Presentation on theme: "Urban & Community Forestry"— Presentation transcript:
1 Urban & Community Forestry 2015 Current IssuePennsylvania Envirothon
2 IntroductionThe value of trees in our community is often overlooked but trees make human habitats more livable.Often we go about our days, and don’t stop to think about how trees soften the many harsh aspects of our built environment.
3 Key Topics:What is sustainable urban/community forestry and why is it important?What are the benefits of urban/community forests to society?What are the costs associated with urban/community forestry?What is an urban forest plan and why is it an essential tool?
4 Urban Forestry…Refers to all publicly and privately owned trees within an urban area, including:Trees along streetsTrees in backyardsUrban parksLandscaped boulevardsPublic gardensGreenwaysNature preserves
5 Urban/Community Forestry is… the management of trees for their contribution to the physiological, sociological, and economic well being of the urban society.the art, science, and technology of managing trees, forests, and natural systems in and around cities, suburbs, and towns for the health and well-being of all people.
6 Urban/Community Forestry… Involves: selection, planting, maintenance of all trees and landscapes in an urbanized area.Is a well planned, coordinated programInvolves a partnership among federal and state governmental agencies, private sector companies, organizations, and the public.
8 Economic Benefits Attracts businesses and tourists Higher occupancy ratesHigher property valuesLower crime ratesGood investment for their return
9 Economic Benefits Saves energy Cooling in hotter months Can reduce air conditioning by 30%Wind barrier during winterCan reduce heating by 20 to 50%
10 Environmental Benefits Sustains long-term environmentalModerates the effects of harsh weatherImproves air qualityReduces noise pollutionImproves water qualityReduces runoff and erosionFilters stormwater and reduces floodingReduces wind erosion of soilProvides habitat for birds and wildlife
11 Community Benefits Safeguard pedestrians from traffic Provides screening and privacyReduces noise pollutionReduces glare on sunny days
12 Aesthetic Benefits Trees add beauty and peace Trees contribute positively to our quality of lifeTrees can serve as a source of community pride
13 Health Benefits Creates feelings of relaxation and well-being Provides privacy and sense of solitude and securityCreates recreational areas for walkers, runners, cyclists, and moreImproves attentionImproves physical and mental healthDecreases asthma and obesity
14 Improvements in Air Quality Absorbs and reduces airborne pollutantsStores millions of tons of carbonLower air temperatures - “cooling effect” of trees – in turn reduces carbon emissions from building energy use and other sources
15 Improvements in Water Quality Reduces rate and volume of storm-water runoffAbsorbs some of the nutrients in the soilHelps prevent raw sewage spilloverTrees, vegetation, and wetlands can help prevent flooding of sewage treatment facilities.Limits soil erosion by helping control storm-water flow.
16 Threats to Urban/Community Forests Insects and diseases, (i.e., gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, fungi that cause Dutch elm disease, chestnut blight,)Wildfire/fireNatural catastrophic eventsInvasive speciesDevelopmentClimate change
17 Why should my community do a tree inventory? To determine the need for a community programTo prioritize maintenance schedulesTo educate the public and residents and promote the programTo facilitate the planningTo provide the basis for the development of a comprehensive management plan
18 Why should my community have a management plan? Increased Public SafetyIncreased EfficiencyFacilitate Short- And Long-Term PlanningJustify BudgetsDocumentation
19 Management Plan Components Tree InventoriesTree Inventory and Mapping Data Management SoftwareTree Risk Reduction Plan/Emergency Storm ResponseTree Board or Advisory Council DevelopmentPublic Relations and EducationUrban Forest Cost/Benefit Analysis
20 What is a Tree Inventory? Statistically reliable survey of publicly owned and managed trees, used to determine:Location and the exact or estimated measurements of:Quantity and QualityHealth and trends of the urban forestDescription of other urban forest attributes:Potential planting sites,Utilities presentHardscape features
21 Tree Inventories Types Windshield Surveys Statistical Sample InventoriesPartial InventoriesComplete InventoriesUsing and Managing the Inventory DataInventory Data AnalysisPopulation CharacteristicsMaintenance and Planting ProgramsInsect and Disease Threats and ControlBudgets
22 Tree Risk Reduction Plan/ Emergency Storm Response Plan Risk Reduction plans include:Clearing leaves and woody debris from gutters and storm drainsSidewalk, street, and building clearance standardsLine-of-sight conflicts for street and safety signageBlockage of street lamps and traffic lightsConflicts with overhead and underground utilities
23 Tree Risk Reduction Plan/ Emergency Storm Response Plan Collecting and disposing of debris produced by catastrophic disasters, such as tornadoes, ice storms, hurricanes, and severe windsManaging increased:Threats to life from hanging limbs and uprooted treesHindrance to life-saving efforts by blocked streets and drivewaysPower outages and power restoration effortsPersonal and public property damage
24 Tree Board or Advisory Council Development Can provide a number of services, including:Educate the citizens at largeInteract with elected officialsAssist with maintenance tasks (small tree maintenance, mulching, planting, watering)Generate private financial donations and apply for grantsThey serve in an advisory capacity only
25 Public Relations and Education Have a computerized tree inventory and urban forest management plan accessible by the public – print hardcopy or on a websiteOther actions may include:Public meetings and/or seminarsMonthly tree-related articles for the newspaperLetters to residents announcing tree maintenance or planting projects
26 Urban Forest Cost/Benefit Analysis Trees growing in any community are valuable municipal resources.They provide tangible and intangible benefits for diverse services such as: Pollution control, Energy reduction, Storm water management, Property values, Wildlife habitat, Education, Aesthetics.Benefits once considered unquantifiable, now can be calculated using models contained in i-Tree software and current tree inventory information.
27 Urban Forest Cost/Benefit Analysis Benefits to the public works manager:Obtaining economic evaluations for street trees to assess management programJustification for funding and performing strategic planningGaining more public supportDetermining the annual amount of pollution removed by the urban forest, the amount of carbon sequestered, the amount of energy consumption reductions, and estimated increases in property values and aesthetics
28 Models and Toolsi-Tree – Suite of software tools to help users identify and manage the structure, function, and value of urban tree populations.LeafsnapForest Service Web sites - U.S. Forest Service, State forestry agencies, etc.Arbor Day FoundationTree City U.S.A.
29 Thank you for your learning about Urban and Community Forestry!