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Vibrant Gujarat 2013: Business- Environment Sector.

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1 Vibrant Gujarat 2013: Business- Environment Sector

2 Contents Environmental Laws in IndiaIndustrial development in GujaratUrban development in Gujarat Gujarat Waste management sector Urban waste management sector in Gujarat Liquid waste management Solid municipal waste management Common effluent treatment plants Hazardous Waste Management Bio medical waste management E waste collection Air Pollution Management Environmental objectives in GujaratEnvironmental Focus Sectors

3 Environmental Laws in India

4 Constitutional Framework in India One of the rare constitutions of the world which contains specific provisions relating to Environmental protection Fundamental Rights No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law Article 21 Directive Principles of State Policy State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country Article 48 (A) Fundamental Duties to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures Article 51 A (g)

5 5 National Environment Policy, 2006 Need for balance and harmony between economic, social and environmental needs of the country Intended to mainstream environmental concerns in all development Activities, A statement of India's commitment to making a positive contribution to international efforts, The right to development and equity along with environmental standard setting and a precautionary approach To stimulate partnerships of different stakeholders, i.e. public agencies, local communities, academic and scientific institutions, the investment community, and international development partners, in harnessing their respective resources and strengths for environmental management Policy Statement on Abatement of Pollution, 1992 National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992

6  Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974  Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977  Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981  Atomic Energy Act of 1982  Motor Vehicles Act,1988  The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972  The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980  Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (EPA)  The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997  Public Liability Insurance Act (PLIA), 1991  National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 Environmental Laws in India: Acts 6

7 Environmental Laws in India: Rules & Notifications  The Hazardous Waste (Management And Handling) Rules, 1989  The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules,1989  The Environmental Public Hearing Rules, 1997  The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules,1998  Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999  The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules,2000  The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules,2000  The Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules,2000  The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001  Right to Information Rules, 2005  Environmental Impact Assessment Notification-2006  Utilization of Fly Ash – Notification of Directions, 1999  The Environmental Audit Scheme, 1996  The Coastal Zone Regulation

8 Environmental objectives in Gujarat

9 9 Improvement in quality of environment by effective implementation of laws Control of pollution at source to the maximum extent possible – pollution prevention, clean technologies / green chemistry Identifications of sites and development of procedures and methods for the treatment and safe disposal of hazardous wastes Maximization of re-use and re-cycle of sewage and trade effluent on land for irrigation and for industrial purpose after giving appropriate treatment and thereby economizing and saving on the use of water Minimization of adverse effect of pollution by selecting suitable locations for the establishment of new industrial projects and adopting efficient and effective control technologies Encourage the setting up of Common Environmental Infrastructure Projects e.g. Common Effluent Treatment Plants and Treatment Stabilization Disposal Facilities Close co-ordination and rapport with educational institutions, non government organizations, Industries Associations, Government organizations, etc. to create environmental awareness

10 Industrial development in Gujarat

11 Destination For Foreign Visitors Strategic Location Fastest growing Economy Business Friendly Policies Robust physical, Social and Industrial Infrastructure Quality Manpower Abundant Natural Resources High Quality of Life, low cost of Living 1200 Large Industries & over 3,20,000 Micro, Small & Medium Industries Gujarat Industrialisation 11

12 State Wise Distribution of Common TSDFs & Waste incinerators StateWith SLF SLF+ Inciner ator StateWit h SLF SLF+ Inciner ator A.P.22Orissa1 - Daman,D iu & NH 1 -Punjab1 - Gujarat84Rajasthan1 - H.P.1-T.N.11 Karnatak a 1-U.P.31 Kerala1-Uttarakha nd 1- M.P.11West Bengal 11 Maharas htra 43TOTAL2813 Gujarat : Environmental Infrastructure Captive HWIF:78 Common HWIF: 05Common MEE-04Captive MEE-95 Common BMWF: 13Captive TSDF:13Decontamination Facility :03 Common ETP: 28Common TSDF: 08 Treated Effluent Conveyance Pipeline: 07 Common Effluent Treatment Plants in India State No. of CETPs Capacity (in MLD) Andhra Pradesh313 Delhi15133 Gujarat28500 Himachal Pradesh41 Haryana11 Karnataka9- Madhya Pradesh31 Maharashtra23173 Punjab458 Rajasthan271 Tamil Nadu3644 Uttar Pradesh270 Total1301,065

13 Urban development in India

14 5902709168 1,2009002,5007,400 Million urban population Million more working population Million middle class urban households Cities with million plus population Billion US Dollar investment required Million Sq.m annual additional built up space Million Sq.m additional paved roads KM of Metros and Subways *Sources: India’s Urban Awakening, MGI; Oxford Economics Projections  Cities would generate 70% of the net new jobs by 2030  Cities would generate 70% of the GDP  Cities would drive four-fold increase in the per capita income  Urban Economy would provide 85% of tax income Urban India in 2030 5 times the current GDP 14

15 *Sources: Report on Urban Infrastructure, National Institute of Urban Affairs ; India’s Urban Awakening, MGI; Oxford Economics Projections Solid Waste Generation per day115,000 tons Per Capita generation 0.2-0.6 kg Increase in per capita generation 1.3% Waste in million plus cities 1200-5500 TDP Waste treated before disposal 30%  Waste collection less than 50% in smaller cities  Less than 30% of solid waste segregated  Collection of garbage from dumpsites infrequent  Lack of scientific disposal of waste  Proportion of organic waste to total is much higher as compared to other countries State of urban services: Wide demand supply gap 15 Sewerage & Sanitation Households without toilets 70% Households using septic tank 35% Households with sewerage 22% Sewerage coverage48%-70% Sewerage generation in 300 cities in MLD 15,800 Treatment capacity in MLD3,750  4861 out of 5161 cities/towns without even a partial sewerage network  18% of urban households defecate in the open  Less than 20% of the road network covered by storm water drains  Only 21% of waste water generated is treated

16 Urban development in Gujarat

17 Gujarat accounts for 6% of total geographical area of the country and 5% of the its population One of the fastest urbanizing states in India Ahmedabad 3rd Fastest growing city of the world 2 times per capita income of the country Looking into the Future: 2030 Gujarat to be the 2 nd most urbanized State of the country 3 of the largest cities of the country will belong to Gujarat *Sources: Forbes- Fastest Growing cities of the World, Census 2011 India’s Urban Awakening-MGI Gujarat Urbanization Trends 17

18 Urban local bodies in Gujarat 18 Urban local body categoryNumber % of total Gujarat urban population Municipal corporations0758 Class-A Municipal Cities (Population above 100 thousand)1813 Class-B Municipal Towns (Population 50 to 100 thousand)3311 Class-C Municipal Towns (Population 25 to 50 thousand)458 Class-D Municipal Towns (Population 15 to 25 thousand)636 As per 2011 census, the total urban population of Gujarat is approximately 26 million

19 Gujarat Waste management sector

20 Current status of drainage scheme 20 Current Status No of Municipalities No of Mission Cities No of Non - Mission Cities Collection No Network 105-1 Incomplete Coverage (17 out of 54 municipalities systems do not function properly) 5442 Pumping Do not have pumping facility 105-1 Up gradation of pumping system 5442 Treatment No treatment done 105-1 Aerobic treatment facility 54-2 STP (Sewage Treatment Plant) -4- Waste Water Management Mission cities have more than 75% coverage and functional STP of required capacities Non mission cities have less than 50% coverage and the STPs are non functional 159 municipalities have less than 10% coverage and no functional STPs PPP in STP at Ahmedabad, Surat and Rajkot are at experimentation stage

21 Current status of sewage in municipal corporations of major cities 21 Parameters Mission citiesNon mission cities Ahmedab ad SuratVadodaraRajkotBhavnagarJamnagarJunagadh Waste generated720 MLD544 MLD306 MLD149 MLD50 MLD48 MLD20 MLD Waste water collected690 MLD508 MLD295 MLD80 MLD 40 MLD16 MLDNil Waste water treated662 MLD508 MLD258 MLD80 MLDNil % of wastewater treated 92 % (due to lesser network)93% 84% (due to lesser network) 54 % (due to lesser network)0 % % of population covered70%85%80%65%70%25-30%0% % of area covered72%60%70%56%80%25-30%0%

22 Current status and challenges of waste water 22 Coverage Operation & Maintenance Treatment Coverage is very less. Only 54 towns are covered with sewerage network Towns having sewerage network do not cover the entire town No new sewerage project has been taken up in the last 20 years As many as 20 projects have been abandoned half way Effluent from sewage treatment plants to natural drains are not as per the standards that have been set up by Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) At present, the total capacity of sewage treatment plants is less than the sewage generated and to be treated. Poor maintenance of existing collection system, pumping station and Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) The urban local bodies do not have the technical expertise for Operations and maintenance of the system

23 Our Investors C O M P L E T E D P R O J E C T S O N G O I N G & P R O P O S E D Achievements & opportunities Liquid Waste Large investment opportunities for infrastructure development for treatment of sewage - Proposed investment size to the tune of Rs. 800 Crore in Liquid Waste Management in municipalities Expression of interest for 125 towns to be floated to promote private players in infrastructure development for treatment of sewage Sewage Treatment Plant at Surat Selected estimated Investment Opportunities in major cities OpportunityLocation Several new STPs & sewerage networks planned with investment of Rs 267 Cr Vadodar a Combined Opportunity in 4 STPs for 200 MLD with investment of Rs. 180 Cr Surat Tertiary treatment plants – 60 MLD with investment 100 Cr Surat STP at Gauridad of 70 MLD, Raiya of 56 MLD Rajkot Extension of Madhar STP– 45 MLD under BOOT basis Rajkot Few Other Completed Projects Construction of 66 MLD capacity Sewage Treatment Plant at Dindoli, Surat Construction of 56 MLD capacity sewage pumping station at Magob & 9 MLD STP at Sarthana Surat Activated Sludge Process based STPs at Madhapure and Rajya of 45 MLD and 51 MLD respectively Rajkot STPs with total capacity of 95 MLD- Sayaji, Kapurai & Ataladara Vadodara 23

24 Municipal solid waste management in Gujarat 24 Current StatusMunicipalities Door to Door collection % of area covered 70% % of properties covered 79% Transportation No. of equipments 159 ULBs, 53,386 PE BUCKET, 3,097 Hand carts, 3,698 tricycles, 2,906 containers, 222 lifters, 92 loaders Manpower 12,000 O & M and Replacement Cost None for new infrastructure over the next 3 years. However legacy costs exist. Vermi Compost No of Municipalities 75 VCP completed, 70 operationalised, 20 in progress Total Capacity 737 TPD completed, 565 operationlised, 512 in progress Landfill Sites No of Landfill sites 2 SLF (for 10 ULBs) in progress, 5 SLFs (for 27 ULBs) implementation started Total Capacity 107.30 TPD in progress, 341.50 TPD tender approved

25 Challenges in Municipal solid waste management 25 Growing magnitude and concern Estimated waste generation of 7,000 tonnes per day (TPD) by 2025 Challenges at Urban Local body level Usage of divergent practices of waste collection, treatment & disposal on dumping sites Glaring skill gap in handling municipal solid waste and financial inadequacies Other issues Multiple technical expertise required Differing sizes and inter – urban local bodies distances Nature and scale of waste generation Sustainability of O&M Unexplored sector for private players

26 Our Investors C O M P L E T E D P R O J E C T S O N G O I N G & P R O P O S E D Achievements & opportunities Solid Waste Some Completed Projects Door/Gate to dump disposal of waste across 5 zones of the city Ahmedabad 3 Processing plants under PPP modeAhmedabad Development of Phase 1 of Secured Engineered Landfill at Jambhua Vadodara DCOM of Integrated Processing facility for Mixed Municipal Solid Waste Vadodara Treatment of 400 TPD Solid wasteSurat Collection, Treatment and disposal of bio medical waste on BOOT basis covering 2000 hospitals and clinics Surat Provision of Equipments OpportunityLocation Collection, Transportation, Storage & Treatment of Plastic Waste & E-Waste Ahmedabad GPS, Contactless Smart Card based vehicle monitoring for SWM services Ahmedabad Combined investment size Rs 50 Cr for 400 TPD plant Surat Opportunities for development of processing units, landfill sites for inorganic and inert waste material and vermi composting plants to the tune of Rs. 152 Crore across the state One of the leading states in the country in compliance with national Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2000 90% Door to Door collection coverage Sanitary landfill sites being constructed all over the State Provision of Equipments and Other opportunities like Operation & Maintenance present Landfill site for inert 26

27 Operational common effluent treatment plants in India and Gujarat 27 Additional 6 CETPs with a capacity of 210 MLD have been proposed to be set up in the districts of Surat, Jamnagar, Rajkot, Junagadh, Ahmedabad and Valsad state City No. of CETPs Capacity (in MLD) Ahmedabad 1130 Vadodara 28 Ankleshwar 262 Bharuch 11 Surat 5312 Valsad 170 Junagadh 15 Rajkot 411 Gandhinagar 11 Total 28500 Common effluent treatment plants in Gujarat Industries in chemicals and petrochemicals sector, which is one of the highest polluting sector is concentrated in South and Central Gujarat and hence CETPs in Gujarat are concentrated in this region Industrial Effluent

28 Common biomedical waste treatment facilities 28 13 CBWTFs are currently operational in the state They cover more than 300 centres with 25 districts and 225 taluka place and about 21,000 HCUs Some facilities have been awarded ISO 14001: 2004 accreditation Three more facilities being set up one at Kutchchh-Bhuj and one at Valsad and one at Nadiad which will commission within 6 months 120 closed body vehicles are traveling about 18,000 km. per day to collect bio medical waste in stipulated time in the entire state

29 Hazardous Waste Treatment stabilisation disposable facilities 29 Hazardous / Non Hazardous Waste Co- Processed in different Cement Plants in the State 4R concept for Hazardous Waste Management 1792787 MTA HW Generation 28.76 % of the Country 61.75% Land Fillable 6.06% Incinerable 32.19%Recyclable (As per CPCB inventory 2009)

30 E waste collection 30

31 60 % private sector 40 % public sector contributes the total power generation. Sources: Central Electricity Authority, GEDA, Office of Transport Commissioner, NFHS and Census 2001 Air Pollution Management 16509 Air Polluting Industries 15 categories industries out of 17 most polluting categories

32 Air Quality Monitoring Stations in the State Air Quality Monitoring Stations for VOC

33 Environmental Focus Sectors

34 Environmental Technologies Smart Production & Technological solution for waste treatment and recycling Green product development Innovative Instruments for Pollution Control Technology solution related to Environment Management Systems Waste Recycling industries MSW- Biomass Utilization & Energy Production Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recovery ( 4Rs) of Waste – Innovative approach for resource conservation Co-processing, waste exchange activities Waste Exchange Centers Collection and Recycling of E-waste Municipal Solid Waste Management- Treatment, Disposal : Composting, RDF MSW- Biomass Utilization and Energy Generation Environmental Focus Sectors

35 Water & Waste Water Management : Urban : Water treatment, distribution, etc : 24X7 water supply in urban areas Sewerage network establishment and Sewage Treatment Use of treated sewage for industrial and /or agriculture purpose Industrial : Industrial Water Treatment Plants Waste water collection & Conveyance network Industrial Waste Water Treatment Plants (Individual and Common) Industrial Waste water recycling/ Reuse Clean up of contaminated sites Air Pollution Management: Air Pollution Control Technologies Emission Monitoring & Compliance : Continuous Emission Monitoring Stations Environmental Focus Sectors

36 Service Sector Environmental Consultancy Developing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA of technologies, products and services Sustainable Development Up- gradation & Modification Common Infrastructures: CETP, TSDF, BMWTF, MSWF Common Infrastructures for upcoming SEZs, SIRs and Industrial estates Clean and renewable Energy Clean energy sources : Solar (PV and Thermal), Wind, Tidal, etc Improving efficiency in energy sector (At all levels : generation, distribution and utilization) Cleaner Fuel for Steam and / or Power Generation Agricultural Biomass Utilization and Energy Production Innovation & Knowledge R & D activities on Environmental Friendly Technologies, Green Technologies, green products-manufacturing / Green Chemistry Knowledge Transfer & Capacity Building, Environmental Education Training and Education (At all levels : ITI to PG) Environmental Focus Sectors

37 Thank You!

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