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SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT BASED ON RBC TECHNIQUE BY :AVINASH KUMAR JHA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com.

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Presentation on theme: "SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT BASED ON RBC TECHNIQUE BY :AVINASH KUMAR JHA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT BASED ON RBC TECHNIQUE BY :AVINASH KUMAR JHA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

2 INTRODUCTION THE ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR (RBC) IS A FIXED FILM BIOLOGICAL SECONDARY TREATMENT DEVICE. IN OPERATION, A MEDIA, CONSISTING OF A SERIES OF CIRCULAR DISKS MOUNTED SIDE BY SIDE ON A COMMON SHAFT IS ROTATED THROUGH THE WASTEWATER FLOW. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

3 STRUCTURE OF RBC Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

4 WORKING OF RBC THE SHAFT CONTINUALLY ROTATES AT 2 TO 8 RPM, AND A LAYER OF BIOLOGICAL GROWTH 2 TO 4 MM THICK IS SOON ESTABLISHED ON THE WETTED SURFACE OF EACH DISK. THE DISK CONTINUES TO ROTATE, LEAVING THE WASTEWATER AND MOVING THROUGH THE AIR. DURING THIS TIME, OXYGEN IS TRANSFERRED FROM THE AIR TO THE SLIME. AS THE SLIME REENTERS THE WASTEWATER, EXCESS SOLIDS AND WASTE PRODUCTS ARE STRIPPED OFF THE MEDIA AS SLOUGHINGS. THESE SLOUGHINGS ARE TRANSPORTED WITH THE WASTEWATER FLOW TO A SETTLING TANK FOR REMOVAL. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

5 Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

6 INFERENCE DURING OPERATION DURING OPERATION, OBSERVATIONS OF THE RBC MOVEMENT, SLIME COLOR, AND APPEARANCE ARE HELPFUL IN DETERMINING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE; THAT IS, THEY CAN INDICATE PROCESS CONDITIONS. IF THE UNIT IS COVERED, OBSERVATIONS ARE USUALLY LIMITED TO THAT PORTION OF THE MEDIA THAT CAN BE VIEWED THROUGH THE ACCESS DOOR. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

7 OBSERVATIONS DURING OPERATION THE FOLLOWING MAY BE OBSERVED GRAY, SHAGGY SLIME GROWTH - INDICATES NORMAL OPERATION REDDISH BROWN, GOLDEN SHAGGY GROWTH - NITRIFICATION WHITE CHALKY APPEARANCE - HIGH SULFUR CONCENTRATIONS NO SLIME - SEVERE TEMPERATURE OR PH CHANGES REF: TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER BY USING ROTATING BIOLOGICALCONTRACTORS (RBC’S) PRASHANT A.KADU, AMRUTA A.BADGE, DR.Y.R.M.RAO ( AJER ) Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

8 ORGANIC AND NITROGEN REMOVAL IN RBC FIRST DAY COD LEVEL REMAINS LOW IN THE EFFLUENT BUT AFTER A PERIOD OF DAYS EFFLUENT QUALITY START DETERIORATING AS A RESULT OF WASHOUT OF DETACHED BIOMASS. SOME BACTERIA LIKE PSEUDOMONAS REMOVED FROM FIXED FILM SYSTEM AS THEY DO NOT STICK ON THE FILM. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

9 Performance of RBC in COD and NH4-N removal IN AEROBIC UNIT COD REMOVAL AFFECTED BY THE HYDRAULIC LOADING.IT FIRSTLY DECREASE UPTO A CERTAIN LEVEL AS SHOWN : intense separation of the attached biomass occurred contributing to high e ffl uent COD values, and the low removal e ffi ciency was the result of biosolids escape rather than inadequacy of the unit at this high loading Nitrification efficiency firstly increase and then becomes constant Ref: Organic and nitrogen removal rotating biological contactor treating municipal wastewater Demetrios N. Hiras, Ioannis D. Manariotis, Sotirios G. Grigoropoulos Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

10 NITRIFICATION AND DE-NITRIFICATION NITRIFICATION-DE-NITRIFICATION IS ONE OF THE MOST WIDELY ACCEPTED BIOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEM OF NITROGEN REMOVAL FROM HIGH STRENGTH NITROGENOUS WASTEWATERS DUE TO ITS EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY. NITRIFICATION IS A TWO STEP SEQUENTIAL AEROBIC OXIDATIVE PATHWAY FOR THE OXIDATION OF AMMONIA TO NITRATE, RESULTING IN RELEASE OF ENERGY. THE REACTION IS CARRIED OUT BY AUTOTROPHIC BACTERIA BELONGING TO THE GENERA NITROSOMONAS (OXIDIZING AMMONIA TO NITRITE) AND NITROBACTER (OXIDISING NITRITE TO NITRATE). Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

11 NITRIFICATION AND DE-NITRIFICATION DE-NITRIFICATION IS AN ANOXIC\ANAEROBIC REDUCTIVE PATHWAY FOR THE CONVERSION OF NITRATE TO NITROGEN GAS. THIS REACTION IS CARRIED OUT BY BACTERIA BELONGING TO GENERA BACILLUS, PSEUDOMONAS, ACHROMOBACTER, MICROCOCCUS, ETC HOWEVER SIMULTANEOUS NITRIFICATION- AEROBIC DE-NITRIFICATION SYSTEM IN A SINGLE STAGE USING A MIXED BIOFILM CULTURE OF THIOSPHAERA PANTOTROPHA CAN ALSO BE USED. THUS ELIMINATING THE REQUIREMENT OF A SEPARATE ANOXIC REACTOR FOR DE-NITRIFICATION. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

12 EFFICIENCY OF NITRIFICATION AND DE-NITRIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF HRT : REMOVAL EFFICIENCY INCREASE WITH INCREASE OF HRT ON THE BASIS OF SURFACE LOADING : REMOVAL EFFICIENCY DECREASE WITH INCREASE SURFACE LOADING THE PH WAS MAINTAINED BETWEEN WHICH IS IN OPTIMUM FOR BOTH NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

13 Ref: journal on Simultaneous nitrification ‐ de-nitrification in a rotating biological contactor by Mr. S.K. Gupta, S.M. Raja & A.B. Gupta Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

14 DECOLOURIZATION IN RBC COLOURED INDUSTRIAL EFflUENTS CAN BE EFFECTIVELY TREATED BY IMMOBILIZED PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM IN A CONTINUOUSLY OPERATED RBC REACTOR FOLLOWING ITS DILUTION WITH MEDIA CONTAINING NUTRIENTS AND SUGAR, PREFERABLY GLUCOSE. COD REMOVAL EFfiCIENCIES IN THE VARIOUS STAGES OF OPERATION IN THE REACTOR WERE ALSO FOUND TO MATCH WELL WITH THE DECOLOURIZATION OF THE WASTEWATER REF: CONTINUOUS TREATMENT OF COLOURED INDUSTRY WASTEWATER IN A ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR REACTOR KANNAN PAKSHIRAJAN,SUMEET KHERIA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

15 APPLICABILITY RBC CAN ACHIEVE A HIGH REMOVAL OF BIODEGRADABLE ORGANIC WASTE FROM DOMESTIC BLACK OR GREY WATER AS WELL AS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER AS FROM DYE INDUSTRY IT HAS BEEN OBSERVED THAT THE ORGANIC REMOVAL IS DECREASED SIGNIFICANTLY IF ORGANIC LOADING IN MORE THAN 5 AND FULL NITRIFICATION CAN BE ACHIEVED WHEN THE HYDRAULIC LOADING IS LESS THAN 5gmbod/m2.day. SO TO GET MAXIMUM APPLICATION THE LOADING SHOULD BE IN SOME LIMITS. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

16 ADVANTAGES OF RBC UNIT SHORT CONTACT PERIOD ARE REQUIRED DUE TO LARGE ACTIVE SURFACE AREA. CAPABLE OF HANDLING OF WIDE RANGE OF FLOWS. SLUDGE HAS GOOD SETTLING CHARACTERISTICS. LOW POWER REQUIRED. SIMPLE IN OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

17 DISADVANTAGES REQUIREMENT FOR COVERING RBC UNIT TO PREVENT ALGEA GROWTH AND FREEZING IN NORTHERN PART OF INDIA. SHAFT BEARING AND MECHANICAL DRIVE UNITS REQUIRE FREQUENT MAINTENANCE. CONTINUOUS SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY REQUIRED. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

18 REFERENCES TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER USING ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR BY PRASHANT A KADU, AMRUTA A BADGE ORGANIC AND NITROGEN REMOVAL IN A TWO-STAGE ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR TREATING MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER BY : DEMETRIOS N. HIRAS, IOANNIS D. MANARIOTIS, SOTIRIOS G. GRIGOROPOULOS SIMULTANEOUS NITRIFICATION ‐ DENITRIFICATION IN A ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR BY : S.K. GUPTA, S.M. RAJA & A.B. GUPTA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

19 REFERENCES A PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A FULL SCALE ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR (RBC) SYSTEM BY : M.Y. NOROUZIAN & S. GONZALEZ-MARTINEZ EFFECT OF OPERATING PARAMETERS ON DENITRIFICATION IN ANANOXIC ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR BY : SUSANA CORTEZ PILAR TEIXEIRA ROSÁRIO OLIVEIRA & MANUEL MOTA CONTINUOUS TREATMENT OF COLOURED INDUSTRY WASTEWATER USING IMMOBILIZED PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM IN A ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR REACTOR BY: KANNAN PAKSHIRAJAN, SUMEET KHERIA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

20 THANK YOU


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