichotomy; b. Empire necessitates a separation of the economic from other aspects of contemporary life; c. Empire possesses its own logic; d. A and B; e. B and C.

18 9. A doxa is 9. A doxa is a. a type of ideology directly related to globalization; b. a type of ideology directly related to neo- liberalism; c. a type of ideology that aims at mostly promoting globalization; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

19 9. A doxa is 9. A doxa is a. a type of ideology directly related to globalization; b. a type of ideology directly related to neo- liberalism; c. a type of ideology that aims at mostly promoting globalization; d. all of the above; e. none of the above.

20 10. What is technological determinism? 10. What is technological determinism? a. it is the notion that technology is directly determined by specific social contexts and cannot transform society; b. it is the notion that technology is independent of social contexts and can have a powerful impact on society; c. it is the notion that technology is unavoidable; d. it is the notion that popcorn should not be allowed in movie theatres.

21 10. What is technological determinism? 10. What is technological determinism? a. it is the notion that technology is directly determined by specific social contexts and cannot transform society; b. it is the notion that technology is independent of social contexts and can have a powerful impact on society; c. it is the notion that technology is unavoidable; d. it is the notion that popcorn should not be allowed in movie theatres.

22 The Corporation Neo-liberalism Neo-liberalism Privatisations Privatisations Liberalisation of trade and finance Liberalisation of trade and finance Supremacy of markets Supremacy of markets All activities and services need to be rationalized. All activities and services need to be rationalized.

23 The Corporation The corporation's original purpose was to serve the public interest. However, its role has changed with time. The corporation's original purpose was to serve the public interest. However, its role has changed with time. A LEGAL "PERSON" A LEGAL "PERSON" In the mid-1800s the corporation emerged as a legal "person." Imbued with a "personality" of pure self-interest, the next 100 years saw the corporation's rise to dominance. The corporation created unprecedented wealth but at what cost?...

24 THE PATHOLOGY OF COMMERCE: CASE HISTORIES THE PATHOLOGY OF COMMERCE: CASE HISTORIES To assess the "personality" of the corporate "person," a checklist is employed, using diagnostic criteria of the World Health Organization and the standard diagnostic tool of psychiatrists and psychologists. The operational principles of the corporation give it a highly anti- social "personality«.

25 The modern business corporation is created by law to function like a psychopathic personality. Characteristics of a psychopath: Callous unconcern for the feelings of others Callous unconcern for the feelings of others Incapacity to maintain enduring relationships Incapacity to maintain enduring relationships Reckless disregard for the safety of others Reckless disregard for the safety of others

26 Deceitfulness: repeated lying and conning others (for profit) Deceitfulness: repeated lying and conning others (for profit) Incapacity to experience guilt Incapacity to experience guilt Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behviours Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behviours The corporation = a psychopath.

27 MINDSET MINDSET But what is the ethical mindset of corporate players? Should the institution or the individuals within it be held responsible? The people who work for corporations may be good people, upstanding citizens in their communities, but none of that matters when they enter the corporation's world…

28 MONSTROUS OBLIGATIONS MONSTROUS OBLIGATIONS The Corporation exists to create wealth, and even world disasters can be profit centers.

29 PLANET INC. PLANET INC. Corporations have no built-in limits on what, who, or how much they can exploit for profit… Today, every molecule on the planet is up for grabs. In a bid to own it all, corporations are patenting animals, plants, even your DNA. Around things too precious, vulnerable, sacred or important to the public interest, governments have, in the past, drawn protective boundaries against corporate exploitation. Today, governments are inviting corporations into domains from which they were previously barred.

30 PERCEPTION MANAGEMENT PERCEPTION MANAGEMENT Today people can become brands (Martha Stewart). And brands can build cities (Celebration, Florida). And university students can pay for their educations by shilling on national television for a credit card company (Chris and Luke). And a corporation even owns the rights to the popular song "Happy Birthday" (a division of AOL-Time-Warner). Do you ever get the feeling it's all a bit much? Today people can become brands (Martha Stewart). And brands can build cities (Celebration, Florida). And university students can pay for their educations by shilling on national television for a credit card company (Chris and Luke). And a corporation even owns the rights to the popular song "Happy Birthday" (a division of AOL-Time-Warner). Do you ever get the feeling it's all a bit much? Corporations have invested billions to shape public and political opinion. When they own everything, who will stand for the public good? Corporations have invested billions to shape public and political opinion. When they own everything, who will stand for the public good?

31 DEMOCRACY LTD. DEMOCRACY LTD. Democracy is a value that the corporation just doesn't understand. In fact, corporations have often tried to undo democracy if it is an obstacle to their single-minded drive for profit. And corporations do not hesitate to take advantage of democracy's absence either. One of the most shocking stories of the twentieth century is Edwin Black's recounting IBM's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany-one that began in 1933 in the first weeks that Hitler came to power and continued well into World War II.

32 FISSURES FISSURES The corporation may be trying to render governments impotent, but since the landmark WTO protest in Seattle, a rising wave of networked individuals and groups have decided to make their voices heard...

33 Corporations are required by law to elevate their own interests above those of others, making them prone to prey upon and exploit others without regard for legal rules or moral limits. Corporations are required by law to elevate their own interests above those of others, making them prone to prey upon and exploit others without regard for legal rules or moral limits. Corporate social responsibility, though sometimes yielding positive results, most often serves to mask the corporation's true character, not to change it. Corporate social responsibility, though sometimes yielding positive results, most often serves to mask the corporation's true character, not to change it.

34 The corporation's self interest victimizes individuals, the environment, and even shareholders, and can cause corporations to self-destruct. The corporation's self interest victimizes individuals, the environment, and even shareholders, and can cause corporations to self-destruct. Despite its flawed character, governments have freed the corporation from legal constraints through deregulation, and granted it ever greater power over society through privatization. Despite its flawed character, governments have freed the corporation from legal constraints through deregulation, and granted it ever greater power over society through privatization.


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