Presentation on theme: "Kidney Dysplasia. What Is It?? (Renal Dysplasia or Multicystic Dysplasia) ‘Dysplasia’; abnormality in development A condition that can occur in babies."— Presentation transcript:
What Is It?? (Renal Dysplasia or Multicystic Dysplasia) ‘Dysplasia’; abnormality in development A condition that can occur in babies while they are growing in the womb One or both of the baby’s kidneys do not develop normally Fluid-filled sacs called cysts replace normal kidney tissue One kidney – few health issues Both kidneys- do not survive pregnancy or need transplant/dialysis very early in life 1 in every 4300 live births
How Does It Affect The Kidney?? During pregnancy, baby develops a ureter (collects urine from kidneys) In KD, the tubules of the ureter fail to branch out of kidney properly Due to a malformation of the distal components of the nephron such as, the collecting ducts, pelvis and ureter Urine has no where to go, collects inside kidney and forms cysts
Symptoms Enlarged kidney at birth Abnormalities in the urinary tract – urinary infections High blood pressure
Diagnosis Sonogram – fetal ultrasound (sound waves used to create images) After birth, examination of urinary tract infection or other medical condition
Nature vs. Nuture Nuture Prescription drugs such as, seizure or high blood pressure treating medication Illegal drugs such as, cocaine Nature Appears to be an autosomal dominant trait - one parent can pass it onto the child When KD is discovered in a child, ultrasound may reveal the condition in one of the parents
Treatment One kidney – no treatment Regular check-ups on blood pressure, urine samples for protein, and tests to measure kidney function Removal of kidney only necessary if it causes pain, high blood pressure, shows abnormal changes in ultrasound No recent/upcoming treatments found
Questions 1) What replaces normal kidney tissue in an infected kidney? 2) What fails to properly form in the kidney causing kidney dysplasia? How? 3) Describe two ways in which kidney dysplasia is diagnosed.