Presentation on theme: "Spanish 2. The subjunctive isn’t considered a tense as a tense refers when an action takes place (past, present or future). The subjunctive is used."— Presentation transcript:
The subjunctive isn’t considered a tense as a tense refers when an action takes place (past, present or future). The subjunctive is used to reflect how the speaker feels about the action. The subjunctive is rarely used in English, which is why it is a difficult mood to understand.
Examples in English of the subjunctive: The doctor recommends that he takes the pills with food. Subjunctive conjugation: he takes The law requires that you be 18 years old to vote. Subjunctive conjugation: you be If I were a rich man, I wouldn't have to work hard. Subjunctive conjugation: I were
SUBJUNCTIVE MOODINDICATIVE MOOD Used to express uncertainty, doubt and subjectivity. Dudo que usted vaya al Perú en diciembre. I doubt that you are going to Peru in December. The example states doubt so the subjunctive is used. Used to express factual information, certainty and objectivity. Usted va al Perú en diciembre. You are going to Peru in December. The example states a fact so the indicative is used.
The conjugation for regular verbs are as followed: -ar verbs use the –er/-ir verb endings: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -en -er/-ir verbs use the –ar verb endings: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -an For regular verbs, conjugate the verb in the yo form then add the opposite endings.
Hablar- to talk Present, yo form: hablo hable hables hable hablemos hablen Escribir- to write Present, yo form: escribo escriba escribas escriba escribamos escriban
Verbs that are irregular in the present tense remain the same in the subjunctive. Example: Conocer- to know present, yo form: conozco conozca conozcas conozca conozcamos conozcan
Tener- to have Present, yo form: tengo tenga tengas tenga tengamos tengan Salir- to leave Present, yo form: salgo salga salgas salga salgamos salgan
Verbs that end in –zar, the z changes to c when it comes before the letter e. Empezar- to begin (e-ie) empiece empieces empiece empecemos empiecen
Verbs that end in –gar, the g changes to gu when it comes before the letter e. Pagar- to pay pague pagues pague paguemos paguen
Verbs that end in –car, the c changes to qu when it comes before the letter e. Buscar- to look for busque busques busque busquemos busquen
Dar- to give dé des dé demos den Estar- to be esté estés esté estemos estén Haber-to have (aux) haya hayas haya hayamos hayan
Ir- to go vaya vayas vaya vayamos vayan Saber- to know sepa sepas sepa sepamos sepan Ser- to be sea seas sea seamos sean
Complete the sentence with the correct conjugation of the verb. Yo _________ (empezar) Carmen _________ (buscar) Las niñas _________ (huir) Ellos _________ (pagar) Jorge __________ (saber) Las mujeres __________ (estar) Tú __________ (ser) Nosotros __________ (dar) Uds. ___________ (ir)