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FEDERAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS Module 4 Pretreatment 101 Short Course 8/4/09 Addison, TX Allen Gilliam ADEQ State Pretreatment Coordinator.

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Presentation on theme: "FEDERAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS Module 4 Pretreatment 101 Short Course 8/4/09 Addison, TX Allen Gilliam ADEQ State Pretreatment Coordinator."— Presentation transcript:

1 FEDERAL CATEGORICAL PRETREATMENT STANDARDS Module 4 Pretreatment 101 Short Course 8/4/09 Addison, TX Allen Gilliam ADEQ State Pretreatment Coordinator gilliam@adeq.state.ar.us

2 Categorical Pretreatment Standards (for YOU? Just “Categorical Standards”) Technology-based Technology-based CWA ' 307(b) and (c) CWA ' 307(b) and (c) CWA ' 304(m) “Plan” CWA ' 304(m) “Plan”

3 Industry (IU) Categories Targeted 1976 EPA/NRDC agreement 1976 EPA/NRDC agreement 56 categories to date 56 categories to date 30 have Pretreatment Standards 30 have Pretreatment Standards 40 CFR Parts 405-471 40 CFR Parts 405-471 – just “google” 40 CFR 4?? to locate the category Effluent Guidelines Plan Effluent Guidelines Plan Effluent Guidelines Task Force Effluent Guidelines Task Force

4 From Proposal to Codification Proposed Regulations Proposed Development Document Public Comment Promulgation of Final Regulations Final Development Document Revisions Code of Federal Regulations

5 53 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons Industry Category 40 CFR Relevant SIC code(s) -‘87 SIC Manual Dairy products processing 405 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2026 Grain mills manufacturing 406 2041, 2043, 2044, 2045, 2046, 2047 Fruits / vegetable processing 407 2033, 2034, 2035, 2037 Canned / preserved seafood 408 2091, 2092 Sugar processing 409 2061, 2062, 2063 Textile mills 410 2211, 2221, 2231, 2241, 2251, 2252, 2253, 2254, 2257, 2258, 2259, 2261, 2262, 2269 Cement manufacturing 4113241 Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations 412 0211, 0213, 0214 Electroplating 413 3471, 3672 Organic chems, plastics, synthetic fibers 414 2821, 2823, 2824, 2865, 2869

6 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons (cont.) Inorganic chemicals 415 2812, 2813, 2816, 2819 Soaps and detergents manufacturing 4172841 Fertilizer manufacturing 418 2873, 2874, 2875 Petroleum refining 4192911 Iron and steel manufacturing 420 3312, 3315, 3316, 3317, 3479 Nonferrous metals manufacturing 421 2819, 3331, 3334, 3339, 3341 Phosphate manufacturing 422 2819, 2874 Steam electric power generation 4234911 Ferroalloy manufacturing 4243313

7 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons (cont.) Leather tanning / finishing 4253111 Glass manufacturing 426 3211, 3221, 3296 Asbestos manufacturing 427 2621, 3292 Rubber manufacturing 4282822 Timber products processing 429 2491, 2493 Pulp, paper and paperboard 430 2611, 2621, 2631 Meat products 432 2011, 2013, 2077 Metal finishing 433 groups: 34, 35, 36, 37 and 38XX Coal mining 434 1221, 1222, 1231, 1241

8 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons (cont.) Oil and gas extraction 4351311 Mineral mining and processing 436 1422, 1423, 1429, 1442, 1446, 1455, 1459, 1474, 1475, 1479, 1499 Pharmaceutical manufacturing 439 2833, 2834 Ore mining and dressing 440 1011, 1021, 1031, 1041, 1044, 1061, 1094, 1099 Transportation equipment cleaning 442 4491, 4499, 4741, 7699 Paving and roofing materials (tars and asphalt) 443 2951, 2952, 3996 Waste combustors (commercial incinerators combusting hazardous waste) 444 4953, 2819, 2869, 3241, 1422, 1429, 1459, 9999 Landfills4454953 Paint formulating 4462851

9 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons (cont.) Ink formulating 4472893 Gum and wood chemicals 4542861 Pesticide chemicals manufacturing, formulation and packaging 4552879 Explosives4572892 Carbon black manufacturing 4582895 Photographic459 7221, 7335, 7384, 7819 Hospital460 8062, 8063, 8069 Battery manufacturing 461 3691, 3692 Plastic molding and forming 463 3081, 3082, 3083, 3084, 3085, 3086, 3087

10 Categoricals & Possible SIC code Correlatons (cont.) Metal molding and casting (foundries) 464 3321, 3322, 3324, 3325, 3365, 3366, 3369 Coil coating 465 3479, 3492, 3411 Porcelain enameling 466 3431, 3631, 3632, 3633, 3639, 3469, 3479 Aluminum forming 467 3353, 3354, 3355, 3357, 3363 Copper forming 468 3351, 3357, 3463 Electrical and electronic components 469 3671, 3674, 3679 Nonferrous metals forming and metal powders 471 3356,3357, 3363, 3497

11 Other Categoricals with no SIC Correlations Found Centralized Waste Treatment – CFR 437 Metal Products and Machinery – CFR 438 Concentrated Aquatic Animal Prod. – CFR 451

12 Categorical Standards: Subparts Manufacturing processes employed Manufacturing processes employed Raw materials used Raw materials used Types of items produced Types of items produced Characteristics of typical wastes generated Characteristics of typical wastes generated

13 Categorical Standards: Existing vs. New Source New source, 40 CFR 403.3(m) New source, 40 CFR 403.3(m) –Construction date –Total replacement –Substantially independent Compliance dates Compliance dates Interpretations are “all over the board…” Interpretations are “all over the board…”

14 Categorical Standards: General Provisions Applicability Applicability Definitions Definitions Monitoring and reporting requirements Monitoring and reporting requirements Compliance dates for PSES Compliance dates for PSES Other Other

15 Categorical Standards: Elements of a Subpart Applicability Applicability Specialized definitions Specialized definitions Effluent limitations and standards, i.e., Effluent limitations and standards, i.e., –BPT, BAT, BCT, PSES, NSPS, and PSNS YOU only have to be concerned with PSES & PSNS

16 Pretreatment Standards for Existing Sources and New Sources: (PSES and PSNS) Requires EPA to determine Requires EPA to determine –Pass through –Pollutant by pollutant For removal of toxic pollutants For removal of toxic pollutants –PSES are analogous to BAT –PSNS are analogous to NSPS

17

18 Industrial Categories Without PSES or PSNS (regs are “silent”…) (11 of ‘em) CFR 422 Phosphate Mfg CFR 422 Phosphate Mfg CFR 432 Meat & Poultry Products CFR 432 Meat & Poultry Products CFR 434 Coal Mining CFR 434 Coal Mining CFR 436 Mineral Mining & Processing CFR 436 Mineral Mining & Processing CFR 438 Metal Products & Machinery CFR 438 Metal Products & Machinery CFR 440 Ore Mining and Dressing CFR 440 Ore Mining and Dressing

19 Industrial Categories Without PSES or PSNS (regs are “silent”…) CFR 445 Landfills CFR 445 Landfills CFR 454 Gum & Wood Chemical Mfg CFR 454 Gum & Wood Chemical Mfg CFR 457 Explosives Mfg CFR 457 Explosives Mfg CFR 459 Photographic Processing CFR 459 Photographic Processing CFR 460 Hospitals CFR 460 Hospitals

20 Industrial Categories Without Specific PSES and/or PSNS 11 categories too 11 categories too For example: For example: –“Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process wastewater pollutants in a POTW must comply with 40 CFR Part 403.”

21 CATEGORIES THAT “MUST COMPLY WITH 40 CFR 403” CFR 405 Dairy Products CFR 405 Dairy Products CFR 406 Grain Mills (but, has a BOD 5 / TSS formula) CFR 406 Grain Mills (but, has a BOD 5 / TSS formula) CFR 407 Canned & Preserved Fruits CFR 407 Canned & Preserved Fruits CFR 408 Canned & Preserved Seafood CFR 408 Canned & Preserved Seafood CFR 409 Sugar Processing CFR 409 Sugar Processing

22 CATEGORIES THAT SIMPLY “MUST COMPLY WITH 40 CFR 403” CFR 410 Textile Mills CFR 410 Textile Mills CFR 411 Cement Mfg CFR 411 Cement Mfg CFR 424 Ferroalloy Mfg CFR 424 Ferroalloy Mfg CFR 426 Glass Mfg CFR 426 Glass Mfg CFR 427 Asbestos Mfg CFR 427 Asbestos Mfg CFR 463 Plastics Molding & Forming CFR 463 Plastics Molding & Forming

23 CATEGORIES WITH “NO DISCHARGE OF PROCESS WASTEWATER” (just 4 of ‘em) CFR 435 Oil & Gas Extraction CFR 435 Oil & Gas Extraction CFR 446 Paint Formulating CFR 446 Paint Formulating CFR 447 Ink Formulating CFR 447 Ink Formulating CFR 451 Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production CFR 451 Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production

24 CATEGORIES WITH SOME SORT OF PRETREATMENT STANDARD (30 OF ‘EM) “ Standards” could be: “ Standards” could be: –Concentration based (“easy” to apply) –Mass based (a little more difficult to apply but, not rocket surgery) –Production based (closer to brain science than mass based. YOU have to know A LOT MORE about this type IU’s processes including flows and production)

25 CATEGORIES WITH PSES and/or PSNS CFR 412 Confined Animal Feeding (regs “silent” except for duck feeding ops?) CFR 412 Confined Animal Feeding (regs “silent” except for duck feeding ops?) CFR 413 Electroplating CFR 413 Electroplating CFR 414 Organic Chemicals, Plastics & Synthetic Fibers CFR 414 Organic Chemicals, Plastics & Synthetic Fibers CFR 415 Inorganic Chems Mfg (weird….) CFR 415 Inorganic Chems Mfg (weird….) CFR 417 Soap & Detergent Mfg (weird…) CFR 417 Soap & Detergent Mfg (weird…) CFR 418 Fertilizer Mfg (weird…) CFR 418 Fertilizer Mfg (weird…) CFR 419 Petroleum Refining CFR 419 Petroleum Refining

26 CATEGORIES WITH PSES and/or PSNS CFR 420 Iron & Steel Mfg CFR 420 Iron & Steel Mfg CFR 421 Non-Ferrous Metals Mfg CFR 421 Non-Ferrous Metals Mfg CFR 423 Steam Elect. Power Generating CFR 423 Steam Elect. Power Generating CFR 425 Leather Tanning CFR 425 Leather Tanning CFR 426 Rubber Mfg CFR 426 Rubber Mfg CFR 429 Timber Products Processing CFR 429 Timber Products Processing CFR 430 Pulp, Paper & Paperboard CFR 430 Pulp, Paper & Paperboard CFR 433 Metal Finishing CFR 433 Metal Finishing CFR 437 Centralized Waste Treatment CFR 437 Centralized Waste Treatment

27 CATEGORIES WITH PSES and/or PSNS CFR 439 Pharmaceutical Mfg CFR 439 Pharmaceutical Mfg CFR 442 Transportation Equipment Cleaning CFR 442 Transportation Equipment Cleaning CFR 443 Paving & Roofing Mtrls (Tars & Asphalt) O&G Limits only CFR 443 Paving & Roofing Mtrls (Tars & Asphalt) O&G Limits only CFR 444 Waste Combustors CFR 444 Waste Combustors CFR 455 Pesticide Chems CFR 455 Pesticide Chems CFR 458 Carbon Black Mfg (O&G Limits only) CFR 458 Carbon Black Mfg (O&G Limits only) CFR 461 Battery Mfg CFR 461 Battery Mfg

28 CATEGORIES WITH PSES and/or PSNS CFR 464 Metal Molding & Casting CFR 464 Metal Molding & Casting CFR 465 Coil Coating CFR 465 Coil Coating CFR 466 Porcelain Enameling CFR 466 Porcelain Enameling CFR 467 Aluminum Forming CFR 467 Aluminum Forming CFR 468 Copper Forming CFR 468 Copper Forming CFR 469 Electrical & Electronic Components CFR 469 Electrical & Electronic Components CFR 471 Non-Ferrous Metals Forming & Metal Powders CFR 471 Non-Ferrous Metals Forming & Metal Powders

29 Pretreatment Standards Concentration-based Concentration-based –Direct approach –Mass based approach Production-based Production-based –Direct approach –Imposition of equivalent limits

30 CFR 433 Metal Finish Standards - PSES (“easy to apply”) (mg/ l) Daily Max Monthly Avg Daily Max Monthly Avg Cadmium (T)......... 0.69………………….. 0.26 Chromium (T)........ 2.77…………………. 1.71 Copper (T)............. 3.38…………………. 2.07 Lead (T)................. 0.69………………… 0.43 Nickel (T)............... 3.98………………… 2.38 Silver (T)................ 0.43………………… 0.24 Zinc (T).................. 2.61………………… 1.48 Cyanide (T)............ 1.20………………… 0.65 TTO........................ 2.13

31 CFR 414 Organic Chems, Plastics & Synthetic Fibers – PSES (a little harder to apply) Must achieve discharges not exceeding the quantity ( mass ) determined by multiplying the process wastewater flow subject to this subpart times the concentration listed in the following table. (ug/l) Daily Max Monthly Avg Daily Max Monthly Avg Acenaphthene........................... 47………………………… 19 Anthracene................................ 47………………………… 19 Benzene....................................134……………….……….. 57 Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate.... 258……………………….. 95 Carbon Tetrachloride.............. 380………………………. 142 Chlorobenzene........................ 380………………………..142

32 PRODUCTION BASED INDUSTRY CALCS? (won’t even get into the Calc’s) Aluminum Forming Subpart A, Casting Cleaning Subcategory kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured Daily Max Avg Monthly Daily Max Avg Monthly Copper (T)........ 0.0771…….……… 0.0421 Lead (T)............ 0.0791……………. 0.039 Zinc (T)............. 0.114……………… 0.0431

33 Wastestream Types CFR 403.6(e) Regulatedvs.Nonregulated - Unregulated or Dilute?

34 THE DREADED COMBINED WASTESTREAM FORMULA (CWF) C T = alt. conc. limit C i = conc. limit for reg’d stream F i = avg flow for reg’d stream F D = avg flow for dilution streams

35 Similar CWF for Mass based alternative

36 Wastestream Types CFR 403.6(e) Regulated Wastestream from an industrial process that is subject to a categorical pretreatment standard: “Contains Regulated Pollutants”

37 Wastestream Types CFR 403.6(e) Nonregulated - Unregulated Wastestream from an industrial process that is not subject to a categorical pretreatment standard and is not “dilute” “Contains Pollutants”

38 Wastestream Types Nonregulated - Dilute Wastestream considered to have only compatible pollutants and/or trace levels of regulated pollutants. “Contains No (neglible) Pollutants”

39 Types of Standards Daily maximum Daily maximum Long term averages Long term averages –4-day –30-day –Monthly Values with no duration Values with no duration

40 Certifications, Alternative Monitoring, and Estimates Certifications Certifications –Compounds not used/generated –Pollutants discharge in accordance to plan Alternative monitoring Alternative monitoring Calculated estimates Calculated estimates

41 Other Considerations... Removal credits - credit for POTW’s ability to [40 CFR ' 403.7]remove pollutant. Removal credits - credit for POTW’s ability to [40 CFR ' 403.7]remove pollutant. Fundamentally different factors - adjust for [40 CFR ' 403.13]unanticipated impacts of compliance. Fundamentally different factors - adjust for [40 CFR ' 403.13]unanticipated impacts of compliance. Net/Gross calculation - adjust for pollutants in [40 CFR ' 403.15] intake source. Net/Gross calculation - adjust for pollutants in [40 CFR ' 403.15] intake source.


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