Presentation on theme: " Members : - Alejandra Peñailillo - Maytte Sepúlveda - Diego Mansilla - Tomas Yáñez - Fernanda Mendo - Bárbara Vargas School: - San Francisco de Asis."— Presentation transcript:
Members : - Alejandra Peñailillo - Maytte Sepúlveda - Diego Mansilla - Tomas Yáñez - Fernanda Mendo - Bárbara Vargas School: - San Francisco de Asis Grade: - 6 th City: - Castro Province: - Chiloe Region: - X De los lagos Date: - September 30 th
Chiloé is the second largest island of South America with only five islands without living out of forty. Its climate is rainy and sometimes mild. It has an abundant flora and fauna. The natural landscape is preserved almost entirely without human intervention, such as the one preserved in the Chiloé National Park, which combines a rich cultural scene and legendary customs. The architecture becomes relevant for its “stilts” (one of a set of long pieces of wood used to support a building so that it is above the ground or above water). Churches and chapels were recognized as a World Heritage by UNESCO. Chiloé also offers visitors opportunities to practice agro-tourism and taste marine exquisite cuisine. So, this is a great and beautiful island. This work will show you: 2.- The mythology 3.- The cuisine 4.- The folklore 5.- Places to visit 6.- Customs 7.- Chiloe crafts ans gadgets Introduction
The mythology of Chiloé was formed from the mixture of ancient religions of the indigenous people who inhabited this area. This mythology grew and prospered, since it remained very isolated from other beliefs and myths that existed in Chile. The following are the most well-known myths.
Both are powerful beings with form of serpents. Cai Cai –Vilu is the sea serpent and Tenten-Vilu is the land serpent. Caic ai got angry and ordered the waters to flood valleys and hills because human beings were not satisfied with all the things given by the sea. When Ten Ten saw people and animals that were desperate, it decided to help human beings carrying them on its back to the hills. Those who were trapped by flood waters, were transformed into birds to fly and escape as well as fish and marine mammals.
The Caleuche is an ancient ghost ship with bright lights from which comes joyful music. According to different versions, its crew is formed by the warlock of Chiloé, his servants, the people who have died at the sea and by the slave people of the Caleuche.
This creature would have a very similar appearance to a large bovine leather. On the edge of its body has a kind of claws. It is supposed that two tentacles appear over its head which would end in a couple of exorbitant, reddish eyes. Frequently at the evening it can silently approach to its preys, after it catches one it takes them into the deep of the sea. People can be on the shore, drinking or bathing.
The Pincoya is a female being who dances a strange and beautiful song. Fishermen tell that when the Pincoya dances looking at the sea, it means that there will be abundant fish and shellfish; on the other hand if she looks towards the land there will be shortage.
It is the most powerful being in the seas after the Caicai, who chose the Millalobo to represent him to govern everything there is in the sea. He lives on the seabed together with his wife the Huenchula and their two daughters and son: the Pincoya, the chilota mermaid and the Pincoy.
The Trauco is short, measuring no more than 90 cm and he has an unpleasant appearance. His main characteristic is to look for solitary maidens; those who attract with his power, especially if they are virgins. It was used as a excuse to cover pregnancy of young unmarried women.
It is about a woman who loses her children and converted into a banshee, is looking for them in vain; meanwhile her crying alters those who hear her. It is said that she cries because her little son was removed from her arms at an early age. It is a ghostly presence dressed in white, which can only be seen by people who are close to death and some people with special abilities.
It is a deformed human being who has his head bent backwards. His ears, mouth, nose, arms, fingers and toes are crooked. In addition he walks on one leg or three feet (one leg and hands), since the other leg is stuck behind the neck. The Invunche does not speak but gives guttural, harsh and unpleasant sounds. He´s in charge of protecting the entrance of the witches or calcus cave. He also would be the consultant of the Chiloé warlocks.
It has the appearance of a very beautiful male cattle. Its main feature is a golden horn. It is said that the scrape of the horn of the Camahueto has healing and rejuvenating powers considering it as a magic remedy against the impotence, rheumatism, anemia, skin infections and many others
It’s a creature that looks like a mixture between a bird and a reptile; it has a rooster head with a crest, wings of hen and a long neck like a body of a serpent. During the day it would live under a henhouse and at night it would leave it while all people sleep. At that moment it sings a hypnotic chant similar to a rooster crow, this would make people keep asleep. After singing, it goes into the bedrooms to feed itself absorbing people’s breath and sucking their saliva. The affected person would lose the desire of eating, for that reasons he starts getting thinner, his face is pale, then he would have a strong cough for a while and finally he would die.
She is a nasty woman of diminutive stature (40 o 50 cm). She has a long, dark hair, a big nose and huge hands with deformed fingers that turn in any direction. It is said that wanders into the woods and hides among the brushes in search of the fruit of the prickly chauras
Chapalele: potato side dish: mashed potatoes mixed with wheat flour. Boiled or cooked in the curanto. It can be eaten with honey at tea time. chapalele
They have a pleasant taste and texture. Mix eggs, flour, baking powder and the own secrets of the Chonchinos.
The caldillo Chilote is prepared with wáter, fish, fresh or dried seafood, chili, onions and traditional local ingredients. It can be accompanied with boiled potatoes (mayo de papas). Caldillo Chilote
It is very similar to the curanto al hoyo. The big difference is that it is cooked in a large pot on a wood-burning stove that is very common in the Chiloé Island.
Chiloé traditional food. It is a potato side dish: raw grated potatoes mixed with lard and flour. Before mixing, the potatoes have to be completely drained of juice. Make a ball, put inside some pork scratching, crush into a patty and fry.
The preparation is the same dough used for milcao. It is cooked stuck on a long, thick wooden pole like a barbecue.
It´s prepared with apples, add some wáter, sugar and cinnamon. It has to be boiled stirring all the time.
It was the boiled milcao made of potato starch. It was often prepared for the medanes. All these meals were preferred by the local people because these gave them good health and strength enough to face their works.
Balls made of dehydrated mashed potatoes. Ancient inhabitants dried them in the smoke. In summer, once cleaned the product it was mixed with wheat. Then taken to the mill where it was turned into flour. Housewives prepared chapaleles with it.
Apple pasty: Mix the flour with butter, salt and milk, then knead the dough, add some chopped apples, sugar and cinnamon.
Seafood bake: a hole is made in the ground, a fire is made in it until there are red hot coals, hot rocks are placed inside and covered first with seafood, then covered with a layer of leaves, pork plus another layer of leaves, meat and potatoes (chapalele and milcao) and covered again with leaves. This simmers covered with nalca leaves and piece of canvas until cooked.
The chilote waltz is a land dance which is currently present. People don´t know in the cities, but it can be seen in a folk ballet. The waltz is a dance where the man and the woman are always together, as it is in the traditional waltz, but the pace is more pronounced
It is one of the oldest dances of Chiloé and it is still danced on the big island. Its fast pace of the guitar is often accompanied by a bass drum and a tambourine. Sirilla
In Chiloé there are lots of songs especially about mythology and customs like “mingas”, etc. The most common songs are: -Sirilla: “Sirilla me pides” -Cueca: “Las cuatro cuerdas” -Rin: “Caballito avante’’ Songs
The melodies of this island are called “Pasacalles” and they represent each community of Chiloé. Melodies
Places to visit
Located 45 kilometers from Ancud is a beautiful touristic place to visit. There is a natural landscape that gives us the chance to appreciate 2 kinds of penguins: Humboldt and Magellan. Pingüineras de puñigüil
A Mirador del cerro Huaihuén: Located three kilometers from the main square of Ancud Ancud
This lighthouse is located in the Guapilacuy area, 28 kilometers to the northwest of the city of Ancud Faro corona
Feria Artesanal de la Calle Lillo: It is a chilota handicraft fair located next to the sea on the Lillo street. Castro
Festival costumbrista (Costumbrista festival)
Located 66 kilometers southwest from Castro. It has an abundant flora and fauna of this zone. Parque nacional Chiloe (Chiloe national park)
Mirador Gruta de Lourdes (Mirador Lourdes Grotto): It is located 1 kilometer from the main square of Puqueldón. Puqueldon
It is a set of lagoons located 8 kilometers from Puqueldón on Puchilco way. They are the main water supply of the community, so nobody are allowed there Puchilco lagoons
This beach is surrounded by the town of the same name. It is located 10 kilometers from the main square of Puqueldón Playa de Aldachildo (Aldachildo beach)
San juan : It is a small villaje on the edge of a large entry of wáter. Located 27 kilometers from Dalcahue. Dalcahue
Flora and fauna
. The soil is very humid, shallow and even swamp. It is tall and its height is about 30 or 40 m tall. It is of good quality for construction and furniture. Coihue
It is found in the temperate forests in southern Chile. It is in danger of extinction. Description: dark, gray with spots on feet and reddish ears. El zorro chilote
It is like a big domestic cat. It is yellow with spots and black stripes on the body. The tail has dark rings. It is in danger of extinction. Monito del monte
It is a vegetarian mammal of small size. His head is short and it has long, light brown hair. The pudu lives in forests and feeds on a wide variety of plants. This animal gives birth to one calf. They frighten easily and they can also die of a heart attack. It is the deer of the smallest size in the world. It is in danger of extinction. pudú
Chiloé crafts and gadgets.
It is used to grind wheat into flour. The mill was placed on a clear area with a river and the necessary topographic accidents for the normal system operation. El molino
It was a job that was done in Autumn when the apples were ready to be turned into alcoholic drink..Once harvested the apples, the owner of the house with his wife fix the date to realize the maja. As this was a job of great effort, they asked for help from their neighbours, friends and relatives. They had to hit the bags with apples with a stick to get the juice. La maja a vara
It is a wooden drawer used to measure grain, potatoes, carrots, seafood, etc. It is a measure of volume with a capacity between 6 and 8 kilos. Its origin is Spanish. El almud
Device of Wood without wheels, drawn by oxen used to transport potatoes, wood, marine algae usually dragged on the mud, sand, beach stones, etc. Birloche, biloche o trineo
It is used to avoid oxen do not make uneven weight or force. It’s made of wood and tied to the head of the oxen. El yugo
This is a typical craft of Quellón made of ciruelillo wood. It is the anchor used by the ancient inhabitants. El sacho
These vessels are used to feed the pigs. They are made of wood. El ornajo
It is used to make Apple alcoholic drinks. This machine grinds the apples to get the juice and after a period of time it turns into an alcoholic drink. The chilotes like it so much. La prensa
It is an important job since many people get their incomes from it. The raw material is found in the abundant vegetation of Chiloé. Los tallados de madera (the carvings)
It is a device made of wood. It is an important job for women since they can weave different articles of clothing, blankets, rugs and things for decoration. El telar
It is a vehicle with either two or four wheels which is pulled by oxes, and which used for carrying people or goods. It is very helpful for the country inhabitants of Chiloé. La carreta (the cart)
Coihue: Zorro chilote: Monito del monte: Pudù: Chapalele: Roscas Chonchinas: mid=104 Caldillo Chilote: mid=104 Pulmay o Curanto en Olla: mid=104 Milcaos: Chochoca:http://www.profesorenlinea.cl/ChileFolclor/ChiloeComida.htm La Mazamorra:http://www.profesorenlinea.cl/ChileFolclor/ChiloeComida.htm El Baeme:http://www.profesorenlinea.cl/ChileFolclor/ChiloeComida.htm El Deche:http://www.profesorenlinea.cl/ChileFolclor/ChiloeComida.htm Source