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ASSE-AIHA Alliance Presentation Annual OSHA Update: Technical Support and Emergency Management Thomas Galassi, MPH, CIH Director Directorate of Technical.

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Presentation on theme: "ASSE-AIHA Alliance Presentation Annual OSHA Update: Technical Support and Emergency Management Thomas Galassi, MPH, CIH Director Directorate of Technical."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASSE-AIHA Alliance Presentation Annual OSHA Update: Technical Support and Emergency Management Thomas Galassi, MPH, CIH Director Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management

2 Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management (DTSEM) Mission –To provide safety and health expertise to OSHA’s National Office and field organizations –To fulfill OSHA’s role as designated under the National Response Framework

3 Salt Lake Technical Center National Office Wash, D.C. Cincinnati Technical Center

4 DTSEM Offices and Centers Occupational Health Nursing Occupational Medicine Science and Technology Assessment Technical Programs and Coordination Activities Emergency Management Technical Data Center Salt Lake Technical Center Cincinnati Technical Center

5 Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management services Integrated Solutions Complex and Emerging Technical Issues Resource Capabilities Including: –Safety / Industrial Hygiene professionals –Engineers –Librarians –Health Scientist –Occupational Nurses –Occupational Physicians –Analytical Chemists

6 Health Response Team OSHA's Health Response Team (HRT) can help assess the source and extent of exposure. Chemical hazards Biological hazards Physical energy Ergonomics

7 Health Response Team Select Activities Silver reclamation from photo and x-ray film Mold contamination in a document storage unit Boiler explosion at a refinery Nanotechnology Ionizing Radiation in a biotechnology facility Ergonomics/Vibration evaluation

8 Health Response Team Select Activities Hydrogen Sulfide fatality investigation –Environmental and forensic testing Referred to OSHA occupational physicians for association of exposure and outcome

9 Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure: What Happened? A rendering plant employee was tightening a gasket close to a machine that was known to produce hydrogen sulfide –Worker collapsed in cardiac arrest –Supervisor attempted assistance – collapsed and recovered –5 responding EMTs also affected Paramedics noted a “strong rotten egg odor”

10 Hydrogen Sulfide (H 2 S) Poisoning No post-mortem information was available Causality based on history of event & multiple medical records Testing for thiosulfate in blood and urine would have been helpful

11 Arsine Exposure: What Happened? Water treatment facility re- engineering electro-coagulation (ECU) process to improve arsenic extraction Four employees standing over vat were admitted to local hospitals for bloody urine (hematuria) Two required dialysis treatments Safety & health effects were not considered in re-engineering process Causal relationship confirmed between arsine exposure and health effects

12 Arsine Poisoning Most cases occur when arsine is produced unintentionally Active metal + strong acid = fresh hydrogen Newly formed hydrogen reacts with arsenic compounds to form Arsine gas

13 IH Chemistry Our AIHA (ISO17025) accredited laboratory analyzes over 400 chemicals. Over 16,000 laboratory samples analyzed per year.

14 Analytical Investigative Services Mass Spec Analysis - unknowns Combustible Dust testing Sampling and Analytical Methods Development Material Failure Testing and Investigations Blood Carboxyhemoglobin to Environmental Carbon Monoxide Concentration Back Calculations Soil Testing

15 Engineering and Program Support

16 Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories (NRTL) Program NRTLs test and approve products to assure they are safe to use in U.S. workplaces and are recognized by OSHA’s NRTL Program. 2008 American Council of Independent Laboratories (ACIL) Alliance increased awareness of OSHA's NRTL- approval requirements. Three alliance products of interest. –Registered Certification Marks of NRTLs – pocket card –"Identifying Counterfeit Items – Quick Tips" –"The Threat of Counterfeit Product Approval Marks Warrants Aggressive Detection and Enforcement Action"

17 Emergency Management Coordination with Emergency Management Community Defined roles for FEMA and OSHA in emergency response situations National Exercises OSHA’s role is to ensure that worker safety and health issues are not overlooked or inadequately addressed

18 National Response Framework: Worker Safety and Health Support Annex (WSHSA) OSHA is the Coordinating Federal Agency for Worker Safety and Health Theatre-wide mechanism for Federal, State, and local entities to request worker safety and health technical assistance Emergency Preparedness and Response


20 Significant Outreach Issues American Recovery and Reinvention Act (ARRA) 2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic

21 ARRA website directs users to OSHA resources

22 “In Focus” section: Pandemic Influenza page Resources (e.g., Quick Cards, Fact Sheets) are available in HTML or PDF formats as well as English or Spanish versions 22 Pan Flu Quick Cards and Fact Sheets

23 Worker and Employer guidance for 2009 H1N1 published in November

24 Safety and Health Information Bulletins, Best Practices and other products on: Skid Steer Loaders Cable Trays Stand-up Forklifts Special Purpose Particle Accelerators Mechanical Power Presses Nationally Recognized Testing Labs EMS Responders Nail Guns

25 OSHA E-Products WEB-based Resources Safety and Health Information on over 170 selected topics –New Electric Power eTool Hazard Assessment and Job Briefing, Energized vs. De-energized work, Grounding, Overhead Line work, and more…. Exploring new technologies – forums, blogs, wiki- pages

26 “…agencies should harness new technologies to put information about their operations and decisions online and readily available to the public.” President Obama January 21, 2009

27 Open Government Directive December 8, 2009 Open Government Directive (OGD) Directs Agencies to be more: Transparent in our work Participatory in seeking the ideas and expertise of citizens Collaborative in how we use new technology and processes for developing government policies

28 Change How Government Works Command & Control Organization No expectation of response Formal, information based information Limited communications channels Distributed Organization Real time or near real time response Casual, multimedia- based information Multiple communications channels

29 Open Government: Social Media as a Tool Status: Identifying which tools support our needs (and work) and which tools do not Learning how to use the tools Exploring how we balance resource demands associated with these tools against the benefit of interacting with the public

30 OSHA Datasets on OSHA Data Initiative - Establishment Specific Injury and Illness Rates (Raw Data) Weekly Fatality Reports (Tool) OSHA Exposure Sampling Results – Under development (Tool and Raw Data)

31 Public Engagement OSHA Listens – March 4 National Action Summit for Latino Worker Safety and Health – April 14 – 15 in Houston Open Government Planning –Idea Scale

32 Questions?? Thomas Galassi, Director Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management (DTSEM) (202)693.2300

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