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Hazard Management Dr. G. B. Soni. The Air Act - 1981 RIARIA The Water Cess Act - 1977 The Environment Protection Act - 1986 The Water Act - 1974 Environmental.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Management Dr. G. B. Soni. The Air Act - 1981 RIARIA The Water Cess Act - 1977 The Environment Protection Act - 1986 The Water Act - 1974 Environmental."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Management Dr. G. B. Soni

2 The Air Act RIARIA The Water Cess Act The Environment Protection Act The Water Act Environmental Laws The Hazardous Waste (M & H) Rules-1989 The Hazardous Chemicals (MSI) Rules, 1989 Environment Impact Assessment-1994 & 2006 Coastal Regulation Zone Notification-1991 The Chemical Accidents Rules, 1998 Recycled Plastics (M & H) Rules-1999 Biomedical Waste (M & H) Rules-1998 Ground Water Management Notification-1997 Fly Ash & Brick Mfg. Rules-1999 Noise Pollution (R & C) Rules-2000 Ozone Depleting Substances (R & C) Rules-2000 Batteries (M & H) Rules-2001 Municipal Solid Waste (M & H) Rules-2000 The Fly Ash & Brick Mfg Rules 1999 Hon High Court Judgments CREP Hon Supreme court judgments Environment Audit

3 Safety related Acts/Rules · The Factories Act, · The Factories Rules, 1963 (of respective state). · The Safety Officers Rules, 1982 (of respective state). · The Welfare Officers Rules, 1966 (of respective state). · The Dangerous Machines (Regulations) Act, · The Dangerous Machines (Regulations) Rules, · The Indian Boilers Act, · The Indian Electricity Act, · The Indian Electricity Rules, · The Motor Vehicles Act, · The Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 (relevant portion only). · The Petroleum Act, · The Petroleum Rules, · The Gas Cylinder Rules, · The LPG Regulation and Supply and Distribution Order, · The Explosives Act, · The Explosives Rules, · The Explosives Substances Act, · The Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 1981 (2002). · The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 · The Workmen’s Compensation Rules, 1924 · The Workmen’s Compensation (Venue of Proceedings) Rules, 1996 · The Workmen’s Compensation Returns · The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970

4 Voluntary initiatives for building a partnership among all Segregation of waste streams Detoxification and treatment of High COD waste streams 4 Air Pollution Control 6 Emission Control 7 Self Regulation Organisational restructuring 1 Voluntary initiatives for building a partnership among all 2 Segregation of waste streams 3 Detoxification and treatment of High COD waste streams 4 Effective Waste Management 5 Air Pollution Control 6 Emission Control 7 Self Regulation 8 Organisational restructuring And this CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ( CREP )

5 Risk Analysis is a process which provides a complete picture of significant EHS issues / aspects and impacts. In-short, this is a management tool which helps to know about, “how we manage EHS ” and “priorities to address EHS issues/aspects”

6 Scope Database Risk Identification Select aspects/Events Consequence Analysis Likelihood Analysis Actions to Reduce Consequences Actions to Reduce Frequencies Estimate Risk Levels

7 Procedure for Risk Analysis

8 After deciding the activity / aspects for which Risk Analysis is to be performed, decide the criteria based on which category of consequence of that activity / aspect can be judged, as illustrated below: Procedure for Risk Analysis pH CONSEQUENCECRITERIA (for example) Minor If pH of the Treated Effluent > 6.5 & < 8.5 Medium If pH of the Treated Effluent 5.5 0r > 8.5 & < 9.5 Serious If pH of the Treated Effluent 4.0 0r > 9.5 & < 10.0 Major If pH of the Treated Effluent 10.0 LIKELIHOOD / OCCURRENCE (FREQUENCY) CRITERIA (for example) Almost certainEvent could happen ≥ 70% times LikelyEvent could happen ≥ 50% & < 70 % times ModerateEvent could happen ≥ 25% & <50% times UnlikelyEvent could happen ≤ 25% time

9 Now the Risk Ranking of particular activity / aspect can be evaluated with the help of 'Risk Ranking Chart', as illustrated below: Risk Ranking = (Severity of Consequence) × (Likelihood or Occurrence) Risk Ranking Chart: Likelihood / Occurrence (frequency) Consequence MinorMediumSeriousMajor UnlikelyLLMM ModerateLMMH LikelyMMHH Almost certainMHHH Legend: HHigh Risk (unacceptable risk) M Medium Risk (acceptable risk with appropriate risk control measures) LLow Risk (acceptable risk) Risk Ranking of particular Activity/Aspect = H or M or L Procedure for Risk Analysis……

10 EHS Quantification Exercise Identification & Selection of EHS Aspects for quantification Environment Aspects – 17 Health & Safety Aspects – 25 Total EHS Aspects – 42 Developing & Establishing about 500 Criteria for quantification individual EHS Aspects Developing & Establishing Scoring Pattern Made presentations & got system approved Continue………

11 EHS Quantification Exercise Preparation of EHS Ranking Document and EHS Aspects Analysis Sheets Performing EHS Ranking [On-site observation/verification, Interaction with Plant heads, Eng Heads, EHS executives, On-site interaction with employees/workers, Document/records data verification Preparation of EHS Ranking Reports

12 FORMAT FOR ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY (EHS) RANKING No.Environment Aspect (A) Score Possible Score Obtained 1Compliance of Statutory Environmental Obligations 2Compliance of SPCB General Conditions 3Compliance of the Supreme Court’s directions including Display Board at the Main Gate 4Provision and Operation of the Effluent (Industrial & Domestic) Treatment Scheme 5Quality of the Treated Effluent (Industrial & Domestic) 6Maintaining Log-sheets for Environment Management System (EMS) 7Provision and Operation of the Air Pollution Control Measures 8Monitoring & Quality of Flue Gas Stack Emission 9Monitoring & Quality of Process Stacks/Vents Emission 10Fugitive Emission Monitoring 11Fugitive Emission Quality 12Ambient Air Monitoring 13Ambient Air Quality 14Noise Level Monitoring 15Noise Quality 16On-site Hazardous Wastes Storage Facility 17Compliance of the MS&IHC Rules – 1989 as amended till date

13 No.Health & Safety Aspect (B) Score Possible Score Obtained 18Health and Safety Policy 19Safety Department and Safety Budget 20Safety Committee 21Health & Safety Education and Training 22 General Working Condition: - House Keeping - Illumination - Ventilation - Noise Safety 23Hazard Identification and Control 24Fire Safety 25Work Permit System 26Safe Operating Procedures Continue………. FORMAT FOR ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY (EHS) RANKING

14 No.Health & Safety Aspect (B) Score Possible Score Obtained 27Emergency Preparedness 28Electrical Safety 29Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 30First Aid 31Material Handling Safety 32Lifting Machines & Tackles Safety 33Tank Farm (Storage Vessel) Area Safety 34Pressure Vessels (Fired and Unfired) Safety 35Static Electricity Safety 36Workshop Safety 37On-Site Gas Cylinders Storage and Handling Safety 38Welding and Gas Cutting Safety Continue………. FORMAT FOR ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY (EHS) RANKING

15 No.Health & Safety Aspect (B) Score Possible Score Obtained 39Chemical Lab Safety 40Safety Inspection 41 Accident Reporting, Investigation and Analysis 42 Compliance of the Provisions of Factories Act, 1948 as amended till date HEALTH & SAFETY SCORE TOTLE (B):25 ENVIRONMENT SCORE TOTLE (A):17 EHS SCORE TOTLE(A+B):42 FORMAT FOR ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY (EHS) RANKING To Calculate Final Score Total Score Possible: 42 Final Ranking: (Total score obtained/Total possible score) X 100 = ________%

16 CriteriaTotal Score Score Pattern Score Conform (C) Partially Conform (PC) Not Conform (NC) Not Applica ble (NA) Consolidated Consents & Authorization (CC&A) Bio-Medical Wastes (BMW) Authorization Environmental Clearance (EC) or any other clearance Environmental Audit Report Environmental Statement (Form-V) Water Cess Returns (Form-I) Annual Returns of Hazardous Wastes (HWs) (Form-4) Manifest (white copy) for HWs disposal Annual Returns of BMWs (Form-II) Compliance Report of CC&A/ Environmental Clearance/ CRZ Clearance or other approvals Public Liability Insurance (P.L.I.) Policy No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Airport Authority of India (AAI) Management of used Batteries Phase out the use of Ozone Depleting Substances Aspect: Compliance of Statutory Environmental Obligations Total Score Possible: ________ Total Score Obtained: ________ Final Score = (Total Score Obtained / Total Score Possible) Final Score = _________

17 CLASSIFICATION CLASSIFICATION Colour Code Units % Percentage (%)Rating ≤ 50 % Immediate > 50 & ≤ 60 % Below Average > 60 & ≤ 70 %Average > 70 & ≤ 80 %Good > 80 & ≤ 90 %Very Good > 90 & ≤ 100 %Excellent

18 TOOLS USED TO REDUCE THE RISK Gap Analysis & improving through Action Plans Set up EHS Cells at Corporate Office and Individual units In plant Effluent Segregation System (IMPESS) Solvent Recovery Wealth from waste SOP for all EHS related activities ISO & OSHAS Certification Training Programs Documentation Daily CMD reporting Monthly reporting to the Executive Committee Action Plans for Resource conservation and Recycling Awareness Program Inviting innovative ideas from the employees Learning's through interplant visits Involvement of EHS cell at planning stage Annual EHS Meet. Celebrations of various Days EHS performance Awards Fixing Accountability

19 Unit Environment Ranking (%) Health- Safety Ranking (%) Environment- Health-Safety (EHS) Ranking (%) Group EHS-Rank Overall EHS-Rank Jan 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Feb EHS RANKING EHS RANKING Legend Legend UPDOWN NO CHANGE

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