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Michael Vallis, PhD, R Psych Psychologist and Lead, CH Behaviour Change Institute Associate Professor, Dalhousie University Halifax, CANADA Supporting.

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Presentation on theme: "Michael Vallis, PhD, R Psych Psychologist and Lead, CH Behaviour Change Institute Associate Professor, Dalhousie University Halifax, CANADA Supporting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Michael Vallis, PhD, R Psych Psychologist and Lead, CH Behaviour Change Institute Associate Professor, Dalhousie University Halifax, CANADA Supporting Self-Management in Chronic Disease

2 2 What, Me Judgmental?

3 What is the Standard of Care? Dominant models of behaviour in health care After giving rounds to dialysis/transplant team I was cornered by several staff “You work in the diabetes centre, right? We need you to take a message to the staff” You don’t talk enough about complications Our patients say: “if I knew my life would be this bad I never would have let my diabetes stay out of control” After giving a talk on behaviour change a family physician said “The problem is we just don’t scare our patients enough. If we put the fear of god into them they would do what we say”

4 25 DAWN2 % of people with diabetes and health care professionals reporting their health care team/they engage in each behavior most of the time or always N = 4,785 N = 8,596

5 Establishing Change-Based Relationships Readiness: How to Assess How to Enhance Supporting Behaviour Change Reduce Risk of Relapse Effective Self Management Interventions

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9 Outcomes are dependent on how good you are

10 Fundamental change in the relationship between the individual and the HCP From Expert clinician with uninformed helpseeker “Let me tell you what you need to do” “Let me tell you what you need to know” To We both have a role to play “I understand that you will make your own decisions and I respect that. Can we have a conversation about your health” Interpersonal Dynamics

11 What do patients want? To minimize the impact of diabetes in their life This often means avoiding the tasks What do providers want? To get the recommended glucose (A1c) and bp control This means using lifestyle, medication and insulin Interpersonal Dynamics

12 More Recipe for Disaster than Match Made in Heaven Therapeutic Alliance Interpersonal Dynamics

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14 Change-Based Relationship Motivational Enhancement: Getting to Behaviour Is the behaviour (or lack of it) a problem for you? Does the behaviour (or lack of it) cause you any distress? Are you interested in changing your behaviour? Are you ready to do something to change your behaviour now?

15 Getting to the Behaviour Readiness AssessmentNot ReadyReadyGo Right to Behaviour Modification Ambivalent Understanding the behaviour Personal meaning Seriousness, personal responsibility, controllability, optimism Expanding on readiness Personal/meaningful reasons to change Willingness to work hard - connect to principles Delay of gratification Barriers/Temptations Especially social, cultural and environmental Decisional Balance Self-Efficacy

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17 Change-Based Relationship Motivational Enhancement: Getting to Behaviour Behaviour Modification

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19 Change-Based Relationship Motivational Enhancement: Getting to Behaviour Behaviour Modification Emotion Management Assess and address the 4 Ss Self-image Explore if the behaviour is internally of externally motivated Self-efficacy A person’s confidence to perform a specific behaviour in a specific context for a specific time period and in the face of specific barriers Social Support Are there external factors that help sustain the behaviour? Stress Identify emotional issues and search for opportunities to replace the function of unhealthy behaviour Identify and encourage stress management Link stress management to adherence, participation It is not Psychotherapy Your role is best delivered in the following manner: Identify and label Educate Recommend Support

20 THAT’S ALL: THANK YOU!

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