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Truckee River Water Quality: Current Conditions and Trends Relevant to TMDLs and WLAs Prepared for: Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility. City of.

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Presentation on theme: "Truckee River Water Quality: Current Conditions and Trends Relevant to TMDLs and WLAs Prepared for: Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility. City of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Truckee River Water Quality: Current Conditions and Trends Relevant to TMDLs and WLAs Prepared for: Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility. City of Reno and City of Sparks, Nevada Prepared by: Alan Jassby PhD, Ted Daum MS, and Charles Goldman PhD, Ecological Research Associates, Davis, CA.

2 Truckee River Info Gateway (TRIG) City of RenoCity of Reno –Mahmood Azad, Program Manager City of SparksCity of Sparks –Mike Brisbin, WQ Coordinator, TMWRF Ecological Research AssociatesEcological Research Associates –Dr. Charles Goldman –Dr. Alan Jassby –Ted Daum (currently at EDAW, Inc.) UC DavisUC Davis –David Waetjen

3 Truckee River Basin

4 Study Goals Provide a description of the conditions and trends for TMDL water quality constituents Estimate loads of these constituents at key points in the Truckee River Relative impact of TMWRF effluent compared with other sources

5 Regulatory Background Clean Water Act –The Clean Water Act of 1972 (CWA) is the primary federal law that governs and authorizes water quality control activities by the EPA as well as the states. –The law requires point-source effluent limits for industry and publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) and water quality standards for contaminants in surface waters.

6 Regulatory Background Section 303(d) Impaired Waters List –Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) –Waste Load Allocation (WLA) Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) Bureau of Water Quality Planning water quality protection functions including: –developing water quality standards for surface waters, contained in the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC)

7 Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) amount of loading that the water body can receive and still meet water quality standards can also act as a plan to reduce loading of a specific pollutant from various sources to achieve compliance with water quality objectives Waste Load Allocations (WLA) - must include an allocation of allowable loadings to point and non-point sources, with consideration of background loadings and a margin of safety.

8 Data Sources Most data used in study from Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility (TMWRF) monitoring stations, 1985 – Names, station codes, locations, and distance (km) from Lake Tahoe.

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10 Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility (TMWRF) monitoring stations used in study

11 Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility (TMWRF)

12 Steamboat Creek Upstream of TMWRF

13 USGS gage stations used in study, gage site numbers, drainage areas (km 2 ), and corresponding monitoring stations for calculation purposes

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15 Gaging Station Schematic and Associated TMWRF Monitoring Station

16 TMDL-related Truckee River water quality constituents (mg/l) at Lockwood Bridge during 1995 – 2006.

17 Distributions of Monthly Mean Concentrations at TMWRF Stations relative to the Monthly Mean at mccarran, the Most Upstream Station

18 DIN:DRP molar ratios versus DRP at TMWRF stations during summers of 1998 – 2006.

19 Seasonal distributions of total and inorganic N:P ratios at TMWRF stations during 1995 – 2006

20 Monthly Averages of Daily Constituent Loads in TMWRF Effluent

21 TMWRF Effluent Trends and Loads

22 Trends in TMWRF effluent concentrations and loads during

23 Population of Washoe County and of Reno and Sparks combined.

24 Monthly Average Nitrogen Fractions at Lockwood

25 Monthly Average P Fractions, TDS, and DOC at Lockwood

26 River Trends in Water Quality Constituents

27 Mean Daily Loads of Water Quality Constituents (kg/day) during 1998 – 2006.

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29 Median Ratio of Daily TMWRF Loads to TMWRF + mccarran + steamboat + ntd in Summers of 1998 – 2006.

30 Conclusions N Loadings Above Lockwood: Truckee River > Steamboat Creek > TMWRF > North Truckee Drain No trends in loading of any N fraction since WLAs adopted despite increase in service area population, likely due to TMWRF N treatment advances Strong N limitation for plant growth, especially downstream

31 Conclusions TN and TP loadings between wadsworth and nixon, and between lockwood and clark, exceed TMWRF effluent contributions TP and DRP loadings from TMWRF have increased since Increase similar to population increase. TP and DRP loadings have also increased upstream of TMWRF and in North Truckee Drain

32 Conclusions Map lower watershed areas for potential N and P sources, synoptic study to compare contributions TMDL and WLA revisions should take into account relevant timescales –Integrated loading for Pyramid Lake impacts –Median daily loading during summer for nutrient loading to the Truckee River

33 TRIG and ERA Truckee River Water Quality Report TRIG Potential –Loading Calculations –TMDLs and WLAs –Contaminant Status and Trends –Data Gaps –Other


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