Presentation on theme: "Section 1 Quiz What is the hijra? Who was Muhammad?"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 1 Quiz What is the hijra? Who was Muhammad? Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic?What is the Islamic holy text, or holy book called?Define jihad.
2SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire. b. Identify the Muslim trade routes to India, China, Europe, and Africa and assess the economic impact of this trade. c. Explain the reasons for the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims. d. Identify the contributions of Islamic scholars in medicine (Ibn Sina) and geography (Ibn Battuta). e. Describe the impact of the Crusades on both the Islamic World and Europe. (media center on Thursday) f. Analyze the relationship between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
4Arabian Peninsula Mostly desert Occupied by Bedouins Mecca was central trading city
5Muhammad the Prophet Read p. 252 Married rich widow 15 years older than himWent to cave and heard Allah’s voiceWas illiterate – family members wrote down his revelationsBegan teaching what he heardTravelled to Mecca and destroyed the idolsBefore Islam, religions of the Arabian Peninsula were polytheistic.
6Islam - Doctrine Five pillars, or tenets Declaration of FaithPray 5 times a day facing MeccaTithe – 2% of incomeJihad – spiritual struggleHajj – to MeccaQuran, also spelled Koran, is main holy bookBelieve Jesus was prophet but not GodHoly day is on Friday – like Jewish SabbathCall to Prayer
7Women and Islam Sharia – Islamic law Quran treats men and women with equalityIn practice, similar to how women were viewed according to Christianity, some Muslim women were highly subjugated, or inferior to men, in ancient Islamic societies
8Islamic Schism “Major sects of Islam” – Video Sunnis – Shiites – Sufis/Dervishes -Black Muslims –What are the reasons for the schism, or split?
9Islamic Schism Muhammad died, he had no sons Leaders argue over who should take over as caliphSunnis say the leader should be electedShiites say the leader should be a blood relation of MuhammadThis led to religious wars between the two
10Spread of Islam – Umayyads 650-750 A.D. Later Umayyad caliphate rulersMuhammad’scaliphateMuhammad dies – 632 A.D.1st caliph, Abu Baker, spreads Islam through series of warsFirst four caliphs conquered Byzantine and Persian territoryTolerant conquerors – didn’t force conversionConquer Modern day Spain
11Spread of Islam – Abbasids 750-1250 A.D. A new family of Sunni leaders take powerBaghdad becomes their powerful Arab capitalThis is the Golden AgeArabs invent Algebra, advances in mathematics and medicine
12Effects of Islamic Empires Create learning centers in Cairo, Cordoba Spain, and BaghdadTrade network closely links Europe and the Arab worldWhile Europe was in Dark Ages, preserved learning from Ancient Greeks and Romans
13Decline of Islamic Empires 850 A.D. Ottoman Turks conquer most of the Byzantine empire1099 A.D. Christians attack Jerusalem in the Crusades – attacks lasted nearly 200 years1216 A.D. Genghis Khan leading the Mongols attacks
14Based on your class notes and the video, fill out this chart SIMILARITIES of Christianity, Islam, and JudaismDIFFERENCES of Christianity, Islam, and JudaismMonotheistic1. Muslims believe all 3 have same god, Jews and Christians don’t2. All offer afterlife; humans come from Adam and Eve2. They exclude each other as paths to the afterlife/heaven3. All believe in Old Testament characters; Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Noah, Moses3. jewish- Isaac’s ancestors are gods chosen; Muslim-Ishmael’s ancestors are chosen4. All believe Jesus existed4. Christians=jesus is god, Jews=jesus was a man, Muslims=jesus was a prophet5. All started in Middle East; Jerusalem is holy city5. Christianity=isreal, Judaism=Mesopotamia, Islam=Arabian peninsula6. All emphasize peace; all have used their religion to make war6. Bible, Koran, Torah
15Spice Trade – what were spices back then? Muslims control the spice trade for 400 yearsBegan to trade directly in spicesTook Islam with them
16Islamic Scholars Ibn Sana – 900 AD Ibn Battuta – 1330 AD Child geniusStudied AristotleBy 18, was prominent doctorWrote more than 40 books describing diseases and discussing philosophyIbn Battuta – 1330 AD- travelled from Europe to Asia- took detailed journals- made maps of his travels- gives modern historians a picture of what life was like at that time
17Pop QuizWrite an 8-sentence paragraph, based on your assignment yesterday and the notes we’ve taken, that explains what the Crusades were, why they were undertaken, who participated in them, when they occurred, and how they affected the caliphate (Islamic Empire). Make sure you include a sentence about Salah Al-Din (Saladin) and his role in the Crusades.1 pt of extra credit if you explain what the word crusades means or where the word comes from.
19Dehli Sultanate, Mughals (Mongols), and Ottomans Delhi Sultanate – 200 yearsDefeated Hindus with better weapons in A.D.-used better arrows and horses instead of elephants-Hindu princes couldn’t uniteTamarlane defeats the Delhi SultanateMughals – 300 yearsMongolian descendants who became MuslimBabur – first mughal leaderAkbar (The Great)Strong central govt.Modernized armyPromoted religious harmonyMughal EmpireDelhi Empire
20Taj Mahal – NOT a mosque It’s a burial tomb. Built by Shah Jahan, grandson of Akbar, for his favorite wife.Built in Persian style
21Ottoman Empire – Islamic Turks Suleiman “The Lawgiver”- Ottoman ruler during “Golden Age”- modernized army- at height, ruled same area as Roman EmpireJanissaries – elite fighting forceSociety organized into 4 classes- intellectuals - business men- warriors - farmers
22Christianity, Islam, and Judaism Circle Maps Requirements:3 circlesOne for each religion7 points of information in circle2 points of info in frame of reference1. What do you think about the religion?FRAME OF REFERENECEHoly textArea of the world where the religion originated or began2. Founder3. & 4. Two beliefs about the way people should behave or actRELIGION6. How the religion says women should be treated.Christianity – pIslam – pJudaism – p.46-477. List major sects or denominations2. What do you think other religions say or believe about it?3. If believers of a religion were or are persecuted, why do you think that is?
23CNN Quiz T or F: We are OFFICIALLY in a recession? What is a recession?What device are airports and border customs using to improve security?Which service industries are witnessing an upswing in business despite the economic slow down?
33Music “Oud” stringed instrument Became the “lute” in Spain The Lute became the modern guitar
34Islamic LiteratureSpoken word – Bedouins didn’t write their poetry down – memorizedExtemporaneous – improvisedRhymed and free verse1,001 Arabian Nights - Scheherazade – fictitious person
35Tarafah ibn Al-Abd - 800’s A.D. Famous Islamic Poet “A young gazelle there is in the tribe, dark-lipped, fruit-shaking, flaunting a double necklace of pearls and topazes, holding aloof, with the herd grazing in the lush thicket, nibbling the tips of the arak-fruit, wrapped in her cloak. Her dark lips part in a smile, teeth like a chamomile on a moist hillock shining amid the virgin sands, whitened as it were by the sun's rays, all but her gums that are smeared with colyrium - she gnaws not against them; a face as though the sun had loosed his mantle upon it, pure of hue, with not a wrinkle to mar it.”
36Compare Poetry Shakespeare 1600’s: “My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun ; Coral is far more red than her lips' red.I have seen roses, damask'd red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks “Yazid 800’s:“She is radiant. The sun would be ashamed to rise again on anyone if it only saw her…Pearls rained down from her Narcissus eyes, the roses of her cheeks and her wine-red lips.”
37Vocab Quiz Define the following terms: SultanateCasteRajahWho were the Delhi sultans?Who were the Mughals?
38Word Search Define the following terms: Ch. 11 RajahSultanateMinaretCasteShah
39Review Christians worship in a ______. Muslims worship in a ______. Jews worship in a _______.What is Sharia? What does it deal with today?What are the five pillars of Islam?Why are people living in North Africa Muslims today?T or F: Muhammad is a Muslim God.T or F: The Quran states women are spiritually equal to men.T or F: The Delhi sultanate was an empire.
40Christian Holy WarsOccurred because Ottomans asked for Europeans help against the SeljuksThen Christians attacked Muslims, Jews, Pagan Slavs, and Ottomans Pilgrims not crusadersCommanded by the PopeTook place over 200 yearsConquered Palestine and Jerusalem
41CNN News/Notes Quiz – Open-Note Describe the public option (what is the public option we keep hearing about in the news?What illness is now considered a world-wide pandemic?How are vaccines made?What new technique have some scientists come up with to make vaccines that is not yet approved by the Food and Drug Administration?In what U.S. territory did a wild fire break out?One man makes about $25,000 extra a year selling what baseball supply item?The Tea Party protests, of the Republican party, are protesting what current bill in discussion in Congress?Why is the Army’s new Drill Sergeant school commandant unique?In St. Paul, Minnesota, what new college degree can you get?What animal turned out to be an excellent skate-boarder?Why did President Obama declare the H1N1 virus to be a national emergency even thought lots of people aren’t dying from it?Iran says it’s nuclear program is not to make bombs but to create what?