Religion: Conflict View Critical of religion Marx Repressed workers retreat to religion “Opium of the people” Legitimation of social inequality
Religion: In the United States Weber: Protestant Work Ethic Stratification Diversity 10 am-11 am on Sundays: Most segregated hour in the United States
Education and Industrialization Credential societies Diplomas, degrees = sorting devices Education related to economy
Education and Functionalism Teaching knowledge and skills Manifest function Transmit knowledge Latent functions Maintain social control Cultural transmission of values Social integration
Education and Functionalism Latent functions Maintain social control Cultural transmission of values Social integration Gatekeeping Meritocracy: Who can work where? Tracking: Vocational vs. Ivy League?
Education and Conflict Theory System perpetuates social inequality Funneling effects Income Education Family over achievement Figure 13.2 - The Funneling Effects of Education: Race and Ethnicity. Page 349
Education and Conflict Theory System perpetuates social inequality Hidden curriculum Obedience to authority Conformity to norms
Education and Conflict Theory Hidden curriculum: Ex. language and “manners” Social class lines: middle vs. working
Education and Conflict Theory Hidden curriculum: “Breaking through Barriers” p. 353-54; 508-09
Education and Conflict Theory Cultural bias IQ or SAT test scores A symphony is to a composer as a book is to a(n) ___________. a) paperb) sculptorc) musician d) authore) man
Education and Conflict Theory Tracking revisited Reinforcement of inequality? Social class Elite = More $$, more time to study School: derived from Greek word for leisure
Education and Symbolic Interactionism Teachers’ expectations impact students Rist Research Divide class into groups: fast, avg, slow Social class basis for splits High achievers: High expectations; Low expectations: low achievement Labels followed children through school Self-fulfilling prophecy
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