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CHRISTIE BEDENE SPRING 2011 WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES BIOLOGY Nipah Virus (Henipavirus nipahvirus)

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Presentation on theme: "CHRISTIE BEDENE SPRING 2011 WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES BIOLOGY Nipah Virus (Henipavirus nipahvirus)"— Presentation transcript:

1 CHRISTIE BEDENE SPRING 2011 WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES BIOLOGY Nipah Virus (Henipavirus nipahvirus)

2 The Facts About Nipah Virus Zoonotic virus Listing by the CDC First outbreak in 1998 Recent outbreaks Has neurological and respiratory impacts Incubation period Has a high rate of morbidity and mortality Listed as a biological weapon

3 Table of Outbreaks YearCountryDistrictCasesDeaths MalaysiaCountry wide Singapore IndiaWest Bangal BangladeshMeherpur BangladeshNaogaon BangladeshRajbari BangladeshFaridpur BangladeshTangail BangladeshThakurgaon BangladeshKushtia IndiaNadia, West Bangal BangladeshManikgonj BangladeshRajbari83 Total475251

4 How it is Spread Natural Vector-Fruit Bats Most common source is the domesticated pig and human to human contact Transmission Respiratory droplets Saliva Contact with infected tissue Other bodily secretions First outbreak in 1998 was by contact with pigs

5 Initial Acute Fever Headaches Muscle pains Vomiting Sore Throat Followed by Dizziness Drowsiness Altered consciousness Encephalitis Pneumonia Other respiratory problems Seizures Coma Death Symptoms in Humans

6 Prevention Treatment Culling Routine cleaning of pig farms No vaccine No drugs Treatment of symptoms 70% of all human cases it ends in death Prevention and Treatment

7 Locations of Outbreaks of Nipah Virus Area’s in blue is where there has been documented cases and the threat of infection of Nipah Virus

8 References "Hendra Virus Disease and Nipah Virus Encephalitis | CDC Special Pathogens Branch." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 12 Feb "WHO | Nipah Virus." Nipah Virus Fact Sheet #262. World Health Organization, July Web. 12 Feb


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