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Diabetes Mellitis inadequate secretion of insulin inadequate secretion of insulin without insulin, blood glucose levels are extremely high, and excess.

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Presentation on theme: "Diabetes Mellitis inadequate secretion of insulin inadequate secretion of insulin without insulin, blood glucose levels are extremely high, and excess."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diabetes Mellitis inadequate secretion of insulin inadequate secretion of insulin without insulin, blood glucose levels are extremely high, and excess glucose remains in the nephron. without insulin, blood glucose levels are extremely high, and excess glucose remains in the nephron.

2 The high osmotic gradient prevents water re-absorption and increases urine production. The high osmotic gradient prevents water re-absorption and increases urine production. Sugar is found in the urine Sugar is found in the urine

3 Diabetes Insipidus lack of ADH production lack of ADH production urine output increases up to 20L/day urine output increases up to 20L/day no sugar in urine no sugar in urine

4 Nephritis inflammation of the nephrons inflammation of the nephrons Protein in the urine is a common symptom Protein in the urine is a common symptom The osmotic gradient also causes an increase in urine production. The osmotic gradient also causes an increase in urine production. Nephritis can lead to irreversible kidney damage and eventual kidney failure. Nephritis can lead to irreversible kidney damage and eventual kidney failure.

5 Dialysis Hemodialysis Artificial kidney machine connects to a vein and pumps blood through semipermeable tubes submerged in a solution to remove waste Artificial kidney machine connects to a vein and pumps blood through semipermeable tubes submerged in a solution to remove waste

6 Dialysis Peritoneal dialysis-a catheter is inserted through abdominal lining. Peritoneal dialysis-a catheter is inserted through abdominal lining. Fluid is injected to collect waste and is drained Fluid is injected to collect waste and is drained

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8 Kidney Stones Crystallized oxalic acid and/or calcium and/or phosphate Crystallized oxalic acid and/or calcium and/or phosphate Painful! Painful!

9 Kidney Stones Treatment: Surgical removal Surgical removal Drugs to dissolve Drugs to dissolve Lithotripsy-shock waves Lithotripsy-shock waves

10 Kidney Transplant In 2002 there were 48 transplants done in Edmonton. In 2002 there were 48 transplants done in Edmonton.


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