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NY State, City, County Management Association State of the Municipal Insurance Market: Coverages & Exposures Presented By: Susan O’Rorke, John Congdon.

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Presentation on theme: "NY State, City, County Management Association State of the Municipal Insurance Market: Coverages & Exposures Presented By: Susan O’Rorke, John Congdon."— Presentation transcript:

1 NY State, City, County Management Association State of the Municipal Insurance Market: Coverages & Exposures Presented By: Susan O’Rorke, John Congdon & Bob Bambino NY Municipal Insurance Reciprocal

2 State of the Municipal Market  Industry Results Recap  Market Consolidation / Change in Players  Pricing Trends  Coverage Trends  “Alternative” Markets

3 Industry Results Recap

4 Property/Casualty Income/Loss  1997: $36.6 Billion  1998: $30.8 Billion  1999: $21.9 Billion  2000: $20.5 Billion  2001: -$7.9 Billion

5 Market Consolidation / Change in Players  Thirteen years of rate decreases and deteriorating profits have driven many competitors from the field.  The opportunity to ride a wave of rate increases will entice new players to enter the market.

6 Pricing Trends 2003 Projections Property:30-40% General Liability:10-20% Auto Liability:10-20% Excess / Umbrella:30-50% Law Enforcement:30-40% Workers’ Comp.:25-35%

7 Coverage Trends Positive Developments  Liability Limits to $10M and more  Sudden and Accidental Pollution Liability  Zoning and Land Use Coverage  Flood Coverage - even in flood zones  Earthquake available  Terrorism no longer excluded

8 Coverage Trends Negative Developments  Windstorm Deductibles  EPL as a stand-alone policy  Deductibles that include expenses  Erosion of blanket property limits; specific  limits being used  Mold Exclusions  Coverage for skate parks??

9 “Alternative Markets”  NYMIR - New York Municipal Insurance Reciprocal  Workers’ Compensation Pools  Comp. Alliance - New York Workers’ Compensation Alliance  PERMA - Public Employer Risk Management Association  Self-Insurance

10 Service Cutbacks:  Risk Management/Loss Control Services  Customer Service  Claim Management Services

11 Claim Management  Litigation Strategy – companies more inclined to settle lawsuits?  First-Party Claims – tougher claims adjusting?  Attorney Assignment – less cases to outside firms?  Claim Investigator Assignment and Procedures – reduction in staff?

12 Purchasing Insurance  Bidding Your Insurance  Consultants - Pros and Cons  Carrier Options  Selecting a Broker

13 Bidding Your Insurance PROs  Create Competitive Environment  Understand the Marketplace  Eliminate the “politics” of insurance. CONs  Increased Costs  Loss of Potential Competitors  Loss of Stability

14 Consultants PROs  Objective Third Party  Eliminate the “politics”  Thorough professional review CONs  Objective Third Party?  Additional Costs

15 Carrier Options  Direct Writers  Agency Companies  Pools & Reciprocals

16 Selecting a Broker  Expertise – how many municipal clients?  Market Access  Volume  Value-Added Services

17 How to Stabilize your Premiums  Increase deductibles  Review coverage limits  Eliminate unnecessary coverages  Consider self-insured retentions  Practice aggressive risk management

18 Workers’ Compensation Alternatives  For-Profit Private Carriers  Individual Self-Insurance  Group Self-Insurance

19 For-Profit Private Carriers  Traditional Policy  Pay an annual premium  Post-expiration date premium audit  Potential coverage limitations & disputes  Carrier controls claims process & services  Carrier benefits from interest earned on funds set aside to pay future claims

20 Self-Insurance  Control - Annual funding - Claim processing - No coverage disputes - Capture interest income  Non-Profit Structure - Tax exempt  Stability

21 Individual Self-Insurance  Total Control of annual funding requirement  Total control of claims process  Assume entire risk  Assume all operational costs  Potential volatility

22 Group Self-Insurance  Shared control/determination of annual funding requirement  Shared control of claims process  Spread risk amongst members  Share operational costs  Stability

23 Municipal Risk Management – Current Issues and Trends Loss Drivers  EPL  Snowplow Claims  WC – Slip & Fall Claims Problems & Concerns  Community Use of Facilities  Skate Parks  Construction Insurance Requirements

24 Employment Practices Liability Leading loss driver for the POL Policy Our experience: Discrimination based on age, disability and sexual harassment Not all allegations are covered by a POL Policy U.S. workforce becoming more diversified - presents challenges and opportunities

25 Changes in US Workforce By 2020: Hispanics will make-up 14% of the workforce Asians – 6% African-Americans – 11% Women – 50% Employment Policy Foundation: The American Workplace, “A Century of Progress…A Century of Change”

26 Impact of these Changes  More workers in federally protected classes  Greater exposure for the POL policy  More complaints to the EEOC - Steady increase in national origin and race complaints - Large increase in payments made by the EEOC for national origin and race complaints

27 Seven Ways to Stay Out of the EPL Quagmire 1. Adopt Anti-Harassment and Discrimination Policies 2. Implement Workable Complaint Procedures 3. Supervise the “Supervisors” 4. Look for Informal Resolutions 5. Investigate Fairly 6. Train, Train and then Train Again 7. Prohibit, Prevent and Preclude Retaliation

28 Skating Dilemma  7-10 million skateboarders  8-10% annual increase in participation  Over 300 skate parks in use  Over 54,000 participant injuries; a 13% increase in injuries  Most common reason for injury – falls from irregular surfaces or debris on the riding surface  Very little litigation!

29 What do Underwriters Consider When Evaluating Skate Parks?  Size  Number of participants  Supervision  Type and number of ramps  Fencing/signage  Loss history  Use of waivers

30 Risk Control Methods Building a Skating Facility Check local ordinances Arrange for adequate space - at least 9,000 sq. feet Retain an experienced design professional & contractor. No national standards at this time Get certificates of insurance Specs should include the maximum number of skaters, ramp heights, signage, lighting, fencing & maintenance Compliance with the ADA Use waivers & require personal protective equipment – helmets, knee and elbow pads

31 Snowplow Claims  Section 1103 (b) of the MV & Traffic Law (“Hazardous Vehicle Doctrine”)  Defense for municipalities for accidents during snow removal operations  Doesn’t apply if actions were reckless

32 Community Use of Facilities  Use a use of facilities form  Require insurance coverage from most facility users  Address alcohol use

33 Construction Insurance Requirements  Should be reviewed by insurance representative  Municipality as an additional insured by specific endorsement  “Reasonable” limits  Non-admitted insurers


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